Zoé Talon, comtesse du Cayla

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The comtesse du Cayla with her children, Ugoline and Ugolin; painting by François Gérard (1825)

Zoé Victoire Talon (August 5,[1] 1785 – March 19, 1852), styled comtesse du Cayla, was an intimate friend and confidante of Louis XVIII of France, and was his maîtresse-en-titre.

She was born at Le Boullay-Thierry. She was the daughter of a royal avocat, Antoine Omer Talon (1760–1811), and was privately educated and groomed by Madame Campan, whose school Lamartine called an academy of feminine diplomacy.[2] In 1802 she married the comte Baschi du Cayla (died 1851), with whom she had two children, Ugolin and Ugoline[3] before being separated after prolonged litigation, which brought her to the attention of Louis XVIII, to whom she personally appealed for protection from her husband. She managed to retain the confidence, however, of her mother-in-law, a lady-in-waiting in the household of the comtesse de Provence, who now became titular queen of France. At the court of the restored Bourbons, Mme de Cayla was also the protegée of the vicomte Sosthène de La Rochefoucauld and from about 1817, at first very discreetly, became the major avenue through which the Ultras were able to influence the aged and emotionally needy Louis XVIII, who lavished favours upon Mme de Cayla, though she was unlikely ever to have been his mistress.[4]

Château de Saint-Ouen, 1821-22

In 1821 the king had the Château de Saint-Ouen, north of Paris, razed and rebuilt by the architect Jacques-Marie Huvé; the first stones were laid 2 May 1821, in the presence of the king and the comtesse.[5] The old château had been the site of the signing of papers that restored the brother of Louis XVI to the throne of France. It was decorated and furnished out of Louis XVIII's pocket, without a trace in the official budget of the Maison du Roi, and completed by the end of 1822, when Mme de Cayla officially "purchased" it from the architect, 29 October 1822. The King's house-warming gift was a dessert service of Sèvres porcelain painted with views of the new château.[6]

She was also the avenue through which office-seekers could find places. After the death of her royal patron in 1824 she turned her attention to agriculture, raising a new breed of sheep named in her honour, from a long-haired Nubian ram that had been presented to her by Muhammad Ali, viceroy of Egypt. She supported the pile carpet manufactory of Savonnerie in its last independent days before it was absorbed by the Gobelins in 1826.

She died in 1852 at her château of Saint-Ouen.

Among gardeners, her name is commemorated in the Rose 'Comtesse du Cayla', not in fact a rose of her period, but instead a China rose raised by Pierre Guillot in 1902.[7]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ American Cyclopædia
  2. ^ Arthur Léon Imbert de Saint-Amand, (Elizabeth Gilbert (Davis) Martin, tr.) The Duchess of Berry and the Court of Louis XVIII 1892:257.
  3. ^ She became the princess de Craon.
  4. ^ Lamartine, in his memoirs, recalled that "the king's sentiment for this attractive woman had from the first the character of a love which hides from itself, under the name of friendship, what the age of the King and the reserve of the woman did not permit to be to be avowed; he felt an affection for her which he styled paternal, and he called her his daughter, not daring through respect for himself and respect for her, to call her by any other name." Saint-Amand 1892:260-61.
  5. ^ Château de Saint-Ouen
  6. ^ Sold Sotheby's Paris 25 March 2005
  7. ^ Rose 'Comtesse du Cayla'

Sources[edit]

  • The American Cyclopædia: A Popular Dictionary of General Knowledge (1873) s.v. "Zoé Victoire de Cayla".
  • Arthur Léon Imbert de Saint-Amand, (Elizabeth
  • Gilbert (Davis) Martin, tr.) The Duchess of Berry and the Court of Louis XVIII 1892