Zooniverse (citizen science project)
|Slogan||Real science online|
|Type of site||Citizen science web portal|
|Available language(s)||English, German, Polish|
|Owner||Citizen Science Alliance|
|Created by||Fingerprint Digital Media|
|Launched||16 February 2009|
Zooniverse is a citizen science web portal owned and operated by the Citizen Science Alliance. The organization grew from the original Galaxy Zoo project and now hosts more than a dozen projects which allow volunteers to participate in scientific research. Unlike many early internet-based citizen science projects (such as SETI@home) which used spare computer processing power to analyse data, known as volunteer computing, Zooniverse projects require the active participation of human volunteers to complete research tasks. Projects have been drawn from disciplines including astronomy, ecology, cell biology, humanities, and climate science.
As of 21 August 2013[update], the Zooniverse community consisted of more than 860,000 volunteers. The volunteers are often collectively referred to as "Zooites". The data collected from the various projects has led to the publication of dozens of scientific papers.
Active projects currently include:
|Galaxy Zoo||The fourth and latest incarnation of the Galaxy Zoo project, in which users are shown images of a galaxy and then asked a series of questions to classify its morphology. The current sample includes images of high-redshift galaxies taken by the Hubble Space Telescope and low-redshift galaxies from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey in New Mexico.|
|Moon Zoo||High-resolution images of the Moon's surface provided by the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter are used by volunteers to create detailed crater counts, mapping the variation in age of lunar rocks.|
|Old Weather||Zooites use a special interface to digitally transcribe weather and sea ice data from the log books of United States Arctic exploration and research ships, that were at sea between 1850 and 1950. The current data is the third phase of the project.|
|Solar Stormwatch||The project uses data including video imagery from the twin STEREO spacecraft to track the formation and evolution of coronal mass ejections.|
|Planet Hunters||Identifying extrasolar planets from the light curves of stars recorded by the Kepler space telescope.|
|The Milky Way Project||Detecting bubbles in the interstellar medium which indicate regions where the early stages of star formation are taking place. The project uses infrared images from the Spitzer Space Telescope, as well as sub-millimetre data from Herschel.|
|SETILive||SETILive is a project which attempts to use humans to identify potential signals from intelligent extraterrestrial life which may be missed by computer algorithms. The data comes from radio observations by the Allen Telescope Array of stars in the Kepler field of view.|
|Ancient Lives||Transcribing texts in Greek from the Oxyrhynchus Papyri. The papyri belong to the Egypt Exploration Society and their texts will eventually be published and numbered in Society's Greco-Roman Memoirs series.|
|Cyclone Center||Classifying tropical cyclones by using a modified version of the Dvorak Technique. Volunteers are shown a series of images from infrared sensors on weather satellites and asked a number of questions to identify the type and strength of the storm.|
|Seafloor Explorer||Volunteers are asked to identify species and ground cover in images of the seafloor to create a library of seafloor habitats. The images are from a robotic camera that mapped the seafloor off the coast of the northeastern United States.|
|Bat Detective||Monitoring the status of bat populations by classifying the sounds they make for echolocation and social purposes. The data are originally recorded using ultrasonic microphones; calls are played back at a slower speed within the range of human hearing; data are also shown visually in the form of a spectrogram.|
|Whale FM||Categorize the sounds made by killer whales and follow the travels of individual animals around the oceans. Volunteers can both hear an audio clip of the whale sounds and view the data as a spectrogram. The project is run in conjunction with Scientific American.|
|Cell Slider||Using images from Cancer Research UK volunteers help to classify archived cancer samples.|
|Planet Four||Users analyze images of the surface of Mars, taken near the Martian southern polar cap. Classifications include marking fans and blotches caused by sublimating gas and geysers underneath the carbon dioxide ice. Images come from the HiRISE camera onboard the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.|
|Notes from Nature||Transcribing museum records to obtain historical biodiversity data.|
|Snapshot Serengeti||Classifying animals at the Serengeti National Park in Tanzania using images gathered from 225 camera traps. The purpose is to study how species are distributed across the landscape and interact with each other.|
|Space Warps||Searching for gravitational lenses created by massive galaxies in distant space.|
|Plankton Portal||Classifying plankton from images gathered by the In Situ Ichthyoplankton Imaging System to understand how plankton types are distributed at a variety of ocean depths. The information can be used to map oceanic carbon dioxide levels, as plankton provide a valid indicator.|
|Worm Watch Lab||Watch videos of nematode worms to collect genetic data that will assist medical research.|
According to the Zooniverse site, these projects are now retired:
|Galaxy Zoo Mergers||Compared images of galaxies discovered by the original Galaxy Zoo to simulations to study the dynamics of interacting galaxies.|
|Galaxy Zoo Supernovae||Used data from the Palomar Transient Factory survey to search for supernovae for quick follow-up study by telescopes around the world.|
|Ice Hunters||Identified Kuiper belt objects (KBOs) for potential future targets for the New Horizons spacecraft. Also identified variable stars and asteroids. It made use of human review of subtracted images from various telescopes.|
|Old Weather Phases One & Two||Between October 2010 and July 2012, some 16,400 volunteers transcribed the weather data from 1,090,745 pages of the log books of World War 1 era Royal Navy ships. The project generated 1.6 million weather observations that will be used to improve climate modelling.|
|Andromeda Project||Used images from the Hubble Space Telescope to identify star clusters in the Andromeda Galaxy as well as background distant galaxies hidden in the star fields.|
- "Projects". Citizen Science Alliance. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
- "Zoo 2 Launches!". 16 February 2009. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
- Krevans, Fortson & Brusuelas (4 December 2012). "Crowdsourcing ancient texts". IAS, University of Minnesota]. Retrieved 4 December 2012.
- "Zooniverse". Retrieved 1 November 2012.
- Coulter, Dauna (22 April 2011). "Citizen Scientists Making Incredible Discoveries". NASA. Retrieved 11 July 2011.
- "Publications". Zooniverse. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
- "Spiral, barred, elliptical and irregular: computers automatically classify galaxy shapes". RAS. 2 June 2010. Retrieved 24 August 2011.
- Geere, Duncan (24 May 2010). "Science Crowdsourcing a map of the moon". Wired. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
- "NASA Invites Public to Take Virtual Walk On The Moon". NASA. 11 May 2010. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
- Justin Gillis (2012). "Retrieving the weather of the past". New York Times. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
- "Humankind sees the Sun as never before". UKSA. 7 February 2011. Retrieved 24 August 2011.
- "NASA's Kepler Mission Announces Next Data Release to Public Archive". NASA. 12 August 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
- Hurt, Robert (7 December 2010). "Help Investigate Spitzer's Milky Way!". JPL. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
- Wakefield, Jane (29 February 2012). "Seti Live website to crowdsource alien life". BBC News Technology (Los Angeles, California). British Broadcasting Company. Retrieved 18 March 2012.
- Boyle, Alan (28 July 2011). "Help scientists decipher 'lost' gospel". MSNBC. Retrieved 24 August 2011.
- "Zooniverse". Retrieved 10 October 2012.
- Mark Kinver (Environment reporter) (3 October 2012). "Website calls for people to become 'bat detectives'". BBC News. Retrieved 2013-01-22.
- "Zooniverse". Retrieved 25 October 2012.
- James Holloway (15 January 2013). "Scientists need you to analyise images of Mars". gizmag. Retrieved 15 August 2013.
- Peter Rothman (16 January 2013). "Explore Mars and help planetary scientists understand Martian weather". Humanity+. Retrieved 15 August 2013.
- "Zooniverse". Retrieved 3 May 2013.
- Alan Boyle (7 May 2013). "'Engage ! Astronomers need your assistance to detect space warps". NBC News. Retrieved 15 August 2013.
- "Plankton Portal". Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- Liat Clark. "Plankton Portal uses citizen science to measure ocean health". Wired Magazine. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- "Zooniverse:Worm Watch Lab". Scientific American. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
- Johnston, Hamish (24 November 2009). "'Galaxy Zoo Mergers' opens today". Institute of Physics. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
- "Astronomers release galactic collision game". BBC. 25 November 2009. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
- Grossman, Lisa (17 November 2010). "Help Scientists Hunt for Exploding Stars". Wired. Retrieved 24 August 2011.
- "Citizen Scientists: Discover a New Horizons Flyby Target". NASA. 21 Jun 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
- Lakdawalla, Emily (2011-06-21). "The most exciting citizen science project ever (to me, anyway)". The Planetary Society. Retrieved 2011-08-31.
- Philip Brohan (2012). "Theres a green one and a pink one and a blue one and a yellow one". Oldweather.org. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
- Philip Brohan (2012). "One million six hundred thousand new observations". Oldweather.org. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
- "Andromeda Project". Retrieved 5 December 2012.