Zorba (XQuery processor)

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Zorba is an open source query processor written in C++, implementing

Zorba is distributed under Apache License, Version 2.0. The project is mainly supported by the FLWOR Foundation, Oracle, and 28msec.

Specifications[edit]

Zorba provides the implementation of the following W3C specifications:

Zorba also provides implementations of:

Scripting[edit]

Scripting Extension is an open specification that provides semantic for side-effects in XQuery or JSONiq programs. It also provides a user-friendly syntax for imperative programming within such programs. The following code snippet is an example of the Scripting syntax. It computes a sequence containing all the Fibonacci numbers that are less than 100.

(: this is a variable declaration statement :)
variable $a as xs:integer := 0;
variable $b as xs:integer := 1;
variable $c as xs:integer := $a + $b;
variable $fibseq as xs:integer* := ($a, $b);
 
while ($c lt 100) {
   (: this is a variable assignment statement :)
   $fibseq := ($fibseq, $c);
   $a := $b;
   $b := $c;
   $c := $a + $b;
}
$fibseq

The following is an example of CRUD operations using Scripting, XQuery, and XQuery Update.

variable $stores := doc("stores.xml")/stores;
 
(: Create :)
insert node <store><store-number>4</store-number><state>NY</state></store> into $stores;
(: Update :)
replace value of node $stores/store[state="NY"]/store-number with "5";
(: Delete :)
delete node $stores/store[state != "NY"];
(: Read :)
$stores

Data Definition Facility[edit]

Data Definition Facility provides a semantic for persistent artifacts such as collections and indexes in XQuery or JSONiq programs. For instance, the following code snippets declares a collection named entries and an index on that collection named entry.

module namespace g = "http://www.zorba-xquery.com/guestbook";
 
import module namespace db = "http://www.zorba-xquery.com/modules/store/static/collections/dml";
 
declare namespace an = "http://www.zorba-xquery.com/annotations";
 
(: Declares a collection named entries :)
declare collection g:entries as element(entry);
(: Declares a variable that points to the g:entries collection :)
declare variable $g:entries := xs:QName('g:entries');
 
(: Declares an index named entry on top of the entries collection :)
declare %an:automatic %value-equality index g:entry
  on nodes db:collection(xs:QName('g:entries'))
  by xs:string(@id) as xs:string;

Storage[edit]

Zorba provides a pluggable store so it can be used on different kind of environments: disk, database, browser. By default, Zorba is built with a main memory store. 28msec implements a store on top of MongoDB. The XQuery in the Browser project has built a browser plugin for Zorba and leverages the DOM as its store.

APIs[edit]

Zorba is usable through different host languages: C++, C, XQJ / Java, PHP, Python, C#, Ruby, and even XQuery/JSONiq.

Zorba is also available as a command-line tool.

XQDT is an XQuery plugin for the Eclipse (IDE). It fully supports Zorba API and syntax.

Modules[edit]

Zorba provides more than 70 XQuery modules for building applications. Some of these modules are:

  • File system, Email, HTTP client, OAuth client
  • XQuery and JSONiq Data Model Processing: typing, atomic items, and nodes.
  • Full-text: tokenizer, stemmer, thesaurus lookup.
  • Data Cleaning: phonetic similarities, set similarities, conversions.
  • Data Conversion: Base64, CSV, HTML, JSON, XML
  • Data Formatting: XSL-FO
  • Introspection and Reflection
  • Cryptography
  • Image processing

External links[edit]