Zou language

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Zo
Zou
Native to Burma, India
Region

In Burma: Chin State, Tiddim, Chin Hills;

In India: Manipur, Chandel, Singngat subdivision and Sungnu area; Churachandpur districts; Assam.
Ethnicity Zou
Native speakers
82,000  (2001–2012)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 zom
Glottolog zouu1235[3]

Zo (literally "of the hills") is a Northern Kukish language[2] originating in northwestern Burma and spoken also in Manipur in northeastern India where it is known as Zou. The term Zo is also often used as equivalent to the central identity of all the Kukish and Chin people, on both sides of the border, and the whole Chin or Kukish language group.

Linguistic relations[edit]

As can be seen from the name Zo ("of the hills") and Mizoram ("people hill country"), Zo among the Northern Kukish languages is closely related to the Central Kukish languages such as the Lushai or Mizo language (endonym in Lushai is Mizo ṭawng), the main language of Mizoram.

Relation to Paite language[edit]

Zou as spoken in India is similar to the Paite language of the Paite, though Zou does not have the guttural stop W.[4][5]

Geographical extent[edit]

At its largest extent, the geographic area covered by the language group is a territory of approximately 60,000 square miles (160,000 km2) in size, in Burma, India and Bangladesh.[6] However political boundaries and political debates have distorted the extent of the area in some sources.[7]

In Burma[edit]

It is used in Chin State, Tiddim, and the Chin Hills. Use of Burmese has increased in the Zo speaking Chin State since the 1950s.[8]

In India[edit]

Manipur, Chandel, Singngat subdivision and Sungnu area; Churachandpur districts; Assam.[9]

In Bangladesh[edit]

In Bangladesh it is used by the Bom people.[10][11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zo at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ a b Haokip, Pauthang (2011). Socio-linguistic Situation in North-east India. Concept Publishing Company. p. 55. ISBN 8180697606. 
  3. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Zou". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  4. ^ Bareh, Hamlet (2001). "Zou". Encyclopaedia of North-East India: Manipu. Mittal. pp. 260ff. ISBN 978-81-7099-790-0. Retrieved 22 November 2010. 
  5. ^ Their language is called Zou which is similar to the language spoken by the Paite. Unlike the Zou, the Paite possess the terminal glottal stop 'h'. For example, a word for 'good' is hoih in Paite while it changes into hoi in the Zou language. Sannemla (Zou folksongs) are also popular among the Paite, although they are rendered in their individual dialect bearing the characteristic phonetic differences. Singh, Kumar Suresh; Horam, M. and Rizvi, S. H. M. (1998). People of India: Manipur. Anthropological Survey of India by Seagull Books. p. 253. ISBN 978-81-7154-769-2. 
  6. ^ Encyclopaedia of South-Asian tribes - Volume 8 - Page 3436 Satinder Kumar - 2000 "According to the 1981 census, 12,515 persons speak the Zou language"
  7. ^ But against the background of all such conflict the Zomi National Congress went a step further in its argument for a Zomi identity by claiming Thado language as Zomi language. In the Kuki-Chin group of tribes, numerical strength has played ... Gopalakrishnan, Ramamoorthy (1996). Socio-political framework in North-East India. New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House. p. 150. OCLC 34850808. 
  8. ^ Evaluating the Impact of Family Devotions Upon Selected Families from the Zomi Christian Community of Tulsa (oclc 645086982) - Page 7, Nang Khen Khup, Thesis, Oral Roberts University - 2007 The Zomi language is descended from the Tibeto-Burman language domain. Though each tribal group speaks its own dialect, Burmese is widely used in Zoland (Chinland) due to Burmanization of military regime for over five decades
  9. ^ Shyamkishor, Ayangbam. "In Search of Common Identity: A Study of Chin-Kuki-Mizo Community in India". International Journal of South Asian Studies: A Biannual Journal of South Asian Studies 3 (1): 131–140. Archived from the original on 21 March 2012. 
  10. ^ Loncheu, Nathan (2013). Dena, Lal, ed. Bawmzos: A Study Of The Chin-Kuki-Zo Tribes Of Chittagong. New Delhi: Akansha Publishing House. ISBN 978-81-8370-346-8. 
  11. ^ Reichle, Verena (1981). Bawm language and lore: Tibeto-Burman area. Europäische Hochschulschriften series 21, Linguistik: volume 14. Bern, Switzerland: P. Lang. ISBN 978-3-261-04935-3. 

Further reading[edit]

  • DeLancey, Scott (1987). "Part VIII: Sino-Tibetan languages". In Comrie, Bernard. The World's Major Languages. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 797–810. ISBN 978-0-19-520521-3. 
  • Thang, Khoi Lam (2001). A phonological reconstruction of Proto-Chin. Payap University Masters thesis. Chiang Mai: Payap University. 
  • Button, Christopher Thomas James (2009). A Reconstruction of Proto Northern Chin in Old Burmese and Old Chinese Perspective. School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, Ph.D. dissertation. London: University of London. 
  • Button, Christopher Thomas James (2011). Proto Northern Chin. (STEDT monograph number 10). Berkeley, California: Department of Linguistics, University of California Berkeley. ISBN 978-0-944613-49-8. 

External links[edit]