Zouk chouv

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Music of Martinique
General topics
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Genres
Nationalistic and patriotic songs
National anthem La Marseillaise
Regional music
Music of Guadeloupe
General topics
Related articles
Genres
Nationalistic and patriotic songs
National anthem La Marseillaise
Regional music

Zouk chouv is a musical genre of Martinique and Guadeloupe. It evolved from chouval bwa, adding electric zouk instrumentation.

History[edit]

Belair or bèlè drumming is at the rhythmic heart of chouval bwa; the bélé itself is a huge tambour drum that players ride as though it was a horse. It is characterized, in its rhythm, by the "tibwa" (two wooden sticks) played on a length of bamboo mounted on a stand to the tambour bèlè, and is often accompanied by a chacha (a maracas). The tibwa rhythm plays a basic cinquillo pattern and the drum comes to mark the highlights and introduce percussion improvisations.[1][2] [3]

The bèlè is organized in a certain way, the first entry of the singer ( lavwa ) and choir ( lavwa Deye or "answer"). Then the "Bwatè" (player ti bwa) sets the pace, followed by bèlè drum. Finally, the dancers take the stage. A dialogue is created between the dancers and the "tanbouyè" (drummer). The "answer" play opposite the singer, the audience can also participate. As a family, together singers, dancers, musicians and audiences are lured by its mesmerizing rhythms.

Characteristics[edit]

The belair percussionist is typically the leader of the chouval bwa orchestra. Chouval bwa features a drummer on the tanbour drum and the ti bwa, a percussion instrument made out of a piece of bamboo laid horizontally and beaten with sticks; the most traditional ensembles also use accordions, chacha (a rattle) and the bel-air, a bass version of the tanbour, bamboo flute and wax-paper/comb-type kazoo. Call-and-response singing completes the ensemble. The lead singer chooses the sequence of dances through his or her selection of songs, each of which goes with a specific dance. All songs are sung by a chantwèl in créole and concern relations between the sexes, local gossip, and current politics.

Evolution of Zouk chouv[edit]

Zouk chouv evolved from chouval bwa, adding electric zouk instrumentation. It features a drummer on the tanbour drum and the ti bwa, a percussion instrument made out of a piece of bamboo laid horizontally and beaten with sticks; the most traditional ensembles also use accordions, chacha (a rattle) and the bel-air, a bass version of the tanbour, bamboo flute, and wax-paper/comb-type kazoo.

Zouk chouv has been popularized by musical artists such as Claude Germany, Tumpak, Dede Saint-Prix, and Pakatak.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Martinique bélé". YouTube. Retrieved March 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ "bélé dance and music". YouTube. Retrieved March 6, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Dominica bèlè". YouTube. Retrieved March 6, 2014.