Zsigmond Móricz

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Zsigmond Móricz (1923) painted by József Rippl-Rónai (1861–1927)
The native form of this personal name is Móricz Zsigmond. This article uses the Western name order.

Zsigmond Móricz (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈʒiɡmond ˈmoːrits], June 29, 1879, Tiszacsécse — September 4, 1942) was a major Hungarian novelist and Social Realist.

Early life and education[edit]

Zsigmond Móricz was born in Tiszacsécse in 1879 to Bálint Móricz and Erzsébet Pallagi. On his mother's side, he came from an impoverished but ancient noble family while his father was the descendant of serfs.[1] He studied at Debreceni Református Kollégium (1891-1893), Sárospataki Kollégium (1894-1896), and in Kisújszállás (1896-1898). In 1899, he enrolled at Debreceni Református Kollégium to study theology, but transferred into law after only six months.

Career[edit]

In 1903, he began to work as a journalist at the newspaper Az Újság, remaining there until 1909.

During the revolutionary government after World War I, he was vice president of the Vörösmarty Academy. After its fall, his plays were not performed in the National Theater, and his work was published only in Nyugat and Az Est. At the end of 1929 he became the prose editor for Nyugat.

Marriage and family[edit]

In 1905 Moricz married Eugénia Holics. Suffering from depression, she committed suicide in 1925.

He married for a second time in 1926 to Mária Simonyi.

Work[edit]

His novels expressed the lives of the Hungarian peasantry and dealt with issues of poverty.

Works[edit]

  • Légy jó mindhalálig (Be Faithful Unto Death) (1920)
  • Úri muri (Very Merry) (1928)
  • Rokonok (Relations) (1932)
  • Hét krajcár (Seven Pennies and Other Short Stories) (1907)
  • Az ezüstkirály sípja. Iromba J (Silver King’s Flute; Broody Jankó)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Judit Frigyesi, Béla Bartók and turn-of-the-century Budapest, University of California Press, 2000, p. 47 [1]