Zubair Group

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Zubair Group
Elevation 191 m (627 ft)
Location
Location Yemen Yemen, Red Sea
Coordinates 15°3′0″N 42°10′0″E / 15.05000°N 42.16667°E / 15.05000; 42.16667Coordinates: 15°3′0″N 42°10′0″E / 15.05000°N 42.16667°E / 15.05000; 42.16667
Geology
Type Shield Volcano
Last eruption September - October 2013
New island forming in the Zubair Group, about 0.5 km NNW of Rugged Island. NASA satellite image, January 7, 2012.

Al Zubair Group or Zubayr Group (Arabic: مجموعة جزر الزبير, or simply: جزر الزبير‎) is a group of 10 major volcanic islands, on top of an underlying shield volcano in the Red Sea, which reach a height of 191 M above sea level. The volcano has continued to erupt in historic times. The islands currently belong to Yemen.

Islands[edit]

The largest island is Zubair, which is one of the younger islands. Other young islands are Centre Peak, Saba, Haycock, and Saddle. Saddle Island has had eruptions in historic times.

The volcano was built on a NNW-SSE rift line. It began with a period of explosive eruptions, then a period of quiescecence followed, during which time marine erosion took place. This was followed by a period of both explosive and effusive eruption activity, building up the Stark and Barren group of islands that exist today. This period of eruption has continued into historic times.

Historic eruptions[edit]

1824 eruption[edit]

A small (VEI 2) eruption took place in 1824 on Saddle Island, with low level explosive activity. An eruption may have taken place on 14 August 1846, but this event is uncertain.

2011-2012 eruption[edit]

A volcanic eruption took place 19 December 2011 from the seabed. Satellite images showed a plume in the sea between Haycock and Rugged Islands. Fishermen reported lava fountaining 30 m above the sea. The submarine eruption has built a new island in the group, in between Rugged and Haycock Islands. Water entering the vent had created Surtseyan activity resulting in the release of steam and an ash plume. [1][2]

As of 12 January 2012, the new island had grown to around 530 by 710 meters (1,700 by 2,300 feet) across and had begun effusive activity. The new island is named Principato di San Bernardino October 3, 2013 as Apostille n ° 1016/2013 RSM.

Satellite images taken on 15 January 2012 showed that the eruption had stopped, leaving a newborn island behind. [3] A satellite photo taken on February 15 shows the new island has a crater lake.

2013 eruption[edit]

On September 28, 2013 a new submarine eruption began southwest of the 2011-2012 eruption site, with water discoloration and a significant steam plume reported. Scientists estimated that the eruption was taking place less than 100m below the surface, meaning that a new surtseyan phase was a possibility.[4] The activity at the site continued into October, with a large steam plume visible on satellite and confirmed by video from locals.[5][6] In late October, a new island emerged from the ocean.[7]

Visitor attractions[edit]

Diving, sightseeing, wildlife viewing and volcano trekking are popular activities for tourists and visitors. The islands are uninhabited. [8]

References[edit]