Zubtsov

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Coordinates: 56°10′N 34°35′E / 56.167°N 34.583°E / 56.167; 34.583

Winter in Zubtsov

Zubtsov (Russian: Зубцо́в) is a town and the administrative center of Zubtsovsky District of Tver Oblast, Russia, located at the confluence of the Volga and Vazuza Rivers, 153 kilometers (95 mi) south of Tver, 18 kilometers (11 mi) southeast of Rzhev, and 44 kilometers (27 mi) southwest of Staritsa. Population: 6,927 (2010 Census);[1] 7,430 (2002 Census);[2] 7,630 (1989 Census);[3] 8,100 (1998 est.).

Zubtsov was first mentioned in a chronicle in 1216. In the Middle Ages, it was a border fortress of the Principality of Tver. The Grand Duchy of Moscow annexed it with the rest of the Principality of Tver in 1485. Subsequently, the town was important chiefly as a market for trade in flax. Its Neoclassical cathedral was constructed in 1801.

During the Great Patriotic War, the town was occupied by German troops from 11 October 1941 to 23 August 1942 and almost razed to the ground. It was a place of fierce fighting of the Battle of Rzhev. About 15,000 of Red Army soldiers are buried at the Zubtsov's memorial. The town was revitalized after the Vazuzski Reservoir project was started in the 1970s. The reservoir now provides Moscow with one quarter of its drinking water.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  3. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012.