Zuia

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Zuia's shield

Zuya (Basque: Zuia) is a town and municipality located in the province of Álava, in the Basque Country, northern Spain.

History[edit]

The first news we have about Zuia Valley is in the document Reja de San Millan of the year 1025 (although some authors agree that it is back, probably of the S. XII), a document that exists in the Monastery of San Millan ({La Rioja}). La Reja Monastery de San Millan is a document that every ten neighbors must deliver a grating iron to a religious institution, according to the document, nine bars correspond to Zuia , 13 to Zigoitia, 12 to Kuartango , etc... In 1752, after repeated attempts, the King logrque grant the approval to the establishment of a highway through the valley of Zuia to facilitate the connection of Vitoria and Bilbao. All works were supposed to be completed by the year 1798. In 1763, they decide by vote that they should make a more wide town hall, where Mayor Francisco Vea Murgia. In 1767 the City Council Zuia House was finished. However, in 1795 and after 6 years of short crops and the war with France, the Valley had stayed mired in abject poverty so rhey sold half of the Town Hall, by buying it for 4300 ducats don Domingo Ortiz de Zarate, the pattern of Luquiano, who lived in Murgia.

Geography[edit]

Geographically, it is delimiting with the province of {Bizkaia} (Orozko and Zeanuri) and {Alava} municipalities: Urkabustaiz, {Amurrio}, Zigoitia, Kuartango and {Vitoria-Gasteiz}. Within its limits, it is located a big part of the {Gorbeia} (73.5 km2),with is the most important summits: Gorbea (1,482 m), Nafakorta (1.017m) Burbona (935m) and Berretín (1.226m). Here are born some river like Baias, Ugalde and Larreakorta, which, in its flow (N-S direction), have carved steep watersheds that flow into the valley of Zuia, around river Baias. Although part of the original vegetation of Gorbeia has been cleared, (nowadays occupied by heaths and pine), magnificent beech woods are still in Berretín (Larreakorta), Arlobi, and Ilunbe; an extensive Pyrenean in the ravine of the river Ugalde (Aldamiz, Arazo and Southeast of Berretín); and a strip of Alder groves on the banks of the Baias. But, without a doubt, the best preserved enclave is the beech forest of Altube, where the part of Zuia, has been developed around the canyons that descend from Burbona: the Bortal/Rekandi and Katxandiano. In the area of Zuia Valley, are remain extraordinary oaks next to the Baias (in Bitoriano, Ametzaga Lukiano and Gillerna in Basubitxi and San Fausto), distributed by way of islets between large areas of pasture that occupy the entire Valley of Zuia. Peñas de Oro/Atxabal (896m) and Ganalto (Badaia saw, 900 m.), close the Zuia Valley, sheltering in its slopes beautiful patches of beech and oak. These places offer beautiful views over all Oro, place of great botanical interest, geological (calcareous Islet in the diapiric area of Murgia) and artistic (Sanctuary of Oro).

Economy[edit]

Historically, it has been a town of farming and ranching tradition. In the twentieth century appeared the first industries and today is basically becoming an area of residence. Just like in the rest of the region, livestock and forestry, have been economical activities by excellence in the area. Despite being a sector currently little representative, there are still important farms of sheep and cattle, some of which (Sarria) Idiazabal cheese is made. The beekeeping sector is having increasing importance, with the production of honey and derivatives, which are promoted from the Honey museum in Murgia. The industrial sector is located in the industrial estates of Murgia and Islarra (next to the motorway A-68), with an area of over 100,000 m2 of industrial land. Services are, undoubtedly, the most representative sector of Zuia. The increase of tourism and the sportive activities in contact with nature, have driven this industry in a municipality with a long touristic tradition. Murgia has become a center of services whose sphere of influence goes far beyond municipal boundaries. This way, hosts numerous shops, bars, restaurants, hotels, sports center, technical services, tourist office, etc. But other villages of the Valley also host such services: farmhouses and cottages (Lukiano, Markina and Sarria), bars and restaurants (Bitoriano and Sarria), Zuia Golf Club in Altube, Service Areas in the motorway (restaurant and hotel in Altube), etc.

Villages[edit]

The villages in the municipality are:

  • Ametzaga
  • Aperregi
  • Aretxaga
  • Bitoriano
  • Domaikia
  • Gilierna-Guillerna
  • Jugo
  • Lukiano
  • Markina
  • Murgia, the capital
  • Sarria
  • Zarate
  • Ziorraga
  • Zuia

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°58.9′N 2°50.64′W / 42.9817°N 2.84400°W / 42.9817; -2.84400