It is bordered on the east by Mokokchung district, Kohima district in the south and Wokha district on the west. Headquarters is at Zunheboto. A hilly place, Zunheboto is covered by evergreen forests and surrounded by small streams and rivers.It is home to Satoi Range, surrounded by 10 villages of Satakha sub-division,which is one of the paradise for ornithologists and bird-watchers.This range comes under Important Bird Area as well Endemic Bird Area of India.Many endangered species like Blyth Tragopan, Kalij Pheasent, Peacock Pheasent are still see in this range.
Zunheboto is the home to the Sumi Nagas, a warrior tribe of Nagaland. Head hunting was practiced extensively until the advent of the American missionaries who converted the warriors to Christianity. Today the people are peaceful and hardworking, practicing agriculture as their main occupation.
Today it is home to the Nagaland University whose campus is situated in the village of Lumami in the sub division of Akuluto. This has become the cultural center for the people of Nagaland, as all the Nagas irrespective of tribes come to study.