Zushi, Kanagawa

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Zushi
逗子市
City
Zushi City Hall
Zushi City Hall
Flag of Zushi
Flag
Official seal of Zushi
Seal
Location of Zushi in Kanagawa Prefecture
Location of Zushi in Kanagawa Prefecture
Zushi is located in Japan
Zushi
Zushi
 
Coordinates: 35°17′N 139°35′E / 35.283°N 139.583°E / 35.283; 139.583Coordinates: 35°17′N 139°35′E / 35.283°N 139.583°E / 35.283; 139.583
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Kanagawa Prefecture
Area
 • Total 17.34 km2 (6.70 sq mi)
Population (June 1, 2012)
 • Total 58,087
 • Density 3,350/km2 (8,700/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Camellia
- Flower Tricyrtis hirta
Address 5-2-16 Zushi, Zushi-shi, Kanagawa-ken 249-8686
Website www.city.zushi.kanagawa.jp

Zushi (逗子市 Zushi-shi?) is a city located in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.

As of June 2012, the city has an estimated population of 58,087 and a population density of 3,350 per km². The total area is 17.34 km2 (6.70 sq mi).

Geography[edit]

Zushi is located at the head of Miura Peninsula, facing Sagami Bay on the Pacific Ocean. The city is built on an alluvial plain formed by the Tagoe River (田越川?) and surrounded by low, steep hills.[1]

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

History[edit]

The area of Zushi has been inhabited since prehistoric times, and numerous Kofun period and Yayoi period remains have been discovered. During the Heian period, it came under the control of the Miura clan, and during the Kamakura period formed part of the outer fortifications for Kamakura. The port of Kotsubo is mentioned frequently in the Azuma Kagami. The name 'Zushi' has been written in many different ways, including 豆師・図師・厨子・豆子.[1] The term "zushi" itself means a street, an alley or an intersection and came to the Kantō region from Kyoto.[1] One of its first appearances is in a Hōjō clan document as 豆師. During the Edo period, along with most of eastern Sagami Province, the area was tenryō territory under direct control of the Tokugawa shogunate, and administered by various hatamoto.

In the April 1, 1889, cadastral reform after the Meiji Restoration, Tagoe Village within Miura District Kanagawa Prefecture was created through the merger of six local hamlets. Development of the area was encouraged by the opening of the Yokosuka Line railway on June 16, 1889. Tagoe Village changed its name to Zushi Village on April 1, 1924; however, on April 1, 1943 it was annexed by Yokusuka city. Zushi regained its status as an independent municipality on July 1, 1952, as Zushi Town. City status was gained on April 15, 1954. Zushi developed as a resort area in the 1960s, with the opening of Zushi Marina in 1967. In the mid-1990s, the city was the center of a political controversy involving the creation of a housing area for the United States Navy at Ikego, the site of a former Imperial Japanese Navy ammunition depot, to support the expansion of nearby Yokosuka Naval Base.

Government and politics[edit]

Economy[edit]

Zushi is a popular beach resort, and has attracted many famous writers (e.g. Roka Tokutomi), media personalities (e.g. Yujiro Ishihara and Mino Monta), musicians and politicians (e.g. Shintaro Ishihara) as either a residence or location for a second home. The city is largely a bedroom community for Tokyo and Yokohama.

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Highways[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

Zushi seen from Hosshō-ji. Visible the Yokosuka Line and Sagami Bay
  • Ganden-ji, number two of the Bandō Sanjūsankasho
  • Hosshō-ji, Nichiren-sect temple that is supposed to lie on the spot where Nichiren was rescued from a mob by three white monkeys.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Zushi is twinned with:[citation needed]

Notable people from Zushi[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Nihon Rekishi Chimei Taikei (日本歴史地名大係?), online version. "Zushi" (in Japanese). Heibonsha. Retrieved 2008-11-17. 

External links[edit]