Zutphen County

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Zutphen County
Graafschap Zutphen (nl)
Personal Union with County of Guelders (1138-1339)
and Duchy of Guelders (1339-1591)

1046–1798


Coat of arms

County of Zutphen, about 1350
Capital Zutphen
Government Feudal monarchy
Historical era Middle Ages, Renaissance
 -  Established 1046
 -  Disestablished 1798
History of the Low Countries
............ ...... ............ ..... ..... ..... ..... ............ ...........
Frisii Belgae
Cana-
nefates
[1]
Chamavi, Tubanti[2] Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg Gallia Belgica (55BC-5th c.)
Salian Franks Batavii[3]
unpopulated
(4th-5th c.)
Saxons Salian Franks[4]
(4th-5th c.)
Frisian Kingdom
(6th c.–734)
Frankish Kingdom (481-843) - Carolingian Empire (800-843)
Austrasia (511-687)
Middle Francia (843–855) West
Francia

(843–)
Kingdom of Lotharingia[5] (855– 959)
Duchy of Lower Lorraine[6] (959–)
Frisia Arms of Flanders.svg

Friesland (kleine wapen).svg
Frisian
Free-
dom
[7]
(11–16th
century)
Counts of Holland Arms.svg
County of
Holland
[8]
(880–1432)
Coat of arms of Utrecht city.gif
Bishopric of
Utrecht
[9]
(695–1456)
Royal Arms of Belgium.svg
Duchy of
Brabant
[10]
(1183–1430)
Guelders-Jülich Arms.svg
Duchy of
Guelders
[11]
(1046–1543)
County of
Flanders
[12]
(862–1384)
Hainaut Modern Arms.svg
County of
Hainaut

(1071–1432)
Arms of Namur.svg
County of
Namur

(981–1421)
Armoiries Principauté de Liège.svg
P.-Bish.
of Liège

[13]
(980–1794)
Arms of Luxembourg.svg
Duchy of
Luxem-
bourg

(1059–1443)
  Flag - Low Countries - XVth Century.png
Burgundian Netherlands (1384–1482)
Flag of the Low Countries.svg
Habsburg Netherlands (1482–1795)
(Seventeen Provinces after 1543)[14]
 
Statenvlag.svg
Dutch Republic
(Seven United Netherlands)
(1581–1795)
Flag of the Low Countries.svg
Spanish Netherlands
(1556–1714)
 
  Austrian Low Countries Flag.svg
Austrian Netherlands
(1714–1795)
  Flag of the Brabantine Revolution.svg
United States of Belgium
(1790)
LuikVlag.svg
R. Liège
(1789–'91)
     
Flag of the Batavian Republic.svg
Batavian Republic (1795–1806)
Kingdom of Holland (1806–1810)
Flag of France.svg
part of French First Republic (1795–1804)
part of First French Empire (1804–1815)
   
Flag of the Netherlands.svg
Princip. of the Netherlands (1813–1815)
 
United Kingdom of the Netherlands (1815–1830)


Kingdom of the Netherlands (1839–)
Flag of Belgium.svg
Kingdom of Belgium (1830–)
Flag of Luxembourg.svg
Gr D. L.
(1839–)
Gr D. of
Luxem-
bourg

(1890–)

The County of Zutphen, located in modern-day Gelderland, a province of the Netherlands, was formed in the eleventh century as a fief of the Bishop of Utrecht. It was ruled by the Counts of Zutphen between 1018 and 1182, and then formed a personal union with Guelders. Later, it became one of the 4 quarters of Guelders. The name Graafschap (county) is still used for the Achterhoek, the region east of Zutphen, and for the football club De Graafschap from this region.

Cities[edit]

City Town privileges granted District
Borculo 1375 Heerlijkheid Borculo
Bredevoort 1388 Heerlijkheid Bredevoort
Bronkhorst 1482 Landdrostambt van Zutphen
Doetinchem 1236 Landdrostambt van Zutphen
Doesburg 1237 Richterambt van Doesburg
Groenlo 1277 Gebied van Grol
's-Heerenberg 1379 Bannerij van 's-Heerenberg
Keppel 1404 Landdrostambt van Zutphen
Lichtenvoorde unknown Heerlijkheid Lichtenvoorde
Lochem 1233 Scholtambt van Lochem
Terborg 1419 Bannerij van Wisch
Zutphen 1190 Scholtambt van Zutphen
  • Zevenaar and some of its surroundings were, as being a part of the former Cleves Enclaves, a small district in the Duchy of Cleves.
  1. ^ Roman foederati
  2. ^ The Chamavi merged into the confederation of the Franks; the Tubanti merged into the confederation of the Saxons.
  3. ^ Roman foederati
  4. ^ Roman foederati
  5. ^ Part of East Francia after 939, divided in Upper Lorraine (as part of West Francia) and Lower Lorraine (as part of East Francia) in 959.
  6. ^ Lower Lorraine - also referred to as Lothier - disintegrated into several smaller independent territories and only the title of a "Duke of Lothier" remained, held by Brabant.
  7. ^ Lordship of Frisia and Lordship of Groningen (including the Ommelanden) after 1524 and 1536 respectively.
  8. ^ Including County of Zeeland, that was ruled by neighboring County of Holland and County of Flanders (until 1432).
  9. ^ Utrecht included Lordship of Overijssel (until 1528), County of Drenthe (until 1528) and County of Zutphen (until 1182).
  10. ^ Duchy of Brabant included since 1288 also the Duchy of Limburg (now part of the Belgian Province of Liège) and the "Overmaas" lands Dalhem, Valkenburg and Herzogenrath (now part of the Dutch Province of Limburg).
  11. ^ The county, later duchy, of Guelders consisted of four quarters, as they were separated by rivers: situated upstream Upper Quarter (the present day northern half of the Dutch province of Limburg), spatially separated from the three downstream Lower Quarters: County of Zutphen (after 1182), Veluwe Quarter and Nijmegen Quarter. The three lower quarters emerged from the historic gau Hamaland, and formed the present day province of Gelderland. Guelders did not include the Cleves enclave Huissen and the independent counties of Buren and Culemborg, that were much later seceded to the province of Gelderland.
  12. ^ Including County of Artois (part of Flanders until 1237) and Tournaisis.
  13. ^ Throughout the Middle Ages, the bishopric was further expanded with the Duchy of Bouillon in 1096 (ceded to France in 1678), the acquisition of the county of Loon in 1366 and the county of Horne in 1568. The Lordship of Mechelen was also part of the Prince-Bishopric of Liège.
  14. ^ The name Seventeen Provinces came in use after the Habsburg emperor Charles V had re-acquired the Duchy of Guelders, and an continuous territory arose.