At the end of the Cold War, the Zvezda shipyard was used to decommission Soviet nuclear submarines, with funding and support from the USA and Canada under the Nunn–Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction initiative.
Following the decommissioning work, there were plans to expand and redevelop the shipyard to construct larger new ships. Work on the latest attempt at expansion began in 2009; the Russian government has criticised delays and threatened to hand control of the project to third parties, perhaps including Rosneft and Gazprom. In the longer term, the shipyard may be opened up to foreign investors as part of a broader plan to make the Russian shipbuilding industry capable of competing with shipbuilders in other countries.
When the expansion is complete, the shipyard would be able to build ships up to 360m and 250,000dwt.
- "Zvezda Shipyard Finally Gets New Facilities". Open Source IMINT. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
- "Russian energy majors could take over shipyard project". The Motorship. 33 August 2013. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
- "United Shipbuilding Corporation to risk to lose Zvezda – a super-shipyard may be given to Rosneft and Gazpromnabk". Oil and Gas, Metals and Mining News. 8 August 2013. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
- "Russia on verge of shift to commercial shipbuilding". The Motorship. 16 August 2013. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
- "Russian energy majors could take over shipyard project". The Motorship. 22 August 2013. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
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