Zwettl

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Zwettl
Zwettl-rathaus-viennaphoto-at.jpg
Coat of arms of Zwettl
Coat of arms
Zwettl is located in Austria
Zwettl
Zwettl
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 48°36′12″N 15°10′08″E / 48.60333°N 15.16889°E / 48.60333; 15.16889Coordinates: 48°36′12″N 15°10′08″E / 48.60333°N 15.16889°E / 48.60333; 15.16889
Country Austria
State Lower Austria
District Zwettl
Government
 • Mayor Herbert Prinz (ÖVP)
Area
 • Total 256.07 km2 (98.87 sq mi)
Elevation 520 m (1,710 ft)
Population (1 January 2013)[1]
 • Total 11,110
 • Density 43/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 3910
Area code 02822
Vehicle registration ZT
Website www.zwettl.gv.at

Zwettl is a town and district capital of the Austrian state of Lower Austria. It is chiefly known as the location of Zwettl Abbey, first mentioned in October 1139.

Geography[edit]

Zwettl has a total area of 98.9 square miles (256.7 km²). The town is found in the middle of Waldviertel at the confluence of the Kamp and Zwettl rivers. After Vienna and Wolfsberg in Carinthia, it is the third largest municipality in Austria by area.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1869 12,643 —    
1880 13,121 +3.8%
1890 12,961 −1.2%
1900 13,617 +5.1%
1910 13,585 −0.2%
1923 12,946 −4.7%
1934 12,746 −1.5%
1939 12,806 +0.5%
1951 12,862 +0.4%
1961 11,374 −11.6%
1971 11,677 +2.7%
1981 11,479 −1.7%
1991 11,427 −0.5%
2001 11,630 +1.8%
2011 11,272 −3.1%

History[edit]

Railway Viaduct over Zwettl and the Kamp river

The name originates from Slavic "svetla" meaning "glade". Although the etymology suggests an early population of Slavic people no archeological evidence has been found yet.[2] Zwettl was founded by the knights of Kuenring and was first mentioned in a monastery record in 1139. It was granted town privileges on December 28, 1200. Today, the Cistercian convent in Zwettl houses the only remaining manuscript of the life of Saint Agnes Blannbekin.

People[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistik Austria - Bevölkerung zu Jahres- und Quartalsanfang, 2013-01-01.
  2. ^ "Der Name Zwettl" (in German). Municipal council of Zwettl. Retrieved 2009-02-18. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Zwettl at Wikimedia Commons