Zygomaturus

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Zygomaturus
Temporal range: Pleistocene
Zygomaturus tasmanicus.jpg
Zygomaturus tasmanicus on display
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Infraclass: Marsupialia
Order: Diprotodontia
Suborder: Vombatiformes
Family: Diprotodontidae
Genus: Zygomaturus
Owen, 1858
Species

Zygomaturus diahotensis
Zygomaturus gilli
Zygomaturus keanei
Zygomaturus keani
Zygomaturus tasmanicus
Zygomaturus trilobus

Restoration of Zygomaturus trilobus
Zygomaturus trilobus jaw

Zygomaturus[1] is an extinct giant marsupial from Australia during the Pleistocene. It had a heavy body and thick legs and is believed to be similar to the modern Pygmy Hippopotamus in both size and build.[2] The genus moved on all fours.[2] It lived in the wet coastal margins of Australia and became extinct about 45,000 years ago.[2] Zygomaturus also is believed to have expanded its range toward the interior of the continent along the waterways.[2] It is believed to have lived solitarily or possibly in small herds. Zygomaturus probably ate reeds and sedges by shoveling them up in clumps with its lower incisor teeth.[2]

It was a large sized animal, weighing 500 kg (1100 lbs) or more and standing about 1.5 m (4.9 ft) tall and 2.5 m (8.2 ft) long.[3]

Related species[edit]

 

References[edit]

  1. ^ Literal translation "Big cheekbones"
  2. ^ a b c d e Ellis, Richard (2004). No Turning Back: The Life and Death of Animal Species. New York: Harper Perennial. p. 101. ISBN 0-06-055804-0. 
  3. ^ http://www.megafauna.com.au/view/megafauna/zygomaturus-trilobus/

Further reading[edit]

  • Wildlife of Gondwana: Dinosaurs and Other Vertebrates from the Ancient Supercontinent (Life of the Past) by Pat Vickers Rich, Thomas Hewitt Rich, Francesco Coffa, and Steven Morton
  • Marsupial Nutrition by Ian D. Hume
  • Prehistoric Mammals of Australia and New Guinea: One Hundred Million Years of Evolution by John A. Long, Michael Archer, Timothy Flannery, and Suzanne Hand
  • Life of Marsupials by Hugh Tyndale-Biscoe
  • Magnificent Mihirungs: The Colossal Flightless Birds of the Australian Dreamtime (Life of the Past) by Peter F. Murray, Patricia Vickers-Rich, and Pat Vickers Rich
  • Classification of Mammals by Malcolm C. McKenna and Susan K. Bell
  • Australia's Lost World: Prehistoric Animals of Riversleigh by Michael Archer, Suzanne J. Hand, and Henk Godthelp
  • World Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs & Prehistoric Creatures: The Ultimate Visual Reference To 1000 Dinosaurs And Prehistoric Creatures Of Land, Air And Sea ... And Cretaceous Eras (World Encyclopedia) by Dougal Dixon
  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Prehistoric Life by Dougal Dixon

External links[edit]