Żyrardów

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Zyrardow)
Jump to: navigation, search
Żyrardów
Gothic revival church in Żyrardów
Gothic revival church in Żyrardów
Flag of Żyrardów
Flag
Coat of arms of Żyrardów
Coat of arms
Żyrardów is located in Poland
Żyrardów
Żyrardów
Coordinates: 52°3′N 20°26′E / 52.050°N 20.433°E / 52.050; 20.433
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Masovian
County Żyrardów County
Gmina Żyrardów (urban gmina)
Established 1830
Town rights 1916
Government
 • Mayor Andrzej Wilk
Area
 • Total 14.35 km2 (5.54 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 41,161
 • Density 2,900/km2 (7,400/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 96-300
Area code(s) +48 046
Car plates WZY
Website http://www.zyrardow.pl

Żyrardów [ʐɨˈrarduf] ( ) is a town in central Poland with 41,400 inhabitants (2006). It is situated in the Masovian Voivodship (since 1999); previously, it was in Skierniewice Voivodship (1975–1998) 45 kilometres (28 miles) west of Warsaw. It is the capital of Żyrardów County. Żyrardów is located on the Pisia Gągolina river.

Education[edit]

  • Szkoła Mistrzostwa Sportowego w Kolarstwie
  • Wyższa Szkoła Rozwoju Lokalnego
  • Liceum Ogólnokształcące im. Stefana Żeromskiego

History[edit]

Founded by the Łubienski brothers as a textile factory in 1833. One of directors of the factory was French inventor Philippe de Girard (from Lourmarin). The town developed during the 19th century into a significant textile mill city in Poland. In honour of Girard, Ruda Guzowska was renamed to Żyrardów, a toponym derived of the polonised spelling of Girard's name. On September 13, 1939 Nazis captured the town. In 1941 they transported Jews into Warsaw ghetto. The town museum is nowadays located in the former palace of owner of factory K. Dittrich.

A sign near the entrance to the town states that it was the only city in Europe, entirely set up for a factory (jedyna w Europie osada fabryczna).

The town was named one of Poland's official national Historic Monuments (Pomnik historii), as designated January 17, 2012. Its listing is maintained by the National Heritage Board of Poland.

Monuments[edit]

Winter panorama of main square

Most of Żyrardów's monuments are located in the manufacturing's settlement which dates from the 19th and early 20th centuries. It's widely believed that Żyrardów's settlement is the only saved as a whole urbanist complex industrial town from 19th-century in Europe.

Famous people[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Żyrardów is twinned with:

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°04′N 20°26′E / 52.067°N 20.433°E / 52.067; 20.433