Alessandra Buonanno

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Alessandra Buonanno
Porträt Alessandra Buonanno.jpg
Buonanno in 2016
Born1968
NationalityItalian and American
Alma materUniversity of Pisa
AwardsDirac Medal and Prize of ICTP (2021)

U.S. National Academy of Sciences (2021)

German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina (2021)

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (2018)
Scientific career
FieldsGravitational waves
InstitutionsMax Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics (Albert Einstein Institute)

University of Maryland, College Park

Astroparticle and Cosmology Laboratory, Paris

Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris
Websitehttps://www.aei.mpg.de/alessandra-buonanno

Alessandra Buonanno is an Italian naturalized-American theoretical physicist and director at the Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics (Albert Einstein Institute)[1] in Potsdam. She is the head of the "Astrophysical and Cosmological Relativity" department.[2] She holds a research professorship[3] at the University of Maryland, College Park, and honorary professorships at the Humboldt University in Berlin,[4] and the University of Potsdam.[5] She is a leading member of the LIGO Scientific Collaboration,[6] which observed gravitational waves from a binary black-hole merger in 2015.[7]

Early life and education[edit]

Buonanno earned her MSc in 1993, and she completed her PhD in theoretical physics at the University of Pisa in 1996.[8] After a brief period spent at the theory division of CERN, she held a postdoctoral position at the Institut des Hautes Etudes Scientifiques (IHES) in France and the R.C. Tolman Prize Fellowship at the California Institute of Technology.[9]

Career and research[edit]

Buonanno became a permanent researcher (Chargée de 1ere classe, CR1) in 2001 at the Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris (IAP) and then at the Astroparticle and Cosmology Laboratory (APC) in Paris with the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) before joining the University of Maryland as a physics professor in 2005.[3] She moved to the Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics in 2014.[10]

Buonanno was a Kavli Fellow at the Kavli Frontiers of Science Japanese-American Symposium of the National Academy of Sciences in 2007.[11] She was the William and Flora Hewlett Fellow at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard University, from 2011 to 2012.[12] She was a Distinguished Visiting Research Chair at the Perimeter Institute from 2014 to 2020.[13]

Buonanno's work with Thibault Damour of reducing the two-body problem in general relativity to an effective one-body formalism,[14][15] and her research at the intersection of analytical-relativity modeling[16][17][18] and numerical relativity simulations were employed to observe gravitational waves from merging binary black holes for the first time, and infer their astrophysical and cosmological properties.[7][19][20] Beyond her core expertise in modeling gravitational waves from compact-object binary systems, Buonanno, in collaboration with Yanbei Chen, computed the quantum-optical noise in the advanced-LIGO gravitational-wave detectors,[21][22] and showed that quantum correlations between photon shot noise and radiation-pressure noise (i.e., the optical-spring effect) can circumvent constraints imposed by the Heisenberg uncertainty principle in those detectors.[citation needed]

Awards and honors[edit]

Awards as member of the LIGO Scientific Collaboration[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "New director at the Albert Einstein Institute: Prof. Alessandra Buonanno has accepted position at the Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics in Potsdam, Germany". Press release of the Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics, 16 January 2014. Archived from the original on 18 September 2016. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  2. ^ "Astrophysical and Cosmological Relativity (Potsdam)". Webpage of A. Buonanno’s division at the Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics. Archived from the original on 8 September 2018. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  3. ^ a b Suplee, Anne. "Buonanno, Alessandra – UMD Physics". Webpage of A. Buonanno at the University of Maryland. Archived from the original on 19 September 2015. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  4. ^ gilse. "Special Colloquium for the Awarding of an Honorary Professorship to Prof. Dr. Alessandra Buonanno (Albert Einstein Institute, Potsdam) — Department of Physics". www.physik.hu-berlin.de. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  5. ^ "Universität Potsdam – Institut für Physik und Astronomie". Contact information of A. Buonanno on Potsdam University webpage. Archived from the original on 8 June 2020. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  6. ^ "LIGO Scientific Collaboration Directory". A. Buonanno's LIGO group in the LSC member roster. Archived from the original on 28 July 2020. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  7. ^ a b Abbot, B.P. (2016). "Observation of Gravitational Waves from a Binary Black Hole Merger". Phys. Rev. Lett. 116 (6): 061102. arXiv:1602.03837. Bibcode:2016PhRvL.116f1102A. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.061102. PMID 26918975.
  8. ^ a b "DFG, German Research Foundation – Prof. Dr. Alessandra Buonanno". Website of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft about A. Buonanno. Archived from the original on 3 February 2018. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  9. ^ "Postdoctoral Fellows of the Burke Institute". List of postdoctoral fellows at Burke Institute/Caltech. Archived from the original on 3 August 2020. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  10. ^ "Buonanno, Alessandra". A. Buonanno on the Max Planck Society's website. Archived from the original on 28 June 2015. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  11. ^ "Alessandra Buonanno". www.nasonline.org. Retrieved 20 August 2021.
  12. ^ "Alessandra Buonanno". Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard University. Retrieved 20 August 2021.
  13. ^ "Reports and audits | Perimeter Institute". perimeterinstitute.ca. Retrieved 20 August 2021.
  14. ^ Buonanno, Alessandra; Damour, Thibault (1999). "Effective-one-body approach to general relativistic two-body dynamics". Phys. Rev. D. 59 (8): 084006. arXiv:gr-qc/9811091. Bibcode:1999PhRvD..59h4006B. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.59.084006. hdl:11858/00-001M-0000-0019-8ADF-8. S2CID 14951569.
  15. ^ Buonanno, Alessandra; Damour, Thibault (2000). "Transition from inspiral to plunge in binary black hole coalescences". Phys. Rev. D. 62 (60415): 064015. arXiv:gr-qc/0001013. Bibcode:2000PhRvD..62f4015B. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.62.064015. hdl:11858/00-001M-0000-0019-8AD4-D. S2CID 18247018.
  16. ^ Buonanno, Alessandra; Cook, G.; Pretorius, F. (2007). "Inspiral, merger and ring-down of equal-mass black-hole binary". Phys. Rev. D. 75 (124018): 124018. arXiv:gr-qc/0610122. Bibcode:2007PhRvD..75l4018B. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.75.124018. S2CID 53578705.
  17. ^ Barausse, E.; Buonanno, Alessandra (2010). "An improved effective-one-body Hamiltonian for spinning black-hole binaries". Phys. Rev. D. 81 (64024): 084024. arXiv:0912.3517. Bibcode:2010PhRvD..81h4024B. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.81.084024. S2CID 119102991.
  18. ^ Taracchini, A. (2014). "Effective-one-body model for black-hole binaries with generic mass ratios and spins". Phys. Rev. D. 89 (61502): 061502. arXiv:1311.2544. Bibcode:2014PhRvD..89f1502T. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.89.061502. hdl:11858/00-001M-0000-0023-F6AF-7. S2CID 32703759.
  19. ^ Abbot, B.P. (2016). "Tests of general relativity with GW150914". Phys. Rev. Lett. 116 (22): 221101. arXiv:1602.03841. Bibcode:2016PhRvL.116v1101A. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.221101. PMID 27314708.
  20. ^ Abbot, B.P. (2016). "GW151226: Observation of Gravitational Waves from a 22-Solar-Mass Binary Black-Hole Coalescence". Phys. Rev. Lett. 116 (241103): 241103. arXiv:1606.04855. Bibcode:2016PhRvL.116x1103A. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.241103. PMID 27367379.
  21. ^ Buonanno, Alessandra; Chen, Yanbei (2001). "Quantum noise in second generation, signal recycled laser interferometric gravitational wave detectors". Phys. Rev. D. 64 (42006): 042006. arXiv:gr-qc/0102012. Bibcode:2001PhRvD..64d2006B. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.64.042006. hdl:11858/00-001M-0000-0019-84A2-2. S2CID 9280888.
  22. ^ Buonanno, Alessandra; Chen, Yanbei (2002). "Signal recycled laser interferometer gravitational wave detectors as optical springs". Phys. Rev. D. 65 (42001): 042001. arXiv:gr-qc/0107021. Bibcode:2002PhRvD..65d2001B. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.65.042001. hdl:11858/00-001M-0000-0018-FEFA-1. S2CID 10231808.
  23. ^ "Alessandra Buonanno receives the 2022 Tomalla Prize". www.aei.mpg.de. Retrieved 10 October 2022.
  24. ^ "Tomalla Prize ceremony at the University of Geneva – 14 October". CERN. Retrieved 10 October 2022.
  25. ^ "THE 2021 BALZAN PRIZEWINNERS". Milano Zurigo. Retrieved 15 December 2021.
  26. ^ Dirac Medal of the ICTP 2021
  27. ^ "2021 NAS Election". www.nasonline.org. Retrieved 17 May 2021.
  28. ^ "List of Members". Nationale Akademie der Wissenschaften Leopoldina. Retrieved 20 August 2021.
  29. ^ "Alessandra Buonanno – Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften". www.bbaw.de. Retrieved 20 August 2021.
  30. ^ Cuicchio, Francesca. ""GALILEO GALILEI MEDAL" AWARD". home.infn.it. Retrieved 20 August 2021.
  31. ^ "Information about the Benjamin Lee Professorship on the Webpage of the Asia Pacific Center for Theoretical Physics". www.apctp.org. Archived from the original on 13 August 2021. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  32. ^ Pyanoe, Steffi (14 March 2018). "Alessandra Buonanno erhält Leibniz-Preis. Deutschlands wichtigster Forschungspreis geht nach Potsdam". Potsdamer Neueste Nachrichten. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  33. ^ Harmsen, Torsten (15 March 2018). "Modellfrau der Physik. Die Potsdamer Gravitationsexpertin Alessandra Buonanno erhält den Leibniz-Preis mit 2,5 Millionen Euro". Berliner Zeitung: 17.
  34. ^ "Der Niedersächsische Staatspreis | Portal Niedersachsen". www.niedersachsen.de. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  35. ^ Hilbig, Bärbel (3 June 2016). "Staatspreis geht an Gravitationswellenforscher". Hannoversche Allgemeine (in German). Hanover. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  36. ^ "Alessandra Buonanno Named 2011 APS Fellow – UMD Physics". umdphysics.umd.edu. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  37. ^ "Fellows of the International Society on General Relativity and Gravitation". www.isgrg.org. Archived from the original on 14 February 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  38. ^ "Awards – UMD Physics". umdphysics.umd.edu. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  39. ^ "Past Fellows". sloan.org. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  40. ^ "The SIGRAV Prizes . SIGRAV". SIGRAV. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  41. ^ "Group Award (A)". The Royal Astronomical Society. Retrieved 20 August 2021.
  42. ^ "Einstein Society | Einsteinhaus Bern". www.einstein-bern.ch. Retrieved 20 August 2021.
  43. ^ IT, Developed with webControl CMS by Intermark. "Rainer Weiss, Kip S. Thorne, Barry C. Barish and LIGO Scientific Collaboration - Laureates - Princess of Asturias Awards". The Princess of Asturias Foundation. Retrieved 20 August 2021.
  44. ^ "HEAD Rossi Prize Goes to Gabriela González & LIGO Team | American Astronomical Society". aas.org. Retrieved 20 August 2021.
  45. ^ "Science Magazine's Breakthrough of the Year: 2016 - News - Science NetLinks". sciencenetlinks.com. Retrieved 20 August 2021.
  46. ^ "2016 Gruber Cosmology Prize | Gruber Foundation". gruber.yale.edu. Retrieved 20 August 2021.

External links[edit]