Deutsches Romantik-Museum

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Deutsches Romantik-Museum
Romantik Museum, Frankfurt, 3 Häuser.jpg
Three-fold facade with Blauer Erker
Established2021
LocationGroßer Hirschgraben 21, Frankfurt, Germany
TypeCulture museum
Websitedeutsches-romantik-museum.de
Entrance of the museum

The Deutsches Romantik-Museum is a museum dedicated to German Romanticism, located in the Innenstadt area of Frankfurt, Germany.

The museum opened in September 2021 and is managed by the Freies Deutsches Hochstift, which also operates the adjoining Goethe House. The collection consists of manuscripts, letters, paintings and other objects which the Hochstift has accumulated since 1863.

The Deutsches-Romantik Museum is the first museum of its kind, focusing on major achievements during the entire Romantic era, rather than only on a specific region or individual.[1][2]

History[edit]

The Freies Deutsches Hochstift was founded in 1859 with the purpose of advancing public education. Its founder, Otto Volger, acquired Goethe's birthplace for the Hochstift in 1863.[3] The Hochstift started its collection of 18th and 19th century paintings in 1863[4] and its collection of Romantic material in 1911.[5] Ernst Beutler, the Hochstift’s director from 1925 to 1960,[6] expanded the collection by purchasing the manuscripts of Achim and Bettina von Arnim and Novalis. Beutler wanted to open a museum to display them in the house of the Brentano family [de] in Große Sandgasse, but that building was destroyed by bombing in World War II.[5]

In 2012, the Börsenverein des Deutschen Buchhandels departed its premises at Großer Hirschgraben 17–21 (the plot adjacent to the Goethe House), which presented the opportunity for the Hochstift to take over the property.[1] When the city of Frankfurt withdrew from financing the project, the art dealer Karsten Greve donated 1 million Euro towards the building.[7][8]

An architecture competition was initiated in October 2013, called Goethehöfe [de], with 15 groups invited to participate. In June 2014, three of them were awarded second prizes with the request to finish their proposals within two months.[9] On 24 September 2014, the jury decided to combine two designs, giving the courts to the Landes & Partner [de], and the new museum building to Christoph Mäckler [de].[9]

Construction began on 13 June 2016, and the museum opened on 14 September 2021.[1][10][11]

The museum's permanent collection features paintings by Caspar David Friedrich and other Romantic painters. Manuscripts and letters feature prominently in the collection. The museum is unique in its focus spanning the German Romantic era as a whole[2] and holds the largest collection related to German Romanticism worldwide.[1]

In August 2022, the museum's first temporary exhibition opened under the name "Zeichnen im Zeitalter Goethes" ("Drawing in Goethe's Time"), which displays drawings by well-known artists such as Henry Fuseli and Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein from the Freies Deutsches Hochstift's collection.[12][13]

Architecture[edit]

Architect Christoph Mäckler had to solve the problem of designing a building for exhibits which required protection from exposure to light,[14] while avoiding the creation of a windowless facade next to the historic Goethe House. His facade resembles three houses, each with one large window and an entrance. Behind the facade there is a straight staircase which rises up three floors, shielding the exhibition rooms behind it from daylight. The stairs are called Himmelstreppe ("stairway to heaven") because they appear "endless" through an optical illusion.[citation needed] The colour blue, symbolising the Blaue Blume of the Romantic era, dominates there and is used for other accents such as the Blauer Erker, a bay towards the street with windows of blue glass.[15] The architecture of the new building has been described as "spectacular", while the stairway to heaven has been called "a work of art in its own right".[14] The third floor offers a view of the Frankfurt skyline, making the Paulskirche, the Cathedral, and the European Central Bank appear as though they are positioned next to one another.[1]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Troschke, Antonia (27 August 2021). "5 Gründe, warum Sie das Frankfurter Romantik-Museum besuchen sollten". Hessenschau (in German). Retrieved 14 July 2022.
  2. ^ a b Landsberg, Torsten (16 September 2021). "Wofür steht die Deutsche Romantik?". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 1 August 2022.
  3. ^ Plachta, Bodo (6 August 2012). "4 Remembrance and Revision: Goethe's Houses in Weimar and Frankfurt". In Hendrix, Harald (ed.). Writers' Houses and the Making of Memory. Taylor & Francis. p. 55. ISBN 978-1-135-90805-8.
  4. ^ Perels, Christoph (1994). "Das Frankfurter Goethe-Museum. Vom Gedenkzimmer zur Galerei der Goethezeit". Das Frankfurter Goethe-Museum zu Gast im Städel (in German). Mainz: Verlag Hermann Schmidt. pp. 8–17. ISBN 3-87439-311-9.
  5. ^ a b Hintermeier, Hannes (4 January 2011). "Holt die Romantiker aus dem Keller!". FAZ (in German). p. 31.
  6. ^ "Beutler, Ernst Rudolf". Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen. 15 April 2021. Retrieved 15 July 2022.
  7. ^ "In Frankfurt wird das Deutsche Romantik-Museum gebaut". Badische Zeitung (in German). 5 March 2014. p. 31. Retrieved 21 February 2016.
  8. ^ Michels, Anja (10 September 2013). "Versuch's mal bei Privat". Frankfurter Rundschau (in German). Retrieved 12 February 2016.
  9. ^ a b Maak, Niklas (26 September 2014). "Entscheidung über Romantik-Museum / Es wird ein Zwitter". FAZ (in German). p. 38. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
  10. ^ "Deutsches Romantik-Museum". museumsufer.de. 2022. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  11. ^ "Deutsches Romantik-Museum. "Die Realisation einer historischen Chance"". journal-frankfurt.de (in German). 27 August 2021. Retrieved 27 August 2021.
  12. ^ "Zeichnen im Zeitalter Goethes". Freies Deutsches Hochstift. Retrieved 5 September 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  13. ^ "Zeichnen im Zeitalter Goethes". Frankfurt Live. Retrieved 5 September 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  14. ^ a b Fittkau, Ludger (26 August 2021). "Sehenswerte Sammlung in spektakulärem Neubau" (in German). deutschlandfunkkultur.de. Retrieved 15 September 2021.
  15. ^ "Das Geheimnis des Blauen Erkers – Architekt Mäckler über den Neubau für das Romantik-Museum". Hessenschau (in German). 13 September 2021. Retrieved 15 September 2021.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°06′39″N 8°40′39″E / 50.110932°N 8.677505°E / 50.110932; 8.677505