Francisco de Melo
|Died||18 December 1651 (aged 54 or 53)|
|Years of service||1638–1645|
|Battles/wars||Thirty Years' War|
Dom Francisco de Melo (1597 – 18 December 1651) was a Portuguese nobleman who served as a Spanish general during the Thirty Years' War.
Francisco was born in Estremoz, Portugal. From 1632 to 1636 he was the Spanish ambassador to the Republic of Genoa. In 1638, Francisco was appointed viceroy of Sicily, and two years later he was ambassador in Vienna. He was appointed as an understudy of Marquess of Leganés.
Francisco was defeated at the Battle of Rocroi in 1643.[a] In August 1644, Francisco returned to Spain and was appointed to the council of state and royal military adviser by Philip IV of Spain.
- Parker states, incorrectly, that Francisco was recalled in disgrace following his loss at Rocroi.
- Guthrie, William P. (2003). The Later Thirty Years War: From the Battle of Wittstock to the Treaty of Westphalia. Greenwood Press.
- Hanlon, Gregory (2016). Italy 1636: Cemetery of Armies. Oxford University Press.
- van Nimwegen, Olaf (2010). The Dutch Army and the Military Revolutions, 1588-1688. The Boydell Press.
- Stradling, R. A. (1994). Spain's struggle for Europe, 1598-1668. Bloomsbury Academic.
- Watanabe-O'Kelly, Helen (2010). Europa Triumphans: Court and Civic Festivals in Early Modern Europe. Ashgate Publishing.