Jin-Roh: The Wolf Brigade
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Hiroyuki Okiura|
|Written by||Mamoru Oshii|
Kerberos Panzer Cop|
by Mamoru Oshii
|Narrated by||Yoshisada Sakaguchi|
|Music by||Hajime Mizoguchi|
|Edited by||Shūichi Kakesu|
|Distributed by||Bandai Visual|
Jin-Roh (人狼 Jinrō, lit. "Man-Wolf"), also known as Jin-Roh: The Wolf Brigade in its American release, is a 1999 Japanese animated thriller directed by Hiroyuki Okiura. The film is the third adaptation of Mamoru Oshii's Kerberos saga manga, Kerberos Panzer Cop, after the two live-action films: The Red Spectacles and StrayDog: Kerberos Panzer Cops released in 1987 and 1991 in Japanese theaters.
The film follows Kazuki Fuse, a member of a special police unit during the alternate history 1950s Japanese riots. Failing to follow an order to execute a frightened young girl only to see her commit suicide by detonating an improvised explosive device before his very eyes, Kazuki is put on trial and sent back to the training camp for re-evaluation. Visiting the grave of the suicide, he meets Kei, the girl's sister, who doesn't hold Kazuki responsible for her demise. The film proceeds as the two develop a peculiar relationship.
Mamoru Oshii, the creator of the Kerberos saga, had desired to make Jin-Roh years earlier as a live-action film. However, Oshii decided that the film would be animated, and hired Okiura to direct the film and Production I.G to produce the film. The film premiered on November 17, 1999, in France, and Bandai Entertainment licensed the film for an English-language release in North America and Europe. It has been relicensed for Blu-ray/DVD in North America by Discotek Media.
The story is set in a parallel 1950s Japan, in which Germany has conquered Japan. It focuses on Kazuki Fuse, a member of the elite Kerberos Panzer Cops, a metropolitan antiterror unit. Fuse confronts his own humanity when he fails to shoot a young female terrorist. The girl detonates a bomb in front of him, only killing herself. The incident damages the reputation of the unit and Kazuki is punished. He visits the ashes of the dead girl and meets Kei Amemiya, who claims to be the elder sister of the terrorist. They develop a relationship. Kei is eventually revealed to not be the suicide bomber's sister but instead a former bomb courier and a honey trap acting on behalf of the Special Unit's rival division Public Security.
A trap is set up where Kei calls Kazuki one night to say that strange men are following her. It is in fact a Capitol Police joint operation with the Public Security Division intended to discredit the Special Unit, showing a terrorist passing a satchel bomb to a Panzer Cop. Kazuki sneaks in, seizes Kei – neutralizing Capitol Police agents – and gets out of the place with the Public Security Division agents in hot pursuit. Eventually they throw off their pursuers.
They make their way to the sewers once more, where they are met by members of the Wolf Brigade – a secret, deep-cover unit in the Kerberos Corps led by Hajime Handa. They greet Kazuki and give him a full set of armor and weaponry, before leaving with Kei in tow. It is explained to Kei that the whole affair has been a plot within a plot, as the Wolf Brigade has used Public Security Division's plan to flush out those who were most active in trying to eliminate the Kerberos Corps, and eliminate them in turn. After following the tracking device, Public Security agents make their way to the sewers. They attempt to find Kazuki, without realizing that they are heading into a trap. Kazuki slaughters them all.
Eventually, the Wolf Brigade and Kei end up at a junkyard to dispose of the bodies. Kazuki interrupts an order to kill Kei given by his former drill sergeant, also a member of the Wolf Brigade, who intends to ensure she is never recaptured by Public Security. In desperation, Kei embraces Kazuki and recites the dialogue of Red Riding Hood, remarking on the grotesque appearance of the wolf disguised as a loved one. Kazuki is distraught, but kills Kei anyway, annihilating the last traces of his own humanity. Satisfied, the old sergeant solemnly compares Kei's fate to the demise of Red Riding Hood, alluding to the tale's main point: The inevitable ruination of naive girls.
- Yoshikatsu Fujiki (Michael Dobson in the English version) as Corporal Kazuki Fuse
- Sumi Mutoh (Moneca Stori in the English version) as Kei Amemiya
- Hiroyuki Kinoshita (Colin Murdock in the English version) as Atsushi Henmi
- Eri Sendai (Maggie Blue O'Hara in the English version) as Nanami Agawa
- Kenji Nakagawa (French Tickner in the English version) as Isao Aniya
- Kousei Hirota (Dale Wilson in the English version) as Bunmei Muroto
- Ryuichi Horibe (Ron Halder in the English version) as Shiroh Tatsumi
- Yukihiro Yoshida (Michael Kopsa in the English version) as Hajime Handa
- Tamio Ōki as Capo Officer
- Yoshisada Sakaguchi (Doug Abrahams in the English version) as Hachiroh Tohbe
Mamoru Oshii had wanted to do Jin-Roh several years prior, and was about to propose the project to Bandai Visual at a meeting. However, they offered him to a job he could not turn down, so the project was put on back burner. The film he ended up making instead was Ghost in the Shell. In the end though, the condition set by Bandai Visual to produce the film was for Mamoru Oshii not to direct it, after the two live versions of the series, The Red Spectacles and StrayDog: Kerberos Panzer Cops, did not perform to expectations. So he offered the job to Hiroyuki Okiura, the animation supervisor who criticized Oshii's handling of accuracy in stage setting during the famed museum sequence featured in Ghost in the Shell. The only thing Mamoru Oshii did after writing the script was to write up additional agitation speech for the opening protest scene, just before the dubbing. He happened to be in the same building for re-mastering of Patlabor 2: The Movie.
Jin-Roh was originally planned to be the third and final live-action feature film of the Kerberos trilogy, but its production wasn't possible until 1994, while Oshii was already working on Ghost in the Shell. As the filmmaker wasn't able to produce two films in the same time but didn't want someone else to direct his final episode, Oshii decided that the third episode would be an anime instead. He committed Jin-Roh as a debut film to a trusted young collaborator, Hiroyuki Okiura for he worked on animation movies such as Ghost in the Shell (character designer) and Patlabor 2: The Movie.
The film's musical score was composed by Hajime Mizoguchi.
Although some believe the movie makes use of rotoscoping for many characters' movements, director Hiroyuki Okiura, interviewed in the Japanese special edition DVD box set, claims that he does not employ the technique. This is consistent with the realistic human animation featured in his other works.
The film's theme focuses on what happened to Japan years after Germany ended occupation of the country in the 1950s and 60s.
- 2000.06: Jin-Roh Behind Of The Screen (official making book)
- 2000.09: Jin-Roh Maniaxx (mook -magazine/book-)
- 2000.12: Jin-Roh Screenboard Book (official storyboard)
- Japanese text, 522p., Hiroyuki Okiura, Production I.G
- available in the L.E. DVD set only
- 2000.06: Jin-Roh Original Motion Picture Soundtrack (CD)
- Hajime Mizoguchi feat. Gabriela Robin, Members of Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Victor Ent. VICL-60569
- Bandai Ent.
- available in the L.E. DVD set only
Hyper commends the film for its "art direction and character design which are beautiful examples of hand-drawn animation and the music fits the action (or lack thereof) brilliantly. However, the film's "slow, deliberate pace" is criticised. Helen McCarthy in 500 Essential Anime Movies called the anime "a must-see" and praised the score and the design, commenting on "some breathtakingly composed scenes".
A South Korean live-action remake titled Illang: The Wolf Brigade directed by Kim Jee-woon updates the setting from Japan to a dystopian South Korea, where the plot will revolve around plans to unite the two Koreas. The film will star Gang Dong-won, Han Hyo-joo, and Jung Woo-sung, and is released on July 15, 2018.
|Fant-Asia Film Festival||1999||2nd||Best Asian Film||Best Asian Film|
|Fantasporto||1999||Won||Fantasia Section Award||Best Film – Animation|
|Fantasporto||1999||Won||International Fantasy Film Special Jury Award||Special Jury Award|
|Fantasporto||1999||Nominated||International Fantasy Film Award||Best Film|
|Yubari International Fantastic Film Festival ||2000||Won||Minami Toshiko Award||International Competition|
|Mainichi Film Concours||2000||Won||Mainichi Film Concours||Best Animated Film|
|Japanese Professional Movie Awards||2001||Won||Special Award||Special Award|
- Discotek Media - Tijdlijnfoto's. Facebook. Retrieved on 2014-05-12.
- "Warner Bros. and KIM Jee-woon Team Up Once More on JIN-ROH Remake". www.koreanfilm.or.kr.
- "KIM Jee-woon's Sci-fi Action INRANG Starts Shooting in August". Koreanfilm.or.kr. 2017-07-28. Retrieved 2018-05-06.
- Dan42's JIN-ROH lair (Interviews). Dan42.com. Retrieved on 2014-05-12.
- Making Of Jin-Roh interview featured in the Jin-Roh DVD published by CTV Int'l
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-04-24. Retrieved 2014-08-27.
- "Jin-Roh: The Wolf Brigade". Hyper. Next Media (166): 84. August 2007. ISSN 1320-7458.
- McCarthy, Helen. 500 Essential Anime Movies: The Ultimate Guide. — Harper Design, 2009. — P. 67. — 528 p. — ISBN 978-0061474507
- "Cast Set For Korean "Jin-Roh" Remake".
- "Jin-roh : "The Wolf Brigade" Set for Unexpected Korean Remake". 17 September 2017.
- "Korean Live-Action Jin-Roh Film Aims to Cast Actress Han Hyo-joo".
- "KIM Jee-woon's Sci-fi Action Drama INRANG Completes 8 Months of Filming". Koreanfilm.or.kr. Retrieved 2018-05-06.
- "YUBARI INTERNATIONAL FANTASTIC FILM FESTIVAL 2000". yubarifanta.com. Archived from the original on 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2009-09-20.
- Gordon, Andrew (2003). A Modern History of Japan: From Tokugawa Times to the Present. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-511060-9.
- Gustav Horn, Carl (2002). "Frontiers of Total Filmmaking: Mamoru Oshii Creator of Jin-Roh." Pamphlet from DVD. Jin-Roh: the Wolf Brigade Special Edition.
- Ruh, Brian (2004). Stray Dog of Anime: The Films of Mamoru Oshii. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 1-4039-6334-7.