Yangpu District

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Yangpu

杨浦区
Wujiaochang (五角场)
Wujiaochang (五角场)
Location within Shanghai
Location within Shanghai
Coordinates: 31°15′35″N 121°31′33″E / 31.2598°N 121.5257°E / 31.2598; 121.5257Coordinates: 31°15′35″N 121°31′33″E / 31.2598°N 121.5257°E / 31.2598; 121.5257Yangpu government
CountryPeople's Republic of China
MunicipalityShanghai
Government
 • District GovernorJin Xinming (CCP)
Area
 • Total60.61 km2 (23.40 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)[3]
 • Total1,313,222
 • Density22,000/km2 (56,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard Time)
Websitewww.shyp.gov.cn
Chinese names
Yangpu District
Traditional Chinese楊浦
Simplified Chinese杨浦
Literal meaningPoplar Bank District
Yangshupu
Traditional Chinese楊樹浦
Simplified Chinese杨树浦
PostalYangtzepoo
Yangtszepoo
Literal meaningPoplar Tree Bank

Yangpu District is one of the 16 districts of Shanghai. It is located in northeastern part of downtown Shanghai, bordering the Huangpu River on the east and south, Hongkou District on the west, and Baoshan District on the north. The southern part of Yangpu District is 4 km (2.5 mi) away from the Bund, a major tourist attraction. It is predominantly composed of residential communities, with a total area of 60.61 km2 (23.40 sq mi)[2] and a population of 1.313 million as of 2010.[3] The whole district is divided administratively into 11 resident subdistricts and 1 town.[2]

Name[edit]

The name Yangshupu, formerly romanized as Yangtzepoo or Yangtszepoo, is Chinese for "poplar bank" and refers to the creek (t 楊樹浦, s 杨树浦, p Yángshùpǔ Hé) running through the area beside present-day Lanzhou Rd (formerly Lay Road)[4] from the Qiu River in the north to the Huangpu River in the south. The Shanghai Municipal Government contracted the name to Yangpu in 1949.

History[edit]

As with most of modern Shanghai, the territory of Yangpu has been formed by sediments deposited by the Yangtze River over many centuries. It was probably in the shallows of the East China Sea as late as the Tang Dynasty. During the Northern Song, the Wuyu River (吴淤江) entered the sea somewhere around modern Wujiaochang (五角场). Daoist and Buddhist temples are known to have been established in the vicinity around this time. In 1404, the Huangpu River shifted to its present course, entering the Yangtze River around Wusong. Toward the end of the Ming Dynasty, villages along the river flourished, engaging in agriculture, banking, textiles and water-borne trade.

In 1842, the Treaty of Nanking opened Shanghai as a treaty port. In 1899, 10.89 km2 (4.20 sq mi) of what is now the south of modern Yangpu District was partitioned to become part of the International Settlement. Factories were constructed soon after in the area, especially along Yangshupu Road. Textile, paper-making, and shipbuilding industries were established by the early 20th century in what was then organized as part of Hongkew (now Hongkou). In 1929, the Wujiaochang farmers' market ("Pentagon Plaza") was constructed in the north. Later, during the Japanese occupation from 1937 to 1945, barracks and houses were built in the area. The inland part of the former International Settlement in the area made up part of the Shanghai Ghetto. In December 1944, Yangshupu District was established with an area of 7.7 km2 (3.0 sq mi).

Following the Communist conquest of Shanghai in 1949, the area was developed and, over the next few decades, a number of neighboring districts were abolished and annexed to Yangpu. The area was especially used for heavy industries. The district's present territory west of the river was formed after the incorporation of Wujiaochang District from Baoshan County in 1984. In 1993, Yangpu's territories east of the Huangpu River were designated part of the Pudong New District.


Education[edit]

Situated in northern Yangpu District are three of China's top tier universities, Fudan University, Tongji University, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology as well as the Shanghai University of Finance and Economics.

There is also the Shanghai University of Sport.[5]

A new EuroCampus in Yangpu District, for the Lycée Français de Shanghai and German School Shanghai, is scheduled to open in 2019.[6][7]


Economy[edit]

Since the beginning of the 21st century, Yangpu District has increasingly developed away from labor-intensive industry towards commerce and high technology: the area around Wujiaochang now boast ten large commercial centers and the research and development zone on Dalian Road hosts the regional headquarters of Siemens and Continental AG.[8]

Subdistricts and town[edit]

Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Shanghainese Romanization Population (2010)[9] Area (km2)
Dinghai Road Subdistrict 定海路街道 Dìnghǎilù Jiēdào din he lu ka do 100,480 6.25
Pingliang Road Subdistrict 平凉路街道 Píngliánglù Jiēdào bin lian lu ka do 85,870 3.41
Jiangpu Road Subdistrict 江浦路街道 Jiāngpǔlù Jiēdào kaon phu lu ka do 95,382 2.39
Siping Road Subdistrict 四平路街道 Sìpínglù Jiēdào sy bin lu ka do 92,505 2.64
Kongjiang Subdistrict 控江路街道 Kòngjiānglù Jiēdào khon cian kaon lu ka do 105,613 2.15
Changbai Xincun Subdistrict 长白新村街道 Chángbái Xīncūn Jiēdào tzan baq sin tsen ka do 70,195 3.05
Yanji Xincun Subdistrict 延吉新村街道 Yánjí Xīncūn Jiēdào yi ciq sin tsen ka do 90,334 2.04
Yinhang Subdistrict 殷行街道 Yīnháng Jiēdào in raon ka do 192,554 9.52
Daqiao Subdistrict 大桥街道 Dàqiáo Jiēdào da djio ka do 124,954 4.41
Wujiaochang Subdistrict 五角场街道 Wǔjiǎochǎng Jiēdào ng koq dzan ka do 149,090 7.66
Xinjiangwancheng Subdistrict 新江湾城街道 Xīnjiāngwānchéng Jiēdào sin kaon ue zen ka do 27,251 8.68
Wujiaochang town 五角场镇 Wǔjiǎochǎng Zhèn ng koq dzan tzen 178,994 8.77


Transportation[edit]

Yangpu District is connected to the neighbouring Pudong New Area across the Huangpu River by one bridge, three tunnels, and six ferry lines. These include the Yangpu Bridge, the Xiangyin Road Tunnel, the Dalian Road Tunnel, and the Jungong Road Tunnel. A fourth tunnel, the Yinhang Road Tunnel is currently under construction.

The Inner Ring Road and Middle Ring Road traverse through Yangpu District.

The industrial wharves along the Huangpu River which service the industrial centres of Yangpu are being phased out by residential developments on the waterfront. Yangpu District has 15.5 kilometers of bank along Huangpu River, which is the longest among all districts in Puxi. As of July 2019, 5.5 kilometers of jogging and cycling lane has been built along the bank.[10]

Metro[edit]

Yangpu is currently served and/or under construction by six metro lines operated by Shanghai Metro,metro lines and/or metro stations which are in accompany with "*" mean they are currently under construction:

Under construction

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shanghai Yangpu. "District Governor". Shanghai Yangpu Government. Retrieved 2001-07-29.
  2. ^ a b c Shanghai Yangpu. "Geographical Location". Shanghai Yangpu Government. Retrieved 2011-07-29.
  3. ^ a b Yangpu District People's Government. 上海市杨浦区2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报 (in Chinese). Retrieved 2011-07-29.
  4. ^ "The Streets of Shanghai". Tales of Old Shanghai. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
  5. ^ "Home (Chinese). Shanghai University of Sport. Retrieved on November 11, 2015. "上海市杨浦区长海路399 号 邮编:200438" - English address: "588 Qing Yuan Huan Rd., 200438 Shanghai, China"
  6. ^ "LOCATION Le Campus du Yangpu." Lycée Français de Shanghai. Retrieved on September 12, 2017.
  7. ^ "Eine neue Schule für die deutsch-französische Gemeinschaft." German School Shanghai. Retrieved on February 1, 2018. "Die DS Shanghai hat sich[...]Schulbildung in Shanghai weiter ausgebaut werden. "
  8. ^ Mao, Xinhui (16 October 2012). "大连路总部研发集聚区:雄鹰蓄势待发". Yangpu Times (in Chinese). Retrieved 3 September 2019.
  9. ^ Census Office of the State Council of the People's Republic of China; Population and Employment Statistics Division of the National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China (2012). 中国2010人口普查分乡、镇、街道资料 (1 ed.). Beijing: China Statistics Print. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.
  10. ^ "杨浦滨江:加速打造世界级滨水岸线". Official Website of Shanghai Municipal People's Government (in Chinese). 4 July 2019. Retrieved 3 September 2019.

External links[edit]