"Heroes" (David Bowie song)
One of A-side labels of UK vinyl single
|Single by David Bowie|
|from the album "Heroes"|
|Released||23 September 1977|
|Recorded||July and August 1977 at Hansa Studio by the Wall, West Berlin|
|David Bowie singles chronology|
|"Heroes" track listing|
"'Heroes'"[a] is a song by the English musician David Bowie, written by Bowie and Brian Eno. Produced by Bowie and Tony Visconti, it was recorded in July and August 1977, and released on 23 September 1977. A product of Bowie's "Berlin" period, the track was not a huge hit in the UK or US at the time, but has gone on to become one of Bowie's signature songs. In January 2016, following Bowie's death, the song reached a new peak of number 12 in the UK Singles Chart. "'Heroes'" has been cited as Bowie's second-most covered song after "Rebel Rebel".
Inspired by the sight of Bowie's producer / engineer Tony Visconti embracing his girlfriend by the Berlin Wall, the song tells the story of two lovers, one from East and one from West Berlin. Bowie's performance of "Heroes" on June 6, 1987 at the German Reichstag in West Berlin was considered a catalyst to the eventual fall of the Berlin Wall, similar to that of Bruce Springsteen's concert at Radrennbahn Weissensee a year later. Following Bowie's death in January 2016, the German government thanked Bowie for "helping to bring down the Wall", adding "you are now among Heroes".
"'Heroes'" has received numerous accolades since its release, as seen with its inclusion on lists ranking the 'greatest songs of all time' compiled by the music publications; Rolling Stone named the song the 46th greatest ever, and NME named it the 15th greatest. Bowie scholar David Buckley has written that "Heroes" "is perhaps pop's definitive statement of the potential triumph of the human spirit over adversity".
Inspiration and recording
The title of the song is a reference to the 1975 track "Hero" by German krautrock band Neu!, whom Bowie and Eno admired. It was one of the early tracks recorded during the album sessions, but remained an instrumental until towards the end of production. The quotation marks in the title of the song, a deliberate affectation, were designed to impart an ironic quality on the otherwise highly romantic, even triumphant, words and music. Producer Tony Visconti took credit for inspiring the image of the lovers kissing "by the wall", when he and backing vocalist Antonia Maass (Maaß) embraced in front of Bowie as he looked out of the Hansa Studio window. Bowie's habit in the period following the song's release was to say that the protagonists were based on an anonymous young couple but Visconti, who was married to Mary Hopkin at the time, contends that Bowie was protecting him and his affair with Maass. Bowie confirmed this in 2003.
|Problems playing this file? See media help.|
The music, co-written by Bowie and Eno, has been likened to a Wall of Sound production, an undulating juggernaut of guitars, percussion and synthesizers. Eno has said that musically the piece always "sounded grand and heroic" and that he had "that very word – heroes – in my mind" even before Bowie wrote the lyrics. The basic backing track on the recording consists of a conventional arrangement of piano, bass guitar, rhythm guitar and drums. However the remaining instrumental additions are highly distinctive. These largely consist of synthesizer parts by Eno using an EMS VCS3 to produce detuned low-frequency drones, with the beat frequencies from the three oscillators producing a juddering effect. In addition, King Crimson guitarist Robert Fripp generated an unusual sustained sound by allowing his guitar to feed back and sitting at different positions in the room to alter the pitch of the feedback (pitched feedback). Tony Visconti rigged up a system, a creative misuse of gating that may be termed "multi-latch gating", of three microphones to capture the vocal, with one microphone nine inches from Bowie, one 20 feet away and one 50 feet away. As the music built, Bowie was forced to sing at increased volumes to overcome the gating effect, leading to an increasingly unhinged vocal performance as the song progresses Each microphone is muted as the next one is triggered. "Bowie's performance thus grows in intensity precisely as ever more ambience infuses his delivery until, by the final verse, he has to shout just to be heard....The more Bowie shouts just to be heard, in fact, the further back in the mix Visconti's multi-latch system pushes his vocal tracks, creating a stark metaphor for the situation of Bowie's doomed lovers".
Release and aftermath
""Heroes"" was released in a variety of languages and lengths ("a collector's wet dream" in the words of NME editors Roy Carr and Charles Shaar Murray). In contrast to the bewildering audio situation, the video (directed by Stanley Dorfman) was a stark and simple affair, the singer captured performing the song in what appeared to be a single take with multiple cameras, swaying in front of a spotlight that created a monotone and near-silhouette effect. Despite a large promotional push, including Bowie's first live Top of the Pops appearance since 1973, ""Heroes"" only reached number 24 in the UK charts, and failed to make the US Billboard Hot 100.
Writing for NME on its release, Charlie Gillett slated the record saying: "Well he had a pretty good run for our money, for a guy who was no singer. But I think his time has been and gone, and this just sounds weary. Then again, maybe the ponderous heavy riff will be absorbed on the radio, and the monotonous feel may just be hypnotic enough to drag people into buying it. I hope not."
Later assessments were more favourable. In February 1999, Q Magazine listed ""Heroes"" as one of the 100 greatest singles of all time as voted by the readers. In March 2005, the same magazine placed it at number 56 in its list of the 100 Greatest Guitar Tracks. In 2004, Rolling Stone rated ""Heroes"" number 46 in its list of The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time. It was included in 2008's The Pitchfork Media 500: Our Guide to the Greatest Songs from Punk to the Present. John J. Miller of National Review rated ""Heroes"" number 21 on a list of "the 50 greatest conservative rock songs" due to its anti-Soviet political context, despite its status as a gay anthem. Uncut placed ""Heroes"" as number 1 in its 30 greatest Bowie songs in 2008.
Moby has said that ""Heroes"" is one of his favourite songs ever written, calling it "inevitable" that his music would be influenced by the song, and Dave Gahan, the lead singer of Depeche Mode, was hired into the band when band founder Vince Clarke heard him singing ""Heroes"" at a jam session.
Bowie regularly performed the song in concert. It was used in Chris Petit's film Radio On two years after its release. The song has become a mainstay of advertising in recent years, gracing efforts by Microsoft, Kodak, CGU Insurance, HBO Olé (HBO Latin America) and various sporting promoters throughout the world. It was also used as the intro to the video game NHL 99, released in 1998. ""Heroes"" also appears as downloadable content in the music video game series Rock Band in a three-song pack along with other Bowie songs "Moonage Daydream" and "Queen Bitch". The Australian television mockumentary We Can Be Heroes: Finding The Australian of the Year (title outside Australia: The Nominees) took its title from ""Heroes"". A cover of the single was used as ITV's theme song for its coverage of the 2006 FIFA World Cup.
The song was played during the party scene in the 2001 film Antitrust. In 2009, the song was played over the closing credits of both the documentary The Cove, and What Goes Up, and also featured in that film, important to the plot's message.
In May 2010, the song was played over the extended closing credits of the final episode of Ashes to Ashes, in keeping with the various David Bowie allusions throughout that series (and its predecessor Life on Mars).
In 2012 the track was played as athletes from Great Britain entered the Olympic Stadium during the 2012 Summer Olympics opening ceremony, and after medal ceremonies during the Olympics. It was also used as the Great Britain Paralympic team entered the stadium during the opening ceremony on 29 August 2012. The same year, it was featured in the film The Perks of Being a Wallflower. First heard on a pick-up truck radio by the main characters, the song is important to both "flying through the tunnel" scenes and played over the closing credits.
In 2014, the song was featured in the premiere trailer for the Brazilian film Praia do Futuro. The song was also played in "You Don't Have to Live Like a Referee", an episode of The Simpsons as Lisa is trying to figure out how to make Homer into a hero for a speech contest at school.
In the days following Bowie's death in January 2016, the song was streamed on Spotify more than any other Bowie song. On Twitter the German Foreign Office paid homage to Bowie for "helping to bring down the wall." It reached a new peak of number 12 in the UK after Bowie's death.
|TIME||United States||"All-Time 100 Songs"||2011||*|
|Rolling Stone||United States||"The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time"||2003||46|
|NME||United Kingdom||"100 Greatest Singles of All Time"||2002||5|
|NME||United Kingdom||"500 Greatest Songs Of All Time"||2014||15|
|NME||United Kingdom||"100 Greatest Songs Of NME's Lifetime...So Far"||2012||3|
|NME||United Kingdom||"NME Readers Best Tracks Of The Last 60 Years"||2012||16|
|NME||United Kingdom||"Best tracks of the 1970s"||2014||4|
|NME||United Kingdom||"David Bowie's 40 Greatest Songs"||2014||1|
|Mojo Magazine||United Kingdom||"The 100 Greatest Singles Of All Time"||1997||34|
|Sounds||United Kingdom||"All Time Top 100 Singles"||1985||2|
|Q||United Kingdom||"Q Readers Top 100 Singles Of All Time"||1999||36|
|Pitchfork||United States||"The Pitchfork 500"||2008||*|
|Pitchfork||United States||"The 200 Best Songs of the 1970s"||2016||6|
|Radio X||United Kingdom||"The Top 1,000 Songs Of All Time"||2010||24|
|Radio X||United Kingdom||"Best of British"||2016||7|
|Uncut||United Kingdom||"David Bowie’s 30 best songs"||2008||1|
(*) designates unordered lists.
- RCA / PB 11121
- RCA / JD-11151 (US promo)
|1.||""Heroes"" (Album version)||
|1.||""Heroes"" (Single version)||
- RCA / PC-9821 (Germany)
|1.||""Heroes"" / ""Helden"" (English/German version)||
|1.||""Heroes"" / ""Héros"" (English/French version)||
Charts and certifications
|Austria (Ö3 Austria Top 40)||19|
|Belgium (Ultratop 50 Flanders)||17|
|Germany (Official German Charts)||19|
|Netherlands (Single Top 100)||9|
|New Zealand (Recorded Music NZ)||35|
|UK Singles (Official Charts Company)||24|
|Austria (Ö3 Austria Top 40)||14|
|Netherlands (Single Top 100)||47|
|Europe (Euro Digital Songs)||3|
|Japan Hot Overseas (Billboard)||18|
|New Zealand (Recorded Music NZ)||34|
|Portugal (Hung Medien)||32|
|Switzerland (Schweizer Hitparade)||17|
|UK Singles (Official Charts Company)||12|
|US Hot Rock Songs (Billboard)||11|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Silver||200,000|
sales+streaming figures based on certification alone
- Prior to the single release of ""Heroes"", Bowie first performed the song on the final episode of friend Marc Bolan's Granada Television series Marc (filmed 7 September 1977, broadcast 20 September 1977 – after Bolan's funeral). This particular version has an alternate backing track that was recorded with Bolan playing lead guitar and the T.Rex line up of Dino Dines on keyboards, and the rhythm section of Herbie Flowers on bass and Tony Newman on drums. Coincidentally, prior to joining T.Rex, Flowers and Newman were a part of Bowie's rhythm section on the Diamond Dogs album and its tour, documented on the live album David Live.
- Bowie performed the song when he appeared on Bing Crosby's 1977 Christmas TV special, Bing Crosby's Merrie Olde Christmas. In the performance, filmed on 11 September 1977, Bowie sang over a prerecorded backing track.
- A concert performance recorded in the spring of 1978 was released on the live album Stage.
- Bowie performed the song live on his 1983 Serious Moonlight Tour, as seen in the 1984 concert video, Serious Moonlight.
- The rendition at Live Aid in 1985 has been described as "the best version of ""Heroes"" [Bowie] had ever sung". This performance featured Thomas Dolby on keyboards.
- Bowie performed the song live on his 1987 Glass Spider Tour, as seen in the 1988 concert video, Glass Spider.
- The song was performed at The Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert in 1992 by Bowie, Mick Ronson and Brian May, Roger Taylor, and John Deacon – the surviving members of Queen.
- An acoustic version of the song was played in 1996 at The Bridge School Benefit Concert at the Shoreline Amphitheater in Mountain View, California, and later released on The Bridge School Benefit Concert album.
- The song was performed by Bowie at The Concert for New York City on 20 October 2001.
- Bowie performed the song live during his 2003 Reality Tour, and a performance from November of that year was released on the A Reality Tour DVD in 2004, and included on the A Reality Tour album, released in 2010.
- The edited 7-inch single, running at 3:32 mins and backed with "V-2 Schneider", was released separately in English, French (""Héros"") and German (""Helden""). All three of these cuts plus "V-2 Schneider" were released together as an Australian 4-track 7-inch.
- The complete English version as it appeared on the album was released as a Spanish 12-inch single.
- A version featuring the German single edit spliced into the second half of the full-length English track (""Heroes""/""Helden"") appeared on the German pressing of the LP and is also available on Bowie's soundtrack to the film Christiane F. and on the Rare album.
- The song has appeared, almost invariably in single edit form, on numerous Bowie compilations:
- Chameleon (Australia and New Zealand 1979)
- The Best of Bowie (1980)
- Fame and Fashion (1984) – album version
- Sound + Vision (1989) – ""Helden""
- Changesbowie (1990)
- Bowie: The Singles 1969-1993 (1993)
- The Singles Collection (1993)
- The Best of David Bowie 1974/1979 (1998)
- Best of Bowie (2002)
- The Platinum Collection (2005/2006)
- Nothing Has Changed (2014)
- Bowie Legacy (2016)
- It was released as a picture disc in the RCA Life Time picture disc set.
- American new wave band Blondie performed the song frequently in 1980, and then played it again in 2010. On 12 January 1980, it was recorded and then released officially as a single in Germany, as well as a bonus track on the 2001 remaster of Eat to the Beat and on the Blonde and Beyond compilation album.
- German singer-songwriter Nico released a cover of the song as part of her 1981 studio album "Drama of Exile".
- Spanish group Parálisis Permanente released a Spanish cover of the song on their album El acto (1982).
- Australian singers Kate Ceberano and Phil Ceberano covered the song for the 2007 album Nine Lime Avenue.
- On 2 April 2014, Janelle Monáe released a cover of the song as part of a Pepsi global campaign "Now Is What You Make It". It was sent to US hot adult contemporary radio on 2 June 2014.
- ITV used a version recorded by Kasabian during the opening sequence of their 2006 FIFA World Cup coverage, the song was made available to download for free off the ITV Sport website.
- TV on the Radio covered the song on the 2009 charity album War Child Presents Heroes. In keeping with the concept of the album, Bowie himself chose ""Heroes"", and chose TVOTR to cover the song. This version was used in the trailer for the fifth season of Game of Thrones.
- A cover performed by Marc Bonilla and Font 48 was included in the final scene of the movie The Replacements (2000).
- In 2012, the song was used by Coca-Cola in Latin America for an advertising campaign, featuring children and adults costumed as DC Comics superheroes, including Superman, Batman, Robin, Wonder Woman, Aquaman, The Flash, Batgirl and Supergirl.
- The Wallflowers recorded a version of the song for the soundtrack to the 1998 film Godzilla. This version peaked at number 10 on the Billboard Modern Rock Tracks chart in 1998, as well as number 27 on the Billboard Hot 100 Airplay chart, and number 23 on the Billboard Top 40 Mainstream charts.
- It was the lead track on Peter Gabriel's 2010 covers album, Scratch My Back. The Peter Gabriel version also appeared in the film Lone Survivor and Netflix television series Stranger Things.
- Lyrics from the song are used in the 2014 single "Heroes (We Could Be)" by Swedish DJ/producer Alesso and Swedish singer-songwriter Tove Lo.
- In 2015, Jessica Lange covered the song in "Curtain Call", the season finale of American Horror Story: Freak Show.
- Lyrics and melody from "Heroes" were used in the medley Elephant Love Medley in the movie Moulin Rouge!. This was a duet between Ewan McGregor and Nicole Kidman as they profess their love for one another through the lyrics of many popular love songs. (2001).
- LCD Soundsystem covered the song as a tribute to Bowie at the Coachella Festival in 2016.
- Prince covered the song at his final performance on 14 April 2016 in Atlanta.
- The Belgian female ensemble Scala, led by the Kolacny brothers, covered the song for their 2016 album "Solstice". This version is featured in the trailer for the 2016 film Billy Lynn's Long Halftime Walk.
- The band Oasis covered the song as a B-side for their song, D'You Know What I Mean?, on their album Be Here Now.
- Apocalyptica did a version in German with Rammstein's Till Lindeman and Richard Z. Kruspe.
- The X Factor finalists released a version for charity in 2010, which reached number 1 in the UK (which the original had failed to achieve).
- English band Depeche Mode start their Global Spirit Tour including a cover of "Heroes" on their setlist.
- The quotation marks are part of the title. In certain single releases, the song is stylized without the quotes.
- "With 'Heroes', David Bowie pulled off the rare feat of having a major hit with a highly experimental piece of art-rock, which featured among other highlights live synth treatments from Brian Eno, pitched feedback from Robert Fripp and a lead vocal with level-triggered ambience."
Buskin, Richard (October 2004). "Classic Tracks: Heroes". Sound on Sound. Retrieved 17 September 2015.
- "David Bowie – Heroes". Discogs. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- Nicholas Pegg (2000). The Complete David Bowie: pp.90–92
- Ford, Matt (11 January 2016). "Remembering David Bowie". The Atlantic. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
- Fisher, Max (11 January 2016). "David Bowie at the Berlin Wall: the incredible story of a concert and its role in history". Vox. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
- "The Berlin Wall – A multimedia history: David Bowie plays Berlin". Rundfunk Berlin-Brandenburg. 9 November 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
- "Germany to David Bowie: Thank You for Helping to Bring Down the Berlin Wall". Foreign Policy. 2016-01-11. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
- "The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time – November 2003". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 1 January 2005. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
- "NME The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time, 2014". NME. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
- "The Pitchfork 500: Our Guide to the Greatest Songs from Punk to the Present". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
- David Buckley (2015-05-30). David Bowie: The Music and The Changes. Books.google.com.au. p. 63. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
- Mat Snow (2007). "Making Heroes", MOJO 60 Years of Bowie: p.69
- Roy Carr & Charles Shaar Murray (1981). Bowie: An Illustrated Record: pp.90–92
- Robert Matthew-Walker David Bowie, theatre of music 1985 p46 "The use of quotation marks possibly implies that the "Heroes" are not to be taken too seriously."
- Chris Welch David Bowie: changes, 1970–1980 1999 p116 "The use of quotation marks around the title meant that Bowie felt there was something ironic about being a rock 'n' roll hero to his fans, while he kept his own emotional life as far distant and remote and private as possible."
- NME interview in 1977 with Charles Shaar Murray. Retrieved from Bowie: Golden Years 20 February 2007.
- David Buckley (1999). Strange Fascination – David Bowie: The Definitive Story: pp.323–326
- Hodgson, Jay (2010). Understanding, p.88. ISBN 978-1-4411-5607-5.
- Richard Buskin (October 2004). "Classic Tracks: Heroes", Sound on Sound. Retrieved 20 February 2007.
- Hodgson (2010), p.89.
- Gallo, Phil (12 November 2008). "Bowie Videos Play MoMA". Variety.com: The Set List. Reed Elsevier. Retrieved 1 November 2009.
- "Certificazione Singoli Digitali dalla settimana 1 del 2009 alla settimana 2 del 2014" (PDF) (in Italian). Federation of the Italian Music Industry. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 January 2014. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
- Gillett, Charlie (15 October 1977). "Singles reviews". NME: 12–13.
- John J. Miller (26 May 2006). "Rockin' the Right", National Review Online. Retrieved 20 February 2007.
- Eves, Natasha (December 2015). "I’m Not Perfect: the role of Grace Jones and David Bowie in aiding the dissemination of queer subjectivities" (PDF). Ephemeral Magazine. Goldsmiths, University of London. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
- McDonald, Patrick Range (16 June 2008). "Queer Town: The Gay Wedding in Beverly Hills". LA Weekly. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
- "David Bowie’s 30 best songs". Uncut. March 2008. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
- Gordinier, Jeff (31 May 2002), "Loving the Aliens", Entertainment Weekly, no. 656, pp. 26–34
- Shaw, William (April 1993), "In The Mode", Details magazine: 90–95, 168
- Sarah Lyall (27 July 2012). "A Five-Ring Opening Circus, Weirdly and Unabashedly British". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-07-28.
- "Various – The Perks Of Being A Wallflower: Tracklist". Discogs. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
- "Berlin Film Review: ‘Praia do Futuro’". Variety. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
- Quoctrung Bui; Josh Katz; Jasmine C. Lee (January 12, 2016). "The David Bowie Song That Fans Are Listening to Most: ‘Heroes’". The New York Times. The New York Times Company.
- GermanForeignOffice @GermanyDiplo (2016-01-11). "GermanForeignOffice on Twitter". German Foreign Office. Twitter.
Good-bye, David Bowie. You are now among #Heroes. Thank you for helping to bring down the #wall. youtu.be/YYjBQKIOb-w #RIPDavidBowie
- Barbara Kollmeyer. "David Bowie death triggers tributes from Iggy Pop, Madonna — even the Vatican and the German government". MarketWatch. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "How the loss of David Bowie impacted the UK charts". Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- Thurm, Eric (16 January 2017). "The epic, emotional Regular Show finale is anything but". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 10 February 2017.
- "All-TIME 100 Songs". TIME. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
- "The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time – November 2003". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
- "100 Greatest Singles of All Time". NME. Archived from the original on 27 April 2006. Retrieved 16 February 2016.
- "60 Years Of The NME". NME. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
- "David Bowie's 40 Greatest Songs". NME. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
- "Mojo 100 Greatest Singers Of All Time". Mojo. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
- "All Time Top 100 Singles". Sounds. Retrieved 16 February 2016.
- "Q Readers Top 100 Singles Of All Time". Q. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
- "The Top 1,000 Songs Of All Time". Radio X. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
- "Best of British". Radio X. Retrieved 31 March 2016.
- "David Bowie’s 30 best songs". Uncut. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
- "David Bowie – "Heroes" (Vinyl)". Discogs. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "David Bowie – Heroes (Vinyl)". Discogs. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "BBC Arts - BBC Arts, Breaking down David Bowie's Heroes - track by track". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
- "Austriancharts.at – David Bowie – Heroes" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
- "Ultratop.be – David Bowie – Heroes" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- "Musicline.de – David Bowie Single-Chartverfolgung" (in German). Media Control Charts. PhonoNet GmbH. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- "Chart Track: Week 46, 1977". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
- "Dutchcharts.nl – David Bowie – Heroes" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
- "Charts.org.nz – David Bowie – Heroes". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved 21 January 2016.
- "Archive Chart: 1977-11-05" UK Singles Chart. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
- "Australian-charts.com – David Bowie – Heroes". ARIA Top 50 Singles. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- "David Bowie – Chart history" Billboard Euro Digital Songs for David Bowie.
- "Lescharts.com – David Bowie – Heroes" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- "Chart Track: Week 2, 2016". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
- "Italiancharts.com – David Bowie – Heroes". Top Digital Download. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
- "Billboard Japan Hot Overseas" (in Japanese). Billboard Japan. January 18, 2016. Retrieved February 18, 2017.
- "Portuguesecharts - David Bowie - Heroes". portuguesecharts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
- "Swedishcharts.com – David Bowie – Heroes". Singles Top 100. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- "Swisscharts.com – David Bowie – Heroes". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- "Archive Chart: 2016-01-14" UK Singles Chart. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
- "David Bowie – Chart history" Billboard Hot Rock Songs for David Bowie. Retrieved 21 January 2016.
- "Certificazione Singoli Digitali dalla settimana 1 del 2010 alla settimana 1 del 2016" (PDF) (in Italian). Archived (PDF) from the original on 17 January 2016. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- "British single certifications – David Bowie – Heroes". British Phonographic Industry. Enter Heroes in the field Keywords. Select Title in the field Search by. Select single in the field By Format. Select Silver in the field By Award. Click Search
- Campbell, Irving (2007). A Guide to the Outtakes of Marc Bolan (1 ed.). Wellington, New Zealand: Great Horse. p. 179. ISBN 978-0-473-12076-4.
- David Buckley (1999). Op Cit: p.424
- THE DEBORAH HARRY & BLONDIE SETLIST DATABASE – 12 January 1980
- "Blondie Concert Setlist at House of Blues, Boston on September 12, 2010". setlist.fm. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
- Deborah-Harry [Dot] Com | Collections | Heroes [Single]
- "Drama of Exile – Nico". AllMusic. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
- "Janelle Monae Covers 'Heroes' In Pepsi's Global Futbol Campaign, Talks Her Love For David Bowie". Billboard. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "Hot/Modern/AC Future Releases". All Access Music Group. Archived from the original on 30 May 2014.
- Alternative Songs. Billboard.com. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
- Fischer, Russ (31 July 2013). "'Lone Survivor' Trailer: Heroes for More Than One Day - /Film". Retrieved 27 August 2016.
- Egan, Sean (9 August 2016). "How the ‘Stranger Things’ Soundtrack Subverts 80s Sci-Fi Tropes | Thump". Retrieved 27 August 2016.
- Young, Alex (16 April 2016). "LCD Soundsystem cover "Heroes" at Coachella in tribute to David Bowie — watch". Consequence of Sound. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
- "Prince Concert Setlist at Fox Theater, Atlanta on April 14, 2016". setlist.fm.
- "Billy Lynn's Long Halftime Walk Trailer". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 27 March 2017.
- Buckley, David (2000) . Strange Fascination – David Bowie: The Definitive Story. London: Virgin. ISBN 0-7535-0457-X.
- Carr, Roy; Murray, Charles Shaar (1981). David Bowie: An Illustrated Record. New York: Avon. ISBN 0-380-77966-8.
- Pegg, Nicholas (2004) . The Complete David Bowie. London: Reynolds & Hearn. ISBN 1-903111-14-5.