(89959) 2002 NT7

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(89959) 2002 NT7
Discovery [1]
Discovered by LINEAR
Discovery site Lincoln Lab's ETS
Discovery date 9 July 2002
Designations
MPC designation (89959) 2002 NT7
2002 NT7
Apollo · NEO · PHA[1][2]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 23 March 2018 (JD 2457800.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc 62.68 yr (22,894 days)
Aphelion 2.6529 AU
Perihelion 0.8180 AU
1.7355 AU
Eccentricity 0.5286
2.29 yr (835 days)
79.375°
0° 25m 51.96s / day
Inclination 42.333°
132.08°
300.67°
Earth MOID 0.0004 AU
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 4.807±0.085 km[3]
Albedo 0.224±0.053[3]
16.4[1]

(89959) 2002 NT7, provisional designation 2002 NT7, is a near-Earth object with a diameter of 4.8 kilometers and extremely hazardous asteroid of the Apollo group[1][2]

Description[edit]

2002 NT7 became the first object observed by NASA's NEO program to be assigned a positive rating on both the Torino Scale and the Palermo Technical Impact Hazard Scale, for a small chance of an impact on February 1, 2019. It was discovered on 9 July 2002, by the Lincoln Near-Earth Asteroid Research team (LINEAR) at the U.S. Lincoln Laboratory Experimental Test Site near Socorro, New Mexico.[2]

Despite inflammatory press reports, the object had a "low probability" of impact. Approximately one in a million.[4] Further observations of the object quickly Re-rated the threat higher. On July 25, 2002 the hazard rating on the Palermo scale have been increased to +70.25. However, the discovery of the object with an Palermo initial rating of 0.06[5] was a historical event for the NEO observation program.

2002 NT7 was removed from the Sentry Risk Table on August 1, 2002 so there was no risk of an impact by it in the next 100 years, however by the new discoveries the impact is highly probably to happen.[6] It is now known that on Febraury 1, 2019 the asteroid will probably crash on our planet.[7]

If the asteroid doesn't make collision to that date on January 30, 2020 the asteroid would pass 0.02718 AU (4,066,000 km; 2,527,000 mi) from 2 Pallas.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 89959 (2002 NT7)" (2017-03-15 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  2. ^ a b c "89959 (2002 NT7)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  3. ^ a b Mainzer, A.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J.; Masiero, J.; McMillan, R. S.; Cutri, R. M.; et al. (December 2011). "NEOWISE Observations of Near-Earth Objects: Preliminary Results". The Astrophysical Journal. 743 (2): 17. arXiv:1109.6400. Bibcode:2011ApJ...743..156M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/743/2/156. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  4. ^ Asteroid 2002 NT7 Under Watch, But Probably Not Coming Our Way Archived 2006-04-05 at the Wayback Machine. (25 July 2002)
  5. ^ "Space rock 'on collision course'". BBC News. 24 July 2002. Retrieved 2007-12-28.
  6. ^ "Date/Time Removed". NASA/JPL Near-Earth Object Program Office. Retrieved 2011-05-06.
  7. ^ "JPL Close-Approach Data: 89959 (2002 NT7)" (last observation: 2011-09-12; arc: 57 years). Retrieved 2011-11-04.
  8. ^ "NEODyS-2 Close Approaches for (89959) 2002NT7". Near Earth Objects - Dynamic Site. Retrieved 2011-11-05.

External links[edit]