¡A Luchar!

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¡A Luchar! was a political movement in Colombia, formed as a coalition of various progressive trade unionist and social movements.

Background[edit]

With the launching of the policy of national dialogue of the Belisario Betancur government in 1984, various underground leftwing movement began exploring possibilities of building up legal movements.[1] With the social struggles in North-Eastern Colombia, the petrol workers struggle in Arauca and with the rise of the leadership of the Spanish priest Manuel Pérez inside the movement, the National Liberation Army (ELN) began to orient itself towards non-military social struggles.[2]

¡A Luchar! emerged from a long process of discussions and cooperation between three tendencies of the Colombian leftwing; ELN, Workers Revolutionary Party (PRT) and the Revolutionary Integration Movement - Free Fatherland (MIR-Patria Libre). The three tendencies had begun cooperating in 1984. 18 months later, ¡A Luchar! was founded at a Workers, Peasants, People's Meeting held as a commemoration of José Antonio Galán March 16-March 17, 1985. In its initial phase of organizing, ¡A Luchar! mobilized a national civic strike on June 20 against the policies of the Betancur government regarding economic liberalizations and peace negotiations.[3] However, the build-up of ¡A Luchar! aggravated internal divisions between the 'military' and 'political' tendencies inside ELN.[2]

1986 congress[edit]

The movement held its first congress in the Jorge Elicier Gaitan Theatre in Bogotá, June 28-June 30, 1986. The organizations that took part in the congress were:

and other groupings. In total 850 delegates took part, as well as some 1000-1500 observers.[3]

Political activity[edit]

Nelson Berrío was the main leader of ¡A Luchar!.[4]

¡A Luchar! called for a 'popular tribunal' for president Betancur. His successor, Virgilio Barco, was characterized by the movement as serving the interests of the United States and big capital.[3]

Repression[edit]

Similar to the Patriotic Union, ¡A Luchar! became a target for paramilitary violence. Many of its cadres were murdered.[5]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Art.26 Colombia(2000):Queja relativa a la observancia por Colombia de los convenios 87 y 98 en virtud del artículo 26 de la Constitución de la OIT
  2. ^ a b Palacios, Marco/Safford, Frank. Colombia: País fragmentado, sociedad dividida: su historia. Bogotá: Grupo Editorial Norma, 2002. p. 651
  3. ^ a b c http://www.nuevoarcoiris.org.co/sac/files/libros/Libro_flor_de_abril.pdf
  4. ^ Harnecker, Marta. Haciendo posible lo imposible : la izquierda en el umbral del siglo XXI. Mexico City: Siglo veintiuno, 1999. p. 53
  5. ^ Colombia: una historia que continúa