|Directed by||Luis Moglia Barth|
|Written by||Luis Moglia Barth and Carlos de la Pua|
|Starring||Libertad Lamarque, Pepe Arias and Tita Merello|
|Music by||Roberto Firpo, Homero Manzi, Sebastián Piana, Rodolfo Sciammarella and Freddy Scorticati|
¡Tango! is a 1933 Argentine musical romance film, the first film to be made in Argentina using optical sound technology (but not the first sound film.) Many existing stars of the Argentine stage and radio appeared in the film, but its success was limited due to poor sound quality and weak acting. ¡Tango! established a formula that would be used by many subsequent tango films.
¡Tango! follows a formula established by Carlos Gardel with films such as Luces de Buenos Aires (The Lights of Buenos Aires, 1931) in which a melodramatic story is interspersed with tango songs. However, the film had less dialog and more music, making it more like a musical revue. This format would be copied by many subsequent films.
The plot is derived from tango songs. Many of these songs tell of the seduction of an innocent slum girl by a rich man who promises her a glamorous life, but who abandons her when her looks fade. The stylized and sentimental plot of ¡Tango! revolves around a young man who is abandoned by his girlfriend for an older rich man and is heartbroken. The film follows his misfortunes. The final scene has the hero, dressed as a typical compadrito, singing Milonga del 900. The song, by Carlos Gardel, ends:
I love her because I love her
and therefore I forgive her.
There is nothing worse than rancor
to live in bitterness.
- Libertad Lamarque as Elena
- Pepe Arias as Pepe el Bonito
- Tita Merello as Tita
- Alberto Gómez as Alberto
- Alicia Vignoli as Alicia
- Luis Sandrini as Berretín
- Meneca Tailhada as Mecha
- Juan Sarcione as Malandra
- Azucena Maizani as herself
- Mercedes Simone as herself
- Juan d'Arienzo
- Juan de Dios Filiberto
- Edgardo Donato
- Osvaldo Fresedo
- Pedro Maffia
The 80-minute black and white film was directed by Luis Moglia Barth, who co-wrote the script with Carlos de la Pua. It was Argentina Sono Film's first production. The film showed strong Hollywood influence in its cinematic techniques. It was the first optical sound feature film to be produced in Argentina, at Argentina Sono Film's new optical sound studio.[a]
The stars included the singer and actress Libertad Lamarque, the stage actor Pepe Arias, the singer Azucena Maizani and the comedian Tita Merello, all well-known theatre or tango performers. The film featured the tango orchestras of Juan de Dios Filiberto, Osvaldo Fresedo and Pedro Maffia. ¡Tango! was released in Argentina on 27 April 1933.
The approach of hiring well known performers ensured that devotees of popular theater and of radionovelas would form a ready audience for sound films. Luis Sandrini, who played "the poor kid from the barrio, immature and insecure," became the first Argentine film star. However, ¡Tango! had poor sound quality, which made it less successful than it should have been given its star-studded cast.[b]
- ¡Tango! was the first Argentinian optical sound film, where the sound is recorded in optical form on the film, but not the first Argentine film with sound. José A. Ferreyra's Muñequitas porteñas (Buenos Aires Dolls), using Vitaphone sound-on-disk, was released in August 1931 and is generally considered to be the first sound feature. Another claim to be first is Edmo Cominetti's La via de oro (The Way of Gold), released on 20 October 1931 and called the "first feature production with sound throughout made in Argentina".
- Another source calls the film an "overwhelming success". This seems to be incorrect.
- Falicov, Tamara Leah (2007). The Cinematic Tango: Contemporary Argentine Film. Wallflower Press. p. 11. ISBN 978-1-904764-92-2. Retrieved 2014-06-07.
- Gardel, Carlos (1933). "Milonga Del 900". Retrieved 2014-06-07.
- Hernandez-Rodriguez, R. (2009-11-19). Splendors of Latin Cinema. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-0-313-34978-2. Retrieved 2014-06-07.
- Karush, Matthew B.; Chamosa, Oscar (2010-04-30). The New Cultural History of Peronism: Power and Identity in Mid-Twentieth-Century Argentina. Duke University Press. ISBN 978-0-8223-9286-6.
- Karush, Matthew B. (2012-05-15). Culture of Class: Radio and Cinema in the Making of a Divided Argentina, 1920–1946. Duke University Press. p. 75. ISBN 978-0-8223-5264-8. Retrieved 2014-06-07.
- Kuhn, Annette; Radstone, Susannah (1990). The Women's Companion to International Film. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-08879-5.
- Rist, Peter H. (2014-05-08). Historical Dictionary of South American Cinema. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. ISBN 978-0-8108-8036-8. Retrieved 2014-06-07.
- "¡Tango!". IMDb. Retrieved 2014-06-06.