Yen and yuan sign

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¥
yen and yuan sign
In UnicodeU+00A5 ¥ YEN SIGN (&yen;)
Currency
CurrencyJapanese yen and Chinese yuan
Graphical variants
U+FFE5 FULLWIDTH YEN SIGN
Related
U+5186 (Yen)
Different from
Different fromU+04B0 Ұ CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER STRAIGHT U WITH STROKE
Category

The yen and yuan sign, ¥, is a currency sign used for the Japanese yen and the Chinese yuan currencies when writing in Latin scripts. This monetary symbol resembles a Latin letter Y with a single or double horizontal stroke. The symbol is usually placed before the value it represents, for example: ¥50, or JP¥50 and CN¥50 when disambiguation is needed. When writing in Japanese and Chinese, the Japanese kanji and Chinese character is written following the amount, for example ５０円 in Japan, and ５０元 or ５０圆 in China.

History

An example of a price sticker from China

Japan

After the institution of Japan’s New Currency Act, from 1871 through the early 20th century, the yen was either referred to (in documents printed in Latin script) by its full name yen, or abbreviated with a capital "Y".[citation needed] One of the earliest uses of ¥ can be found in J. Twizell Wawn’s "Japanese Municipal Government With an Account of the Administration of the City of Kobe",[1] published in 1899. Usage of the sign increased in the early 20th century, primarily in Western English-speaking countries, but has also become commonly used in Japan as well.

Code points

The Unicode code point is U+00A5 ¥ YEN SIGN (&yen;). Additionally, there is a full width character, `￥`, at code point U+FFE5 FULLWIDTH YEN SIGN[a] for use with wide fonts, especially East Asian fonts.

There was no code-point for any ¥ symbol in the original (7-bit) US-ASCII and consequently many early systems reassigned `5C` (allocated to the backslash (\) in ASCII) to the yen sign. With the arrival of 8-bit encoding, the ISO/IEC 8859-1 ("ISO Latin 1") character set assigned code point `A5` to the ¥ in 1985; Unicode continues this encoding.

In JIS X 0201, of which Shift JIS is an extension, assigns code point `0x5C` to the Latin-script yen sign: as noted above, this is the code used for the backslash in ASCII and also subsequently in Unicode. The JIS X 0201 standard was widely adopted in Japan.

Microsoft Windows

Microsoft adopted the ISO code `A5` in Windows-1252 for the Americas and Western Europe but Japanese-language locales of Microsoft operating systems use the code page 932 character encoding, which is a variant of Shift JIS. Hence, 0x5C is displayed as a yen sign in Japanese-locale fonts on Windows.[2] It is nonetheless used wherever a backslash is used, such as the directory separator character (for example, in `C:¥`) and as the general escape character (`¥n`).[2] It is mapped onto the Unicode U+005C REVERSE SOLIDUS (i.e. backslash),[3] while Unicode U+00A5 YEN SIGN is given a one-way "best fit" mapping to 0x5C in code page 932,[2] and 0x5C is displayed as a backslash in Microsoft's documentation for code page 932,[4] essentially making it a backslash given the appearance of a yen sign by localized fonts. The won sign ₩ has similar issues in Korean versions of Windows.

IBM EBCDIC

IBM's Code page 437 used code point `9D` for the ¥ and this encoding was also used by several other computer systems. The ¥ is assigned code point B2 in EBCDIC 500 and many other EBCDIC code pages.

Chinese IME

Under Chinese Pinyin input method editors (IMEs) such as those from Microsoft or Sogou.com, typing \$ displays the full-width character , which is different from half-width ¥ used in Japanese IMEs.

円, 元, and 圆/圓

The Japanese kanji (yen), and Chinese character and (yuan) are used when writing in Japanese and Chinese. In Hong Kong, Taiwan, Macau and Singapore, although the currency is written with a dollar sign (\$) (or HK\$, NT\$, MOP\$ or S\$ when necessary to indicate which dollar is meant) in Latin script, it is also rendered as and / (yuan) when writing in Chinese. The name of the North Korean and South Korean won () comes from the equivalent hanja (, won).

Turkmen

In the 1993 Turkmen orthography, the Yen sign was used as the capital form of ÿ and represented the sound /j/. It was replaced with Ý.

References

1. ^ Wawn, J. Twizell (1899). "Fines". Japanese Municipal Government: With an Account of the Administration of the City of Kobe. Office of the "Kobe Chronicle". p. 9. Fines of not more than one yen and ninety-five sen (¥1.95) may be levied for infractions of city by-laws.
2. ^ a b c Kaplan, Michael S. (2005-09-17). "When is a backslash not a backslash?". Archived from the original on 2016-03-23. Retrieved 2017-09-28.
3. ^ "CP932.TXT". Unicode Consortium. Archived from the original on 2018-03-30. Retrieved 2018-03-24.
4. ^ "Lead byte NULL — Code page 932". Microsoft. Archived from the original on 2017-09-24. Retrieved 2017-09-28.