À, à (a-grave) is a letter of the Catalan, Emilian-Romagnol, French, Galician, Italian, Maltese, Occitan, Portuguese, Sardinian, Scottish Gaelic, Vietnamese, and Welsh languages consisting of the letter A of the ISO basic Latin alphabet and a grave accent. À is also used in Pinyin transliteration. In most languages, it represents the vowel a. This letter is also a letter in Taos to indicate a mid tone.
In accounting or invoices, à abbreviates "at a rate of": "5 apples à $1" (one dollar each). That usage is based upon the French preposition à and has evolved into the at sign (@). Sometimes, it is part of a surname: Thomas à Kempis, Mary Anne à Beckett.
Usage in various languages
À is used in Emilian to represent short stressed [a], e.g. Bolognese dialect sacàtt [saˈkatː] "sack".
The grave accent is used in the French language to differentiate homophones, e.g. the third person conjugation of a "[he/she/it] has" and à "at, in, and to".
À is used in Portuguese to represent a contraction of the feminine singular definite article A with the preposition A:
- Ele foi à praia.
- He went to the beach.
|Unicode name||LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH GRAVE||LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH GRAVE|
|UTF-8||195 128||C3 80||195 160||C3 A0|
|Numeric character reference||À
|Named character reference||À||à|
|ISO 8859-1, 2, 3, 4, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16||192||C0||224||E0|
Microsoft Windows users can type an "à" by pressing Alt+133 or Alt+0224 on the numeric pad of the keyboard. "À" can be typed by pressing Alt+0192. On a Mac, you hold ⌥ Option+`, and then let go and type a.