Àrea Metropolitana de Barcelona

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This article is about the administrative area. For the metropolitan area, see Barcelona metropolitan area.
Metropolitan Area of Barcelona
administrative area
Àrea Metropolitana de Barcelona
Àrea Metropolitana de Barcelona within Barcelona metropolitan area
Àrea Metropolitana de Barcelona within Barcelona metropolitan area
Country Spain
Region Catalonia
City Barcelona
Government
 • Type integrated territorial bodies
 • President (Mayor) Ada Colau
Area
 • Total 636 km2 (246 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 3,239,337 Increase
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
Website http://www.amb.cat
Union of Municipalities
Transport Body
Environmental Body

The Metropolitan Area of Barcelona (Catalan: Àrea Metropolitana de Barcelona), often referred to as Greater Barcelona, is a territorial entity operating on the principle of metropolitan municipality composed of Barcelona and 35 adjacent municipalities around the city. This territorial entity integrated by three territorial executive bodies and has a population of 3,239,337 (Idescat, 2014) within an area of 636 km2. It is the main core of the Àmbit metropolità de Barcelona, which has a population of 5,012,961[1] and Barcelona metropolitan area, with a population of 5 million.

Executive Bodies[edit]

The three executive bodies are:

  • Mancomunitat de Municipis (Union of Municipalities): Covering 31 municipalities, it manages common services affecting public spaces, infrastructure, facilities, urbanism and housing for 3,029,389 inhabitants in an area of 495 km2. Given the range of services it offers, it is often construed as the core of the AMB.
  • Entitat del Transport (Transport Authority): Covering 18 municipalities, it serves a population of 2,790,803 in an area of 332 km2. These make up the strict Barcelona conurbation. Created to jointly manage public transport within its area.
  • Entitat del Medi Ambient (Environment Authority): Covering 33 municipalities it serves a population of 3,121,795 in an area of 583 km2. Entrusted with water supply and waste management for the area.

Competencies[edit]

Territorial[edit]

The AMB is responsible for three areas: territorial planning, urban planning and infrastructures of metropolitan interest.

Territorial planning[edit]

  • Participation in the preparation and proceeding of the general territorial Plan of Catalonia.
  • Participation in the preparation and monitoring of the partial territorial plans that affect its area and the sectoral territorial plans that affect its powers.
  • Preparation of plans, charters and programmes for the protection, management and planning of landscape.

Urban planning[edit]

  • Integrated urban planning of the metropolitan territory by means of the Metropolitan Urban Master Plan (PDUM) and the Metropolitan Urban Planning Plan (POUM). The AMB is responsible for the initiative for the formulation and initial and provisional approvals of both plans and their subsequent amendments.
  • Participation in the Urban Planning Commission of the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona.
  • Formulation and approval of the initial and provisional pluri-municipal urban development programmes.
  • Formulation and approval of derived planning elements having metropolitan interest or affecting several municipalities.
  • Urban management of the PDUM and the POUM as a competent and acting Administration.
  • Protection of urban legality by delegation of municipalities or replacement of municipal authority. Exercise of sanctioning powers, where appropriate.
  • Cooperation and legal and financial support to municipalities concerning with planning, action programmes, projects and works, and urban discipline.

Infrastructures of metropolitan interest[edit]

  • Execution and management of infrastructures related to mobility, parks, beaches, natural areas, equipments, resources, facilities, technical environmental services and supplies services.

Transport and mobility[edit]

The AMB plans and manages bus networks and other public transports, except for trams.

Its competencies, apart from planning and management, are:

  • Collective urban public transport of passengers on the surface, except for trams.
  • Provision of metro and underground public transport of passengers.
  • Regulation of the taxi service.
  • Approval of the Urban Mobility Metropolitan Plan. Definition of the basic metropolitan road network. Participation in traffic management in this network, together with the Catalan Government.
  • Planning and management of passenger transportation with tourist and cultural purposes, delegated by town councils.
  • Promotion of sustainable transport.
  • Management of the Barcelona ring roads.

Environment and sustainability[edit]

The competencies on environment and sustainability are linked to three areas: water cycle, waste products and environment.

Water cycle[edit]

  • Home supply of drinking water or domestic water supply downstream.
  • Purification of water collected for its use.
  • Wastewater purification.
  • Regeneration of purified wastewater for other uses such as irrigation or aquifers recharging.
  • Coordination of water treatment municipal systems, including the planning and integrated management of rainwater and wastewater evacuation, and of the sewage.
  • Regulation of the corresponding fees.

Waste

  • Treatment of municipal waste products and products resulting from works, as well as its recovery (reuse and recycling of paper, metal, plastic and other materials, energy and compost production, etc.) and disposal (controlled discharge of non-recyclable waste products).
  • Coordination of municipal collection systems.
  • Picking and selection of containers.
  • Waste recycling facility, in collaboration with municipalities.

Other competencies

  • Coordination and formulation of a Metropolitan Action Plan for environment, health and biodiversity protection, and measures to fight against climate change, and formulation of a metropolitan 21 Agenda.•
  • Participation in the production of acoustic capacity and strategic noise maps.
  • Issue of environmental reports.
  • Collaboration with municipalities in environmental planning policies.
  • Development and management of renewable energy facilities.

Housing[edit]

The AMB exerts the competencies in land and housing policies established by the urban legislation. It does so by delegation of metropolitan municipalities and to ensure intermunicipal solidarity in these actions.

  • The AMB defines land and housing policies, within the Metropolitan Urban Master Plan, with the aim of ensuring intermunicipal solidarity in these actions and exercising the constitutional right to housing.
  • The AMB exercises its competencies in land and housing policies laid down by the urban legislation, delegated by metropolitan municipalities.
  • The AMB carries out territorial planning actions to assign land to industrial and tertiary uses; promotes affordable housing, and is responsible for the construction of public equipments commissioned by metropolitan municipalities.
  • Similarly, the metropolitan administration exercises its powers in housing as recognised by law and those delegated by agreement or via consortium.

Economic development[edit]

The AMB aims to promote economic activity, employment and entrepreneurship in the areas of industry, trade, services and tourism resources.

  • Promotion of economic activity, employment and entrepreneurship in the areas of industry, trade, services and tourism resources.
  • Promotion of a Strategic Metropolitan Plan for modernisation, research and innovation.

Social cohesion[edit]

Social cohesion is one of the objectives of the creation of the AMB and is the principle by which all policies concerning urban planning, transport, environment, infrastructures and assistance to metropolitan municipalities are defined.

The aim is to achieve a cohesive and united metropolitan development, in which the benefits and costs of living in the metropolitan area are equally distributed among its inhabitants, regardless of the municipality in which they live.

To fulfil this aim, the competencies of the AMB also include the following ones:

  • Promotion of pluri-municipal policies enhancing social cohesion and territorial balance.
  • Participation in the Safety Commission of the metropolitan territorial area in order to promote civic coexistence policies.

Geography[edit]

The Àrea Metropolitana de Barcelona is set on the central Catalan Coast and around the capital. The metropolitan area can be divided into two zones:

AMB Municipalities[edit]

Municipality
Comarca
Population
Area
(km²)
Barcelona Barcelonès 1.620.943 101,4
L'Hospitalet de Llobregat Barcelonès 257.057 12,4
Badalona Barcelonès 220.977 21,2
Santa Coloma de Gramenet Barcelonès 120.593 7
Cornellà de Llobregat Baix Llobregat 87.458 7
Sant Boi de Llobregat Baix Llobregat 83.070 21,5
Sant Cugat del Vallès Vallès Occidental 84.946 48,2
El Prat de Llobregat Baix Llobregat 63.162 48,2
Viladecans Baix Llobregat 65.188 20,04
Castelldefels Baix Llobregat 62.989 12,9
Cerdanyola del Vallès Vallès Occidental 57.892 30,6
Esplugues de Llobregat Baix Llobregat 46.726 4,6
Gavà Baix Llobregat 46.488 30,8
Sant Feliu de Llobregat Baix Llobregat 43.671 11,8
Ripollet Vallès Occidental 37.422 4,3
Sant Adrià de Besòs Barcelonès 34.482 3,8
Montcada i Reixac Vallès Occidental 34.689 23,5
Sant Joan Despí Baix Llobregat 32.792 6,2
Barberà del Vallès Vallès Occidental 32.436 8,3
Sant Vicenç dels Horts Baix Llobregat 28.084 9,1
Sant Andreu de la Barca Baix Llobregat 27.306 5,5
Molins de Rei Baix Llobregat 24.805 15,91
Sant Just Desvern Baix Llobregat 15.874 7,8
Badia del Vallès Vallès Occidental 13.563 0,9
Corbera de Llobregat Baix Llobregat 14.231 18,4
Castellbisbal Vallès Occidental 12.407 31
Pallejà Baix Llobregat 11.255 8,3
Montgat Maresme 10.859 2,9
Cervelló Baix Llobregat 8.660 24,1
Santa Coloma de Cervelló Baix Llobregat 7.964 7,5
Tiana Maresme 8.151 8
Begues Baix Llobregat 6.520 50,4
Torrelles de Llobregat Baix Llobregat 5.740 13,6
El Papiol Baix Llobregat 4.014 9
Sant Climent de Llobregat Baix Llobregat 3.900 10,8
La Palma de Cervelló Baix Llobregat 3.023 5,5
Totals 3.239.337 636

Municipal elections 2015[edit]

Municipality PSC - CP CiU PP ICV-E * ERC - AM Ciutadans CUP/CAV - PA Guanyem/Comú ** Altres
Badalona 14,2 7,8 34,3 6,7 10,8 5,7 17,5 -- 1,6
Badia del Vallès 36,1 1,9 7,2 17,5 4,0 -- 24,3 -- 7,5
Barberà del Vallès 24,0 4,9 9,5 9,5 10,4 -- 16,3 -- 23,0
Barcelona 9,6 22,7 8,7 25,2 11,0 11,0 7,4 -- 3,4
Begues 7,3 33,8 14,0 16,1 18,7 -- -- -- 7,2
Castellbisbal 26,0 14,4 5,0 30,5 14,5 8,0 -- -- --
Castelldefels 15,9 8,6 27,2 15,7 10,4 8,9 -- 7,9 3,9
Cerdanyola del Vallès 18,7 9,4 10,0 8,9 15,2 12,5 18,6 -- 5,0
Cervelló 30,1 13,5 5,0 5,0 22,7 10,5 -- 8,9 2,7
Corbera de Llobregat 21,1 10,7 7,1 6,3 18,7 -- 17,2 -- 16,9
Cornellà de Llobregat 38,5 4,2 7,8 8,2 9,2 11,3 -- 17,4 2,3
Esplugues de Llobregat 36,1 8,0 9,9 9,8 10,2 11,8 5,8 -- 7,2
Gavà 30,7 6,9 8,3 4,5 12,1 14,7 4,5 1,5 15,5
L'Hospitalet de Llobregat 33,2 6,0 9,9 10,2 9,0 13,2 5,1 7,5 4,5
Molins de Rei 21,1 26,5 3,5 5,2 11,9 7,0 16,2 6,9 0,5
Montcada i Reixac 16,1 9,7 6,4 15,2 13,0 15,2 7,1 11,7 4,1
Montgat 12,3 24,1 5,0 10,4 20,8 11,1 -- -- 14,0
Pallejà 23,4 12,4 3,2 25,9 13,5 7,2 -- -- 12,4
La Palma de Cervelló 9,2 32,1 3,4 42,3 10,4 -- -- -- --
El Papiol 12,9 26,9 2,6 -- 22,2 -- -- -- 32,7
El Prat de Llobregat 14,6 5,6 9,0 35,6 8,9 8,6 -- 6,4 10,0
Ripollet 22,4 6,3 6,7 4,7 6,6 13,1 33,7 -- 4,9
Sant Adrià de Besòs 27,6 5,7 8,0 10,4 8,7 13,2 13,0 -- 12,0
Sant Andreu de la Barca 34,8 5,3 5,2 7,1 13,9 9,6 -- 14,9 8,3
Sant Boi de Llobregat 32,4 5,8 8,0 13,4 11,6 12,4 8,3 -- 6,4
Sant Climent de Llobregat 20,0 38,1 2,0 7,4 24,9 -- -- -- 5,3
Sant Cugat del Vallès 6,5 37,0 6,3 6,6 11,2 12,9 15,2 -- 3,0
Sant Feliu de Llobregat 19,3 10,0 7,6 23,7 12,7 10,7 -- 6,6 7,7
Sant Joan Despí 42,6 5,7 6,2 8,5 9,8 8,7 3,9 11,5 2,3
Sant Just Desvern 31,6 18,6 6,0 12,7 17,6 8,5 -- -- 3,3
Sant Vicenç dels Horts 21,9 5,7 4,9 6,1 37,7 13,2 -- 7,7 1,3
Santa Coloma de Cervelló 9,8 6,8 7,1 34,3 15,5 -- -- -- 24,8
Santa Coloma de Gramenet 40,7 3,6 7,8 7,8 4,8 11,5 18,5 -- 4,2
Tiana 27,8 21,0 7,1 -- 14,0 -- 9,2 -- 18,4
Torelles de Llobregat 13,1 12,8 6,1 -- 18,2 -- -- -- 44,7
Viladecans 38,0 4,8 6,7 9,5 10,2 13,6 -- 6,3 9,6
Total AMB 17,4 16,4 10,2 18,4 11,1 10,7 8,1 2,0 4,6

* ICV-E included in the 2015 coalitions in Comú Badia - Entesa i Barcelona Comú - Entesa.

** Guanyem not included in the 2015 coalitions in Comú Badia - Entesa and Barcelona Comú - Entesa.

Metropolitan government[edit]

Metropolitan Council[edit]

The Metropolitan Council is the highest governing body of the AMB. Its responsibilities include the appointment and dismissal of the AMB presidency; the approval of the Metropolitan Action Plan, which includes projects and services developed by the AMB during the term; the approval of laws and regulations, as well as the establishment of the metropolitan services fees.

The Metropolitan Council currently comprises 90 metropolitan councillors. Each of the 36 municipalities has a number of members in proportion to their demographic weight. The mayors of the municipalities are ex officio members of the Council, in addition to the councillors appointed by the Town Councils whose number increases until covering the one stipulated for each municipality.

Governing Board[edit]

The Governing Board is the body that assists the president in the everyday work of the metropolitan administration.

Tasks are delegated by the Metropolitan Council and the president, with the aim of facilitating the decision making and the work of the metropolitan administration.

The Governing Board comprises the AMB president and the metropolitan councillors appointed by the president at the proposal of the Metropolitan Council, and it meets at least twice a month.

Members of the Governing Board 2015 - 2019[edit]

Presidenta Ada Colau Ballano ENTESA pel Progrés Municipal
Vicepresident Executiu Antonio Balmón Arévalo PSC-CP
Vicepresidenta Núria Marín Martínez PSC-CP
Vicepresident Lluis Tejedor Ballesteros ENTESA pel Progrés Municipal
Vicepresident Eloi Badia Casas ENTESA pel Progrés Municipal
Vicepresident de Transport i Mobilitat Antoni Poveda Zapata PSC-CP
Vicepresidenta de Medi Ambient Janet Sanz Cid ENTESA pel Progrés Municipal
Vicepresident de Desenvolupament Social i Econòmic Jaume Collboni Cuadrado PSC-CP
Vicepresident d'Internacional i de Cooperació Alfred Bosch i Pascual ERC-AM
Conseller responsable de l'àrea de Planificació Estratègica Gerardo Pisarello Prados ENTESA pel Progrés Municipal
Membre del Consell Joan Borràs I Alborch ERC-AM
Membre del Consell Núria Parlón Gil PSC-CP
Membre del Consell Esther Pujol Martí PSC-CP
Membre del Consell Jordi San José Buenaventura ENTESA pel Progrés Municipal

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°22′20″N 2°4′36″E / 41.37222°N 2.07667°E / 41.37222; 2.07667