Ángel Ramos (industrialist)

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Ángel Ramos
AngelRamosTelemundo.jpg
Ángel Ramos
Born Ángel Ramos Torres
December 3, 1902
Manatí, Puerto Rico
Died September 1, 1960
New York City, New York
Nationality Puerto Rican
Occupation Businessman
Notes
Ramos founded Telemundo, the second largest Spanish Language speaking television network in the United States

Ángel Ramos (December 3, 1902 – September 1, 1960) was the founder of Telemundo, the second largest Spanish-language television network in the United States.

Early years[edit]

Ramos (birth name: Ángel Ramos Torres [note 1]) was born into a poor family in the northern town of Manatí, Puerto Rico. He was the only son born to Juan Ramón Ramos Vélez and Braulia Torres Giliberty, and only 3 years old when his father died. He was raised by his mother and an aunt, He finished his primary education, however in 1917, when he was 15 years old, he felt that in Manati he didn't have a future and left his home; he then moved to San Juan, the capital city of Puerto Rico.[1]

While living in San Juan, he went to school at the Central High School and found a job in "El Mundo", a recently founded newspaper. He started as a typesetter. In 1924, when he was 22 years old, he was promoted to the position of administrator.

"El Mundo" newspaper[edit]

In 1944, Ramos purchased the newspaper's holding company thus and so became the sole owner and publisher. On a business trip to New York City he met his future wife, an Italian girl by the name of Argentina Schifano. After they were married, the couple continued to live in Puerto Rico where Ramos's company was based.[1]

Ramos founded WEMB-Radio El Mundo and within a period of two years he purchased another radio station, WKAQ, thus establishing "Radio El Mundo" as the number 1 radio station in Puerto Rico which controlled 80% of the total air time.[2]

Telemundo[edit]

In 1954, Ramos founded the first Puerto Rican television station, WKAQ-TV that was transmitted through Channel 2 and which he named "Telemundo". Ramos wanted to maintain a consistent branding between its properties using the "mundo" theme ("mundo" is the Spanish word for "world"). Telemundo's first television signal was transmitted on January 28, 1954. On August 22, 1955, Telemundo transmitted the first locally produced "telenovela" (soap opera), titled "Ante la Ley", which included the participation of the Puerto Rican actress, Lucy Boscana. Argentina Ramos was active in her husband's newspaper, radio and television companies. They later set up a network in the former British colony of Guyana, though it was not particularly successful it was an indication of his ambition being carried over into those who followed in his footsteps. Sadly, they failed in their attempt because Spanish was not a common language in that country.[3]

Historic Telemundo logos.

Awards and recognitions[edit]

In 1950, Ramos was the recipient of the María Moors Cabot Award, bestowed upon him by Columbia University.[4] That year he was also named Citizen of the Year by the Puerto Rican Institute in New York. He was the President of the Executive Committee of the Interamerican Press Society.[3]

Legacy[edit]

On September 1, 1960, Angel Ramos died in New York City of a cerebral hemorrhage. His wife Argentina became the head of El Mundo Enterprises. She established the Angel Ramos Foundation, which is now the largest private philanthropic foundation in Puerto Rico.[5] In 1963, Argentina remarried and moved to Miami, Florida. On April 14, 1983, Telemundo was sold to John Blair and Co. and on October 1987 it passed to the hands of Reliance, Inc; finally, in 2001, Telemundo became part of NBC Universal and Telemundo is now the second largest Spanish speaking television network in the United States and, through its international channel, is also seen in most of Latin-America.[6]

The Angel Ramos Foundation provided a matching grant of one half the construction cost of the Arecibo Observatory's visitor center which was named after Mr. Ramos.[7]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is Ramos and the second or maternal family name is Torres.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Angel Ramos
  2. ^ History of Puerto Rican television
  3. ^ a b Telemundo
  4. ^ Puerto Rico: Figuras, apuntes históricos, símbolos nacionales, por Esther M. Melón de Díaz, 1975, pg. 204.
  5. ^ Angel Ramos Foundation
  6. ^ NBC Universal
  7. ^ Arecibo Observatory Angel Ramos Foundation Visitor Center