Árpád Szenes

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The museum and foundation building in Lisbon

Árpád Szenes (also French: Árpád Szenès; May 6, 1897, Budapest – January 16, 1985, Paris) was a Hungarian-Jewish abstract painter who worked in France.[1]

Biography[edit]

[2][circular reference]

In 1897, Szenes was born into a petty bourgeois family in Pest. At the Vörösmarty street, many artists turned around, including Bárdos Arturo, Ignotus, Lajos Hatvany. He went to the Munkácsy Mihály Street Secondary Grammar School and taught Milán Füst. He was passionate about it, drawing a lot. In World War I he soldiers, but he did not come to the front; portraits painted on the grave of heroic dead after a photo. Here he recognized Sculptor Bokros Birman Dezső, who directed him to modern art. He enrolled in the free school of József Rippl-Rónai, where Béla Iványi-Grünwald and Károly Kernstok had great influence.

In 1919. he worked with his workshop painters at the Kecskemét Artist Colony. Since they did not receive money, they had to make use of agricultural works. He painted together with Gyula Derkovits, Béla Iványi-Grünwald, János Kmetty, Róbert Emil Novotny and Pátzay Pál. He was ill with hard physical work, and with his two friends he moved to a business premise in Városmajor Street in Budapest. At that time, he met István Beöthy, who studied Buddhism and Oriental art. He did not have a more mature style: in 1922 he exhibited abstract artwork at a group exhibition of young artists at Ernst's Gallery, but his other paintings of the same year reflect the traditions of the Hungarian painting of the turn of the century and the influence of his masters. A European study trip; the first station in Germany in 1924, where he met with the works of Kandinsky and Klee, and studied the paintings of Giotto and Piero della Francesca in Italy. He first arrived in Paris in 1924, then traveled for only three months, then in the autumn of 1925, but then he was out. The money he received from his uncle was sold out, and for months he was in extreme poverty, nightclubs, and László Ney lived on cartoons made from guests at Montmartre cafes. Many Hungarians lived in Paris in addition to his mother, György Marton, Zsigmond Kolozsvári and Gábor Peterdi, who helped Szenes too much artistically. Meanwhile, he had exhibitions, and while he was bohemian with many women, he also visited the Grande Chaumière Free School. Here he met in Portugal in 1929 with Portuguese Maria Helena Vieira da Silva. They married in 1930, his wife became a Hungarian citizen, and remained until 1956. After marriage, she lived a more restrained life.

In 1930, the couple visited the artists' colony of Nagybánya. They lived and worked in a dead end in Paris, rue des Camelias, where many artists lived; They met with Lajos Tihanyi's friend, Kokoschka and Varese, but Jacques Lipchitz also visited them. Later, they moved their headquarters to boulevard Saint Jacques, and their studio was above a cardboard factory. Through their patrons and galleries, Jeanne Bucher, they were in close contact with Miró, Max Ernst.

At that time, Szenes visited the cafeteria of Les Amis du Monde group of young left-wing artists, István Hajdu (Étienne), Estève, Pignon, Breton, Aragon, etc. company. Through his wife, he contacted the Stanley Hayter-led Ateliers 17 studios, which removed his works from the 1930s to surrealism.

At the outbreak of the Second World War, they left Paris, leaving Jeanne Bucher their studio and pictures. They spent a few months in Lisbon, where Szenes had an independent exhibition, and then went to Brazil in 1940. They lived in Rio de Janeiro for some time, then settled in nearby Santa Teresa. The art media around the Rio was less inspirational to Paris; although they met with Gerardo Murillo (Dr. Atl) and some other painters, they were more concerned with poets and writers at this time. He painted close-ups of paintings, portraits of writers, poets, books illustrated. He founded a painting school called Sylvestre, taught amateurs and young Brazilian modernists.

In 1947. they returned home to Paris. After they returned, they returned to the boulevard Saint Jacques studio, and Szenes continued to teach. At that time, he started working on perhaps the most significant series of geometric and organic shapes, repetitive motifs, made of various techniques (watercolor, gouache, oil, pastel and chalk). Meanwhile, he painted portraits of Vieira da Silva, making hundreds of paintings altogether. The French State first bought its paintings in 1949, followed by several state purchases. From the middle of the 1950s, its expression was purer; His landscape and vertical relationships are of great significance, and his color scale has been reduced to a few pale colors. From then on, his wife, Vieira da Silva, became more and more adored while he was slightly overwhelmed.

In 1979, he made seven works from 1942 to 1970 to the Budapest Museum of Fine Arts and the Janus Pannonius Museum in Pécs. After his death and the change of regime in Hungary, Vieira da Silva established the foundation for the promotion of young artists, with their names in Lisbon, in 1990. The museum building in Praça das Amoreiras 58 was previously a silk factory.

He died at age 87 from a pulmonar edema, in 1995.

List of works[edit]

Works in books

Chapters Pierre Guéguen: La chasse au faon rose (ed. Cahiers d'Art, 1938) c. book of Illustrations for Murilo Mendes, Rainer-Maria Rilke, Jorge de Lima, 1944 Fifty gouache René Char Le Temps épars c. manuscript, 1966 Gravures (ed. F. Mermod), Lausanne, 1968.

His works in public collections

Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York Musée National d'Art Moderne, Paris Musée des Beaux-Arts, Dijon Musée des Beaux-Arts, Rennes Musée des Beaux-Arts, Rouen M. Figueira da Foz (POR) Musée canton des Beaux-Arts, Lausanne Musée Fabre, Montpellier M. Bezalel, Jerusalem Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest Janus Pannonius Museum, Pécs M. Nacional, Rio de Janeiro Kunsthalle, Zurich Center d'Art contemporain, Abbaye de Beaulieu. exhibitions Individual exhibitions

1933 - Galerie UP [engraving by Julian Trevelyan], Paris

1939, 1949, 1952, 1955, 1974 - Galerie Jeanne Bucher, Paris

1941 - Press House, Rio de Janeiro

1947 - Quelques français et des peintres, sculpteurs et graveurs hongrois de l'Ecole de Paris, Galerie de Bussy, Paris

1957 - Galerie Betty Thommen, Basel

1958 - Galerie Pierre, Paris

1960, 1965, 1969 - Galerie de Cahiers d'Art, Paris

1961 - Galerie du Grand Chene, Lausanne

1965 - Galerie Alice Pauli, Lausanne - Galerie 27, Oslo

1969, 1974, 1981, 1988 - Galerie Jacob, Paris

1968 - Paysages accordés, Galerie Alice Pauli, Lausanne

1970 - Galerie Régence, Brussels

1971-1973 - Retrospective - Musée des Beaux-Arts d'Orleans - Fundaçao Calouste Gulbekian, Lisbon - Rennes - Lille - Nantes - Rouen

1974 - Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris (Retrospective)

1975 - Musée Fabre, Montpellier - Galerie Michel Vokaer, Brussels

1976 - Dessins d'Arpad Szenes and de Vieira da Silva, Center Georges Pompidou, Paris

1977 - Hungarian National Gallery, Budapest - Janus Pannonius Museum, Pécs - G. Information, Tunis

1982 - Hommage à Arpad Senes, M. Ingres, Montauban

1983-1984 - Musée des Beaux-Arts de Dijon - G. EMI, Lisbon

1985 - Fundaçao Calouste Gulbekian, Lisbon

1985 - Hommage à Arpad Senes, Galerie Jeanne Bucher and Galerie Jacob, Paris

1986 - Nasoni G., Porto - Fundaçao Calouste Gulbekian, Lisbon

1987 - Fundaçao Calouste Gulbekian, Lisbon - Bertrand G., Lisbon

1989 - Modern Art Museum, Porto

1994 - Budapest Historical Museum, [Vieira da Silva]

1995 - Hommage à Vieira da Silva et ~, Abbaye de Beaulieu, Ginals (FR)

1997 - Fundaçao Árpád Senes-Vieira da Silva, Lisbon (retrospective)

1999 - Portraits of [Vieira da Silva], Fine Arts Museum, Budapest

2000 - Salle St. Jean, Hôtel de Ville de Paris - Fundaçao Calouste Gulbekian, Lisbon

Most important group exhibitions

1931, 1933, 1934, 1936, 1937, 1956 - Salon des Surindépendants, Paris

1932 - Salon d'Automne, Salon des Tuileries, Paris

1936 - Atelier 17, Leicester Gallery, London - New painting from Europe, East River Gallery, New York

1938 - Hungarian Artists in Paris, Tamás Gallery, Budapest - École de Paris, Galerie Jeanne Bucher, Paris

1944 - Atelier 17, Modern Art Museum, New York

1948 - French, Spanish and Hungarian Artists, National Salon, Budapest

1948, 1953, 1960, 1961, 1966, 1967 - Salon de Mai, Paris

1952 - Rythme et couleurs, Musée Cantonal, Lausanne - Les peintres d'aujourd'hui in Paris, Kunsthaus, Zurich

1953 - Biennale de Sao Paolo

1955 - The Movement of Contemporary Art, Musée Cantonal, Lausanne

1957 - French art, Zagreb - Belgrade

1959 - from Manet to the present, Warsaw - Hommage à Monet, Galerie Art Vivant, Paris - 80 Maler der Ecole de Paris, 1900-1959 - Vienna - Linz

1959, 1960 - Documenta II. and III, Kassel

1960 - Hommage à Jeanne Bucher, Galerie Jeanne Bucher - La Peinture française d'aujourd'hui, Museum of Tel Aviv - M. Bezalel, Jerusalem

1961 - Stedelijk M., Amsterdam

1962 - "French Rysunki XVII-XX S", Warsa w 1962, 1968 - Salon des Réalités Nouvelles, Paris

1963 - Contemporary French Painting, National Gallery, Salisbury

1966 - Dix ans d'art living 1945-1955, Fondation Maeght, St. Paul de Vence (FR)

1967 - Dix ans d'art vivant 1955-1965, Fondation Maeght, St. Paul de Vence (FR) - Galerie Jacob, Paris - Les quatre éléments, Galerie Cimaise, Paris

1968 - Painting in France 1900-1967 (traveling exhibition), Washington, New York, Chicago, San Francisco, Montreal - L'uso de la peinture [with Bryn, Zack], Galerie La Roue, Paris

1969 - Hommage à René Char, Musée de Céret

1970 - Hungarians from Paris, Galerie Zunini, Paris - 20th Century Hungarian Artists Abroad, Műcsarnok, Budapest

1971 - Hommage à Christian et Yvonne Zervos, Grand Palais, Pari

1979 - Spring Exhibition, Hungarian House, Paris - Présence Paris-Budapest, Orangerie des Jardins du Luxembourg

1982 - Honor to your homeland. Artists living abroad with Hungarian descent II. exhibition, Műcsarnok.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Arpad Szenes" (in Portuguese) [biographical timeline]. Árpád Szenes-Vieira da Silva Foundation. fasvs.pt. Retrieved 2016-10-31.
  2. ^ hu:Szenes Árpád

External links[edit]