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A with tilde.svg

Ã/ã (a with tilde) is a letter used in some languages, generally considered a variant of the letter A.

In Portuguese, Ã/ã represents a nasal near-open central vowel, [ɐ̃] (its exact height varies from near-open to mid according to dialect). It appears on its own and as part of the diphthongs ãe [ɐ̃j̃] and ão [ɐ̃w̃].

The symbol is used for the nasal vowel /ã/ in Guaraní, Kashubian and Taa.

In Aromanian, the symbol is used for the mid-central vowel /ə/.

In Vietnamese, it represents [aː] in a high breaking-rising tone. This also used in !Xóõ.

In the International Phonetic Alphabet, /ã/ stands for a nasal open front unrounded vowel, as in Quebec French maman and Jean.

The letter was also used in the Greenlandic alphabet to represent a long vowel ([aː]) next to a geminated consonant, but now it is replaced with Aa (example: Ãpilátoq → Aappilattoq).

All Unicode values start with 0, so the Unicode value for ã is actually 0227, not 227.

Character à ã
Unicode name Latin Capital Letter A with Tilde Latin Small Letter A with Tilde
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 195 U+00C3 227 U+00E3
UTF-8 195 131 C3 83 195 163 C3 A3
Numeric character reference à à ã ã
Named character reference à ã
EBCDIC family 102 66 70 46
ISO 8859-1/4/9/10/14/15 195 C3 227 E3

See also[edit]