Ätran (river)

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Ätran
River
Ätran (river), photo from Falkenberg.JPG
Ätran in Falkenberg, late-August 2004
Country Sweden
Source
 - location Gullered, Västergötland
 - elevation 332 m (1,089 ft)
 - coordinates 57°46′21″N 13°33′28″E / 57.77250°N 13.55778°E / 57.77250; 13.55778
Mouth Kattegat
 - location Falkenberg
 - elevation 0 m (0 ft)
 - coordinates 56°53′18″N 12°28′39″E / 56.88833°N 12.47750°E / 56.88833; 12.47750Coordinates: 56°53′18″N 12°28′39″E / 56.88833°N 12.47750°E / 56.88833; 12.47750
Length 240 km (149 mi) [1]
Basin 3,342.2 km2 (1,290 sq mi) [2]
Discharge
 - average 47 m3/s (1,660 cu ft/s) [1]
Karta Aetran position.gif
Path of the river

Ätran is a Swedish river. The river is about 240 km long, and has its source in Gullered, Västergötland, at a height of 332 m above sea level. The river has its mouth in Falkenberg, Halland, where the river enters Kattegat.

The drainage basin has an area of 3,343 km², of which most is forest. The river is well known as a good place for fishing. It is comparatively unpolluted

A road used for thousands of years, Redvägen, followed the river. Along the road several battles took place during the medieval era.

Path, tributaries and drainage basin[edit]

Area/tributary Drainage
basin (km²)
Average
water flow (m³/s)
Ätran, upstream Åsunden 650
Ätran, between Åsunden and Assman 379 8
Assman (Lillån) 652 9,5
Ätran, between Assman and Kalvån 45 24,5
Kalvån (Lillån) 514 8,2
Ätran, between Kalvån and Högvadsån 370 33,5
Högvadsån 476 8,5
Ätran between Högvadsån and the Sea 257 49
Total/Final 3 343 52,5

The river passes through several minor lakes in Västergötland (Sörsjön, Nolsjö, Vinsarpsjö and Lönnern). By the it reaches Åsunden, a lake of some size, it is about 1–2 m deep och 6–10 m wide. As the tributaries named Lillån join the river it gain considerably in size.[3]

The largest tributary is Högvadsån. Other main tributaries are Assman (Lillån), which join the river close to Örsås church and Kalvån (Lillån), which join the river close to Östra Frölunda church.

The drainage basin include the major parts of Falkenberg, Svenljunga, Tranemo and Ulricehamn Municipalities. Smaller parts of Falköping, Borås, Gislaved, Mark, Hylte and Varberg Municipalities are also part of the drainage basin. Within the basin 64 percent of the area is forest, 6 percent lakes, 7 procent bogs, 11 procent fields och 12 percent other.

The largest lakes within the basin are Åsunden (33,9 km²), Fegen (24,2), Sämsjön (9,2), Lönern (7,7) och Kalven (6,6). In total there is about 200 km² of lakes within the basin. The water flow at Yngeredsfors Power Station has been kept record of. It was on average 37,2 m³/s during the years 1909-1967. The maximum flow was 275 m³/s, while the minimum flow was about 5–7 m³/s.

Ätran in June 2010

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Ätran". Nationalencyklopedin (in Swedish). Retrieved 11 July 2010.  (subscription required)
  2. ^ "Län och huvudavrinningsområden i Sverige" (PDF) (in Swedish). Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute. Retrieved 11 July 2010. 
  3. ^ Nordisk familjebok: Ätran