Åseral

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Åseral kommune
Municipality
Coat of arms of Åseral kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Åseral kommune
Vest-Agder within
Norway
Åseral within Vest-Agder
Åseral within Vest-Agder
Coordinates: 58°42′07″N 07°23′37″E / 58.70194°N 7.39361°E / 58.70194; 7.39361Coordinates: 58°42′07″N 07°23′37″E / 58.70194°N 7.39361°E / 58.70194; 7.39361
Country Norway
County Vest-Agder
District Sørlandet
Administrative centre Kyrkjebygda
Government
 • Mayor (2007) Oddmund Ljosland (Sp)
Area
 • Total 887.52 km2 (342.67 sq mi)
 • Land 797.72 km2 (308.00 sq mi)
 • Water 89.80 km2 (34.67 sq mi)
Area rank 126 in Norway
Population (2016)
 • Total 942
 • Rank 408 in Norway
 • Density 1.2/km2 (3/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 5.4 %
Demonym(s) Åsdøl[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1026
Official language form Nynorsk
Website www.aseral.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Åseral is a municipality in Vest-Agder county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Sørlandet. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Kyrkjebygda. Other villages in Åseral include Eikerapen, Kylland, Ljosland, and Åknes.

Åseral is an inland municipality, bordering the county of Aust-Agder to the east and north. In the south, it borders the municipality of Audnedal, in the southeast with Hægebostad, and in the west with Kvinesdal. Åseral is the headwaters of the river Mandalselva and the Mandalen valley.

General information[edit]

Old farm building at the local folk museum

For centuries, the large parish of Bjelland encompassed the northern half of the Mandalen valley. The northern annex of the parish was Aaserald which was located in the neighboring county of Nedenes while the main part of the parish was located in Lister og Mandal county. When the formannskapsdistrikt law went into effect on 1 January 1838, each parish was created as a municipality, however, since Bjelland covered areas in two counties, it had to be split into two municipalites. The northern annex became the municipality of Aaserald (later spelled Åseral) in Nedenes county and the rest became the municipality of Bjelland og Grindum in Lister og Mandal county. On 1 September 1880, the municipality of Åseral was transferred from Nedenes county to Lister og Mandal county. Its municipal boundaries have never changed.[2]

Name[edit]

The Old Norse form of the name was Ásaráll. The first part of the word is probably the genitive case of áss (m.), meaning "mountain ridge". The last part, áll (m.) means "long strip", probably referring to the long and narrow lake Øre. Historically, the name was spelled Aaserald or Aaseral. Since the early 20th century it has been spelled Åseral.[3]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times; they were granted on 20 January 1989. It shows a silver or white horseshoe opening downwards on a green background. The horseshoe was chosen to represent the historical importance of horses in the farming culture of Åseral as well as the symbol of good luck. The green background represents the importance of forestry.[4]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Åseral. It is part of the Mandal deanery in the Diocese of Agder og Telemark.

Churches in Åseral
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Åseral Åseral Church Kyrkjebygda 1822
Ljosland Chapel Ljosland 1959
Åknes Chapel Åknes 1873

Government[edit]

Entrance to the Skjerka power station
Ljosland fjellstove hotel

All municipalities in Norway, including Åseral, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Åseral is made up of 17 representatives that are elected to every four years. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[5]

Åseral Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
  Labour Party Arbeiderpartiet 3
  Conservative Party Høgre 4
  Christian Democratic Party Kristelig Folkeparti 4
  Centre Party Senterpartiet 6
Total number of members: 17

Geography[edit]

Åseral is located in the central, inland part of Southern Norway. It is located in the Setesdalsheiene mountains and adjacent to the Setesdal valley to the northeast. Åseral has many lakes, some of which are dammed for purposes of hydroelectric power. Some of the lakes include Nåvatnet, Juvatn, Øre and Gyvatn. The river Mandalselva and the Mandalen valley both begin in Åseral.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Åseral
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.0
(24.8)
−4.1
(24.6)
−0.8
(30.6)
2.9
(37.2)
8.5
(47.3)
13.4
(56.1)
14.7
(58.5)
13.8
(56.8)
9.5
(49.1)
5.9
(42.6)
1.0
(33.8)
−2.2
(28)
4.9
(40.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 158
(6.22)
115
(4.53)
112
(4.41)
73
(2.87)
109
(4.29)
103
(4.06)
107
(4.21)
152
(5.98)
198
(7.8)
225
(8.86)
214
(8.43)
160
(6.3)
1,726
(67.95)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 15.7 10.7 12.6 9.4 11.4 10.6 11.0 12.4 14.2 15.7 16.4 15.2 155.3
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[6]

Attractions[edit]

Åseral is a popular winter tourist destination with three ski resorts located in the villages of Bortelid, Ljosland, and Eikerapen. Eikerapen is also the site of the annual Eikerapen Roots Festival, an international music festival attracting thousands of people from all over Europe.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01. 
  2. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  3. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1912). Norske gaardnavne: Lister og Mandals amt (in Norwegian) (9 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 134. 
  4. ^ "Kommunevåpen". Åseral kommune. Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
  5. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015. 
  6. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. 

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Åseral at Wikimedia Commons
  • The dictionary definition of Åseral at Wiktionary
  • Vest-Agder travel guide from Wikivoyage