Æthelburg of Wessex

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This article is about Æthelburg of Wessex. For the wife of Edwin of Northumbria, who founded the Lyminge monastery in Kent, see Æthelburh of Kent.
Æthelburg
Queen of Wessex
Reign c. 688-726
Predecessor Cynethryth
Successor Frithugyth
Born c. 673
Died c. 740 (aged 66–67)
Spouse Ine of Wessex

Queen Æthelburg, (also Æthelburh or Ethelburga) (ca. 673-740) was the wife of King Ine of Wessex. In 722 CE, she destroyed the stronghold of Taunton (which had been built by Ine) in an attempt to find the rebel Ealdbert.[1]

Life[edit]

Æthelburg was born circa 673. She was the wife of King Ine of Wessex. The couple ruled jointly, and Æthelburg is considered by some historians to be one of the few Anglo-Saxon women warriors.[2] In 722, Æthelburg burned down the city of Taunton, a city built by Ine, to avoid its destruction by enemies.[3] In 726 King Ine of Wessex abdicated the throne, and, with Æthelburg, went to Rome.[4]

Legacy[edit]

Æthelburg of Wessex is sometimes confused with Æthelburg of Kent, the wife of Edwin of Northumbria, who founded the Lyminge monastery in Kent. Æthelburg is a featured figure on Judy Chicago's installation piece The Dinner Party, being represented as one of the 999 names on the Heritage Floor. In The Dinner Party the character Æthelburg is actually a combination of Æthelburg of Wessex and Æthelburg of Kent.[5][6][7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ashley, Mike (1998). The Mammoth Book of British Kings and Queens. London: Robinson Publishing. p. 309. 
  2. ^ Kevin R. Brine; Elena Ciletti; Henrike Lähnemann (2010). The Sword of Judith: Judith Studies Across the Disciplines. Open Book Publishers. pp. 172–. ISBN 978-1-906924-15-7. 
  3. ^ "Ine". 1911 Encyclopedia. 1911. Retrieved 16 December 2011. 
  4. ^ Parks, George B. 1954. The English traveler to Italy. First volume, First volume. Roma: Edizioni di storia e letteratura. 31
  5. ^ Chicago, 105.
  6. ^ "Aethelburg". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Aethelburg. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 16 December 2011. 
  7. ^ Eckenstein, Lina, 1963. Woman under monasticism; chapters on saint-lore and convent life between 500 and 1500. (New York: Russell & Russell), 84.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Chicago, Judy. The Dinner Party: From Creation to Preservation. London: Merrell (2007). ISBN 1-85894-370-1

External links[edit]