Æthelheard of Wessex
|King of Wessex|
Æthelheard (meaning roughly "Noble Stern"), also spelled Ethelheard or Æþelheard, was King of Wessex from 726 to 740. There is an unreliable record of Æthelheard having been the brother-in-law of his predecessor, Ine, but his ancestry is unknown, perhaps making him the first King of Wessex not to be descended from Cynric by blood.
When Ine abdicated and went to Rome in 726, he left behind no obvious heir, and according to Bede simply left his kingdom "to younger men". In the wake of his departure, the West Saxon throne was disputed between Æthelheard and a rival claimant, Oswald. Oswald may have had the better claim, as the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle calls him a descendant of the early king Ceawlin, but it was Æthelheard who prevailed. It is possible that his success was due to the support of Æthelbald of Mercia, since he seems to have been subject to Æthelbald afterward. However, Æthelheard's lack of independence does not seem to have prevented Æthelbald from taking considerable territory from Wessex in 733, including the royal manor of Somerton.
Æthelheard was succeeded by Cuthred, possibly a brother or other relative.
- The tradition is reflected in, and may stem from, a charter in Glastonbury, now considered spurious, in which he is identified as the queen's brother. However, even as a forgery, it has sometimes been valued as at least "some evidence, when not contradicted by anything better", to quote Edward A. Freeman (1872), "King Ine", Proceedings of the Somersetshire Archaeological and Natural History Society 18, pt 2, 1–59, fn p. 15
- Frank Stenton, Anglo-Saxon England (1943, 1971, 1998 Oxford paperback), pages 72–73.
- ASC manuscript A, 728.
- Æthelheard 6 at Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England
- Æthelheard 4 at Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England (but corresponding charters S249 and S250 are considered rather dubious)
|King of Wessex
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