Çürüksulu Mahmud Pasha

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Çürüksulu Mahmud

Çürüksulu Mahmut Paşa (Tavdgiridze).JPG
In office
4 February 1917 – 8 October 1918
Minister of the Navy
Personal details
Born1864
Kobuleti, present-day Adjara, Georgia
Died31 July 1931 (aged 66)
Istanbul, Turkey
NationalityOttoman
Political partyCommittee of Union and Progress

Çürüksulu Mahmud Pasha (Turkish: Çürüksulu Mahmut Paşa; 1864 – 31 July 1931), was an Ottoman army general and statesman of ethnic Georgian background.[1]

Early life and career[edit]

Mahmud Pasha was born in 1864 in Kobuleti, then part of the Ottoman Empire known by its Turkish name Çürüksu, in the present-day Adjara region of the Republic of Georgia.

After 1909, Mahmud Pasha took part in the modernization of the Ottoman army under the auspices of German High Command. He served as the Minister of Public Works in the CUP government.

When World War I broke out in 1914, Mahmud Pasha opposed the Ottoman participation in view of the unpreparedness of the armed forces. He was known as an outspoken but a respected figure in the Committee of Union and Progress (CUP). Later in the war, Mahmud Pasha served as the Minister of the Navy in the CUP cabinet of Talaat Pasha.

In 1914, Mahmud Pasha's candidacy was put forward by the Sultan to serve in the Ottoman Senate (Ayan Meclisi). After the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in WW I, Mahmud Pasha led the commission to negotiate peace. Mahmud Pasha's support for territorial concessions to reach an agreement with Armenians in 1919 drew criticism from Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.[2]

On March 22, 1920, Mahmud Pasha was among the few CUP members arrested and sent by the British authorities for a tribunal in Malta. Upon their repatriation in 1921, he returned to Turkey. Mahmud Pasha died in Istanbul on July 31, 1931.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Çürüksulu Mahmud Pasha Tavgiridze". The Platform of Georgians in Turkey (TurkGurcu.com). Retrieved May 6, 2012.
  2. ^ Atatürk, Kemal. "Public Speeches, Nutuk (1919 - 1927)". Ataturk Research Center. Retrieved May 6, 2012.