Çaldıran, Van

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Çaldıran
View from vehicle travelling through Çaldıran town
View from vehicle travelling through Çaldıran town
Çaldıran is located in Turkey
Çaldıran
Çaldıran
Coordinates: 39°08′31″N 43°54′50″E / 39.14194°N 43.91389°E / 39.14194; 43.91389Coordinates: 39°08′31″N 43°54′50″E / 39.14194°N 43.91389°E / 39.14194; 43.91389
Country Turkey
ProvinceVan
Government
 • Acting MayorŞefık Ensari (AKP)
 • KaymakamAdem Can
Area
 • District1,587.22 km2 (612.83 sq mi)
Population
 (2012)[2]
 • Urban
14,361
 • District
67,329
 • District density42/km2 (110/sq mi)
Post code
65750
Websitewww.caldiran.bel.tr

Çaldıran (Kurdish: Ebex‎),[3] is a district and town in Van Province of Turkey.

As mayor Leyla Atsak from the Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP) was elected in the local elections of March 2019.[4] However Leyla Atsak was barred from holding office by the Supreme Election Board (YSK), despite being approved as a candidate by the YSK before the elections due to have being dismissed from public office in the past.[5] Şefık Ensari from the Justice and Development Party (AKP) who came in second in the elections was given the mayorship instead. Adem Can became the Kaymakam in September 2019.[6]

The town is in an earthquake prone area; 3,840 people were killed by a 7.2 magnitude earthquake in 1976.[7]

In the district was found an archaeological site of a former building on a hill 2000 m above sea level.[8]

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

At 2,045 m (6,709 ft) above sea level, Çaldıran has a humid continental climate, with Mediterranean influences (Dsb, according to the Köppen climate classification). Summers are mild and dry and winters are cold and snowy, with very low temperatures, due to its elevation. The lowest temperature recorded in Çaldıran is -46.4 °C on 9 January 1990 and It is also the lowest temperature recorded in Turkey.[9]

Climate data for Çaldıran, Van, Turkey
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −1.8
(28.8)
−0.9
(30.4)
3.5
(38.3)
10.8
(51.4)
16.4
(61.5)
21.9
(71.4)
27.3
(81.1)
27.3
(81.1)
23.1
(73.6)
15.0
(59.0)
7.7
(45.9)
0.6
(33.1)
12.6
(54.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.7
(19.9)
−5.9
(21.4)
−1.1
(30.0)
5.5
(41.9)
10.3
(50.5)
14.6
(58.3)
19.4
(66.9)
19.2
(66.6)
14.8
(58.6)
8.3
(46.9)
2.5
(36.5)
−3.7
(25.3)
6.4
(43.6)
Average low °C (°F) −11.6
(11.1)
−10.8
(12.6)
−5.6
(21.9)
0.3
(32.5)
4.2
(39.6)
7.4
(45.3)
11.6
(52.9)
11.1
(52.0)
6.5
(43.7)
1.6
(34.9)
−2.6
(27.3)
−8.0
(17.6)
0.3
(32.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 31
(1.2)
37
(1.5)
41
(1.6)
58
(2.3)
61
(2.4)
39
(1.5)
17
(0.7)
13
(0.5)
15
(0.6)
49
(1.9)
41
(1.6)
37
(1.5)
439
(17.3)
Source: Climate-data.org (unofficial, modelled data)[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. ^ Adem Avcıkıran (2009). Kürtçe Anamnez Anamneza bi Kurmancî (PDF) (in Turkish and Kurdish). p. 57. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  4. ^ "Van Çaldıran Seçim Sonuçları - 31 Mart 2019 Yerel Seçimleri". www.sabah.com.tr. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  5. ^ "YSK bars dismissed public servants from serving as mayors - Turkey News". Hürriyet Daily News. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  6. ^ "Çaldıran Kaymakamı Adem Can". www.caldiran.gov.tr. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  7. ^ Daha önce de büyük depremler yaşandı NTV 23 October 2011
  8. ^ "Castle-like structure discovered on hill in Van". Hürriyet Daily News. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  9. ^ "Türkiye'de ve Dünyada Kaydedilen En Düşük ve En Yüksek Değerler".
  10. ^ Climate data: Çaldıran - Climate-data.org

See also[edit]