Çanakkale Province

Coordinates: 40°02′27″N 26°33′37″E / 40.04083°N 26.56028°E / 40.04083; 26.56028
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Çanakkale Province
Çanakkale ili
Location of the province within Turkey
Location of the province within Turkey
 • Governorİlhami Aktaş
9,817 km2 (3,790 sq mi)
 • Density57/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (TRT)
Area code0286

Çanakkale Province (Turkish: Çanakkale ili) is a province of Turkey, located in the northwestern part of the country. It takes its name from the city of Çanakkale. Its area is 9,817 km2,[2] and its population is 559,383 (2022).[1]

1915 Çanakkale Bridge

Like Istanbul, Çanakkale province has a European (Thrace) and an Asian (Anatolia) part. The European part is formed by the Gallipoli (Gelibolu) peninsula, while the Asian part is largely coterminous with the historic region of Troad in Anatolia. They are separated by the Dardanelles strait, connecting the Sea of Marmara and the Aegean Sea.

The archaeological site of Troy is found in Çanakkale province.

Çanakkale District is the most populous district of the province. The European and Asian parts of the province were connected to each other with the completion of the Çanakkale 1915 Bridge in March 2022.


In the early Turkish Republic, the Çanakkale Province came into existence with the abolition of the Ottoman-era sanjaks of Biga and Gelibolu. According to a population census in 1927, Çanakkale had 8,500 inhabitants, except its neighbouring villages. It is recorded that Çanakkale, which was also called as "Hellespontos" and "Dardanelles" in ancient times, has accommodated to many civilizations for about 3,000 years. Even the Archaic Troy (Troia) city, where was governed by Lydians and destroyed by the devastating earthquake in 2500 BC, has ruins in today. In 336 BC, Persian Empire which became the crucial power in Anatolia and was conducted by Alexander the Great that aimed to extend ancient Greece all over the world, was defeated. Also with the ruin of the Anatolian beylik of Karesi, most of the territory of Çanakkale was conquered in the Ottoman era, with the assistance of the castles in remuneration for helping to Byzantine Empire, locating Gelibolu. Afterwards, the Çanakkale strait was given to the Ottoman Empire.

The province was included in the Second Inspectorate General on the 19 February 1934 which span over the provinces of Edirne, Çanakkale, Kırklareli, Tekirdağ.[3] It was ruled by an Inspector General who had wide-ranging authorities over civilian, military and educational matters.[4] The office of the Inspectorate-General was abandoned in 1948[5] but the legal framework of the Inspectorate-Generals was only abolished in 1952, under the Government of the Democrat Party.[6]


The province of Çanakkale is a notable region for viticulture and winemaking in Turkey. The region between Saros Gulf and Gelibolu on the Gallipoli peninsula is cultivated with vineyards.[7] Wine producer "Suvla" is located in Suvla.[8]


As of 2020 several of the country's coal fired power stations are here,[9] some with smokestack filters which do not meet regulations.[10]


Çanakkale province is divided into 12 districts, including the capital district Çanakkale (or Merkez):[11]

District Continent Population Area
Ayvacık Asia 34,549 872 39.6
Bayramiç Asia 28,952 1,085 26.7
Biga Asia 92,180 1,266 72.8
Bozcaada Asia 3,120 37 83.3
Çan Asia 47,954 876 54.7
Çanakkale Asia 197,841 1,029 192.3
Eceabat Europe 8,684 416 20.9
Ezine Asia 31,848 768 41.5
Gelibolu Europe 43,984 830 53.0
Gökçeada Europe 10,348 283 36.6
Lapseki Asia 29,336 867 33.8
Yenice Asia 30,587 1,476 20.7
Europe (3 districts) 63,016 1,528 41.2
Asia (9 districts) 496,367 8,276 60.0
Total 559,383 9,804 57.1


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Address-based population registration system (ADNKS) results dated 31 December 2022, Favorite Reports" (XLS). TÜİK. Retrieved 19 September 2023.
  2. ^ "İl ve İlçe Yüz ölçümleri". General Directorate of Mapping. Retrieved 19 September 2023.
  3. ^ Cagaptay, Soner (2006). Islam, Secularism, and Nationalism in Modern Turkey; Who is a Turk. Routledge. p. 47.
  4. ^ Pekesen, Berna (16 December 2019). Florian, Riedler; Kravietz, Birgit (eds.). The Heritage of Edirne in Ottoman and Turkish Times: Continuities, Disruptions and Reconnections. Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. pp. 423–424. ISBN 978-3-11-063908-7.
  5. ^ Bayir, Derya (2016-04-22). Minorities and Nationalism in Turkish Law. Routledge. p. 141. ISBN 978-1-317-09579-8.
  6. ^ Bozarslan, Hamit (2008-04-17). Fleet, Kate; Faroqhi, Suraiya; Kasaba, Reşat; Kunt, I. Metin (eds.). The Cambridge History of Turkey. Cambridge University Press. p. 343. ISBN 978-0-521-62096-3.
  7. ^ Akyol, Cahit (2005-06-04). "İşte Türkiye'nin şaraplık üzüm haritası". Hürriyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2015-07-28.
  8. ^ "Çanakkale'den Yepyeni Bir Şarap Markası: 'Suvla'" (in Turkish). Çanakkale'nin Rehberi. Retrieved 2015-07-28.
  9. ^ "Polluted Air Takes More Lives Than Traffic Accidents". Sivil Sayfalar (in Turkish). 2020-02-03. Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  10. ^ Başkanı, M. M. O.; ki, Termik Santraller İle İlgili Bir Basın Açıklaması Yaptı-Kararara Haber – Güncel Hukuk Haberleri dedi (2020-01-24). "MMO Başkanı, Termik Santraller İle İlgili Bir Basın Açıklaması Yaptı". Enerji Portalı (in Turkish). Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  11. ^ "Turkey: Administrative Division". City Population. 12 Feb 2023. Retrieved 26 Oct 2023.

External links[edit]

40°02′27″N 26°33′37″E / 40.04083°N 26.56028°E / 40.04083; 26.56028