Çermenikë

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Çermenikë or Çermenika is an upland northeast of Elbasan, in central Albania.

In the Middle Ages, as Tzernikon or Tzernikos (Greek: Τζερνικός/Τζερνικόν), it was an episcopal see of the Patriarchate of Constantinople, as a suffragan see of the Archbishopric of Dyrrhachium.[1]

In the mid-15th century, the region was ruled by George Arianiti, one of the main leaders of the Albanian resistance to the Ottoman Empire.[2]

In the late Ottoman period it is reported that the region had 12 villages and 3000 Bektashi inhabitants.[3]

In World War II, the area was a centre of the Albanian Resistance to the German occupation.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Elmar Büttner (2007). Erzbischof Leon von Ohrid (1037-1056): Leben und Werk (mit den Texten seiner bisher unedierten asketischen Schrift und seiner drei Briefe an den Papst) (in German). Büttner. p. 21. ISBN 9783000219719. 
  2. ^ Elsie, Robert (2012). A Biographical Dictionary of Albanian History. London: I.B. Tauris. pp. 16–17. ISBN 978-1-78076-431-3. 
  3. ^ Çarçani, Leonard (2007). Besimet Fetare në Prefekturën e Elbasanit. Page 9: "Krahina e Çermanikës me 12fshatra dhe 3000 myslimanë bektashianë."
  4. ^ Elsie, Robert (2012). A Biographical Dictionary of Albanian History. London: I.B. Tauris. pp. 97–98, 102. ISBN 978-1-78076-431-3. 

Coordinates: 41°15′N 20°15′E / 41.25°N 20.25°E / 41.25; 20.25