The çifteli (çiftelia, qifteli or qyfteli , Albanian: "doubled" or "double stringed") is a plucked string instrument, with only two strings, played mainly by the Gheg people of northern and central Albania, Southern Montenegro, parts of North Macedonia and Kosovo. 
Çifteli vary in size, but are most often tuned to B3 and E3 (comparable to the top two strings of a guitar, which is classically tuned as "E2 A2 D3 G3 B3 E4"). Usually the lower string is played as a drone, with the melody played on the higher string. The çifteli is a fretted instrument, but unlike most, it is not fretted in a chromatic scale (one fret per semitone), but rather in a diatonic scale, with seven notes to the octave.
The term çifteli comes from Turkish: çift ("double"); and tel. This word is derived from Turkish "çift" ("double, pair") and "tel" ("wire, string"), so it takes the name from the number of the strings, the meaning is the same in Albanian. 
The çifteli originates from Albanian territories. The çifteli delivers a unique sound, melody and accompanied singing.  The çifteli has an origin distinct from that of the bağlama(saz) instrument.
- Dutar, a Central Asian instrument, whose name means "two strings" in Persian
- Šargija, a baglama-like Balkan instrument
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