Çoruh River

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Çoruh, ჭოროხი, Acampsis
Çoruh River.jpg
Country Turkey, Georgia
Physical characteristics
Main source Mescid Mountains
River mouth Black Sea
Length 438 km (272 mi)[1]
Discharge
  • Average rate:
    278 m3/s (9,800 cu ft/s)
Basin features
Basin size 22,100 km2 (8,500 sq mi)

The Çoruh River (Turkish: Çoruh, Georgian: ჭოროხი ch'orokhi, Greek: Άκαμψις, Akampsis) rises in the Mescit Mountains in north-eastern Turkey, flows through the cities of Bayburt, Ispir, Yusufeli, and Artvin, along the Kelkit-Çoruh Fault, before flowing into Georgia, where it reaches the Black Sea just south of Batumi and a few kilometers north of the Turkish-Georgian border.

In Arrian's Periplus Ponti Euxini, it is called the Άκαμψις Acampsis; Pliny may have confused it with the Bathys.[2] In English, it was formerly known as the Boas, the Churuk, or the Chorokh.[3][4]

Biodiversity[edit]

The Çoruh valley lies within the Caucasus ecological zone, which is considered by the World Wild Fund for Nature and by Conservation International as a biodiversity hotspot.[5][6] The Çoruh Valley is recognised by Turkish conservation organisations as an important plant area,[7] an important bird area,[8] a key biodiversity area[9] and has been nominated as a high priority area for protection. This valley is rich in plants and contains 104 nationally threatened plant species of which 67 are endemic to Turkey.[7]

Recreation[edit]

The Çoruh has been called "an eco-tourism gem" and "Turkey's last remaining wild river", and is being promoted for whitewater kayaking by the Eastern Anatolia Tourism Development Project.[10] It attracts kayakers and rafters from all over the world and was the site of the 2005 Coruh Extreme kayak competition.[11]

2007-06 Çoruh rafting.jpg

Dams[edit]

A total of 15 large hydroelectric dams are planned as part of the Çoruh River Development Plan[12] but a total of 27 are proposed for the Çoruh River Catchment. Under the Çoruh Development Plan, 7 dams have been completed (Arkun, Artvin, Borçka, Deriner, Güllübağ, Murtli and Tortum Dams), another 3 are under construction.[13]

Dam Phase
Tortum Dam Operational – Tortum River (Çoruh tributary)
Muratli Dam Operational
Borçka Dam Operational
Deriner Dam Operational
Olur Dam Planned
Bağlık Dam Planned – Berta River (Çoruh tributary)
Bayram Dam Planned – Berta River (Çoruh tributary)
Artvin Dam Operational
Yusufeli Dam Under construction
Altiparmak Dam Planned – Barhal River (Çoruh tributary)
Ayvali Dam Planned – Oltu River (Çoruh tributary)
Olur Dam Planned – Oltu River (Çoruh tributary)
Arkun Dam Operational
Aksu Dam Preliminary construction
Güllübağ Dam Operational
İspir Dam Planned
Laleli Dam Under construction

References[edit]

  1. ^ UN Economic Commission for Europe, Our waters: joining hands across borders : first assessment of transboundary, p. 150
  2. ^ William Smith, Dictionary of Greek and Roman geography, 1:216 (1854).
  3. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition 2:757d
  4. ^ W. Rickmer Rickmers, "Lazistan and Ajaristan", The Geographical Journal 84:6 (Dec., 1934), p. 466. at JSTOR
  5. ^ WWF Global 200 Regions
  6. ^ Conservation International Biodiversity Hotspots
  7. ^ a b Ozhatay N, Byfield A & Atay S 2005, 122 Important Plant Areas of Turkey, for WWF Turkey, Istanbul, Turkey.
  8. ^ Magnin G & Yarar M 1989, Important Bird Area in Turkey, Dogal Hayati Koruma Dernegi, Turkey.
  9. ^ Eken G, Bozdogan M, I˙sfendiyaroglu S, Kılıç DT & Lise Y, (editörler) 2006, Key biodiversity areas in Turkey, Doga Dernegi, Ankara, Turkey.
  10. ^ United Nations Development Programme: Europe & CIS, "Eastern Turkey Becomes Tourist Destination" [1]
  11. ^ Coruh Extreme Race
  12. ^ ENCON 2006, ‘Yusufeli Dam and Hydroelectric Power Project Environmental Impact Assessment’, Ankara, Turkey.
  13. ^ "Hydroelectric Power energy Resources" (PDF) (in Turkish). State Hydraulic Works. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 41°36′17″N 41°34′27″E / 41.6047°N 41.5742°E / 41.6047; 41.5742