Échirolles

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Échirolles
Échirolles town hall with Eugène Delacroix's Liberty Leading the People reproduced on its façade
Échirolles town hall with Eugène Delacroix's Liberty Leading the People reproduced on its façade
Coat of arms of Échirolles
Location of Échirolles
Échirolles is located in France
Échirolles
Échirolles
Échirolles is located in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Échirolles
Échirolles
Coordinates: 45°08′37″N 5°43′06″E / 45.1436°N 5.7183°E / 45.1436; 5.7183Coordinates: 45°08′37″N 5°43′06″E / 45.1436°N 5.7183°E / 45.1436; 5.7183
CountryFrance
RegionAuvergne-Rhône-Alpes
DepartmentIsère
ArrondissementGrenoble
CantonÉchirolles
IntercommunalityGrenoble-Alpes Métropole
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Renzo Sulli[1]
Area
1
8 km2 (3 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[2]
36,961
 • Density4,600/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
38151 /38130
Elevation217–395 m (712–1,296 ft)
(avg. 237 m or 778 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Échirolles (French pronunciation: [eʃiʁɔl] (audio speaker iconlisten); Arpitan: Ècherôles) is a commune in the Isère department in southeastern France.

It is the second-largest suburb of the city of Grenoble, and is adjacent to it on the south.

History[edit]

Former industrial village, the majority of its inhabitants worked in the viscose factories, a fabric which was invented in Échirolles in 1884 by French scientist and industrial Hilaire de Chardonnet, before becoming universally famous. The process for manufacturing viscose was then patented by three British scientists, Charles Frederick Cross, Edward John Bevan and Clayton Beadle, in 1891.

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1836 735—    
1841 702−0.91%
1846 715+0.37%
1851 639−2.22%
1856 634−0.16%
1861 615−0.61%
1866 642+0.86%
1872 652+0.26%
1876 682+1.13%
1881 619−1.92%
1886 679+1.87%
1891 633−1.39%
1896 600−1.07%
1901 574−0.88%
1906 582+0.28%
1911 572−0.35%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1921 597+0.43%
1926 838+7.02%
1931 2,765+26.97%
1936 2,520−1.84%
1946 2,825+1.15%
1954 3,762+3.65%
1962 7,111+8.28%
1968 15,429+13.78%
1975 33,288+11.61%
1982 37,360+1.66%
1990 34,435−1.01%
1999 32,806−0.54%
2007 35,383+0.95%
2012 35,826+0.25%
2017 36,840+0.56%
Source: EHESS[3] and INSEE (1968-2017)[4]

Personalities[edit]

International relations[edit]

Échirolles is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2018". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Échirolles, EHESS. (in French)
  4. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE

External links[edit]