Échirolles

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Échirolles
Échirolles town hall with Eugène Delacroix's Liberty Leading the People reproduced on its façade
Échirolles town hall with Eugène Delacroix's Liberty Leading the People reproduced on its façade
Coat of arms of Échirolles
Coat of arms
Location of Échirolles
Échirolles is located in France
Échirolles
Échirolles
Échirolles is located in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Échirolles
Échirolles
Coordinates: 45°08′37″N 5°43′06″E / 45.1436°N 5.7183°E / 45.1436; 5.7183Coordinates: 45°08′37″N 5°43′06″E / 45.1436°N 5.7183°E / 45.1436; 5.7183
CountryFrance
RegionAuvergne-Rhône-Alpes
DepartmentIsère
ArrondissementGrenoble
CantonÉchirolles
IntercommunalityGrenoble-Alpes Métropole
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Renzo Sulli
Area
1
8 km2 (3 sq mi)
Population
(2011)2
35,995
 • Density4,500/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
38151 /38130
Elevation217–395 m (712–1,296 ft)
(avg. 237 m or 778 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Échirolles (Arpitan: Ècherôles) is a commune in the Isère department in southeastern France.

It is the second-largest suburb of the city of Grenoble, and is adjacent to it on the south.

History[edit]

Former industrial village, the majority of its inhabitants worked in the viscose factories, a fabric which was invented in Échirolles in 1884 by French scientist and industrial Hilaire de Chardonnet, before becoming universally famous. The process for manufacturing viscose was then patented by three British scientists, Charles Frederick Cross, Edward John Bevan and Clayton Beadle, in 1891.

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1836735—    
1841702−4.5%
1851639−9.0%
1861615−3.8%
1872652+6.0%
1881619−5.1%
1891633+2.3%
1901574−9.3%
1911572−0.3%
1921597+4.4%
19312,765+363.1%
19462,825+2.2%
19543,762+33.2%
19627,111+89.0%
196815,429+117.0%
197533,288+115.7%
198237,360+12.2%
199034,435−7.8%
199932,806−4.7%
200635,687+8.8%
201135,995+0.9%

Personalities[edit]

International relations[edit]

Échirolles is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]