109, rue Notre-Dame-des-Champs, Paris|
Ad nova tendere sueta|
(Towards novelty from tradition)
|Principal||Pierre de Panafieu|
The school was officially founded in 1874, after three years of functioning, by teachers and Protestant academics from Alsace who came to France after the annexation of Alsace-Lorraine by the German Empire during the Franco-Prussian War.
The new school was an establishment for secondary education based on the model of the Jean Sturm Gymnasium, with the ambition of "producing a type of man who was cultivated, and combines the virtues of the regional soul with the general qualities of the humanist". The two first headmasters of the school, Frédéric Rieder (from 1874 to 1891) and Théodore Beck (from 1891 to 1922), were both pastors and former students of the Jean-Sturm Gymnasium.
Later, the school was headed by Henri Péquignat (1922-1936), Jacques Vallette (1936-1945), Jean Neel (1945-1953), Georges Hacquard (1953-1986), Jean-Pierre Hammel (1986-1988), René Fuchs (1988-2001), Pierre de Panafieu (since 2001).
The school rapidly became one of the testing grounds for public education, known as a "pilot school". Non-religious since 1874, mixed in 1908, it insisted from its inception on the importance of French (rather than Latin) and foreign languages. It opened a gymnasium and science labs in 1881. Audiovisual methods of teaching were introduced in 1963, with the introduction of CCTV.
Running from kindergarten to final year, the École alsacienne is one of the most reputable schools in Paris. Students from the École alsacienne often come from amongst the most privileged sectors of society, due to their selection and admission policies, and its geographic location. The establishment offers relatively few integrated places, as many students stay there throughout their school life. The school considered opening an establishment in Argenteuil, but the project never took place, due to lack of public investment.
The school uses active methods of teaching. Therefore, the growth of the child is placed at the heart of the education system, even to the detriment of spaces. Teaching of sport, plastic arts, and music is central, including in the creation of a classe à horaires aménagés musique in the college.
In order to empower students and their families, the school practices education without punishment or reward.
Languages take an important role in the education. German is taught in the first years in the school, but Chinese has been taught since 1963. English courses are obligatory from the beginning of elementary school, and leads to intensive language courses in college and lycée, particularly in the European (specifically English) and Oriental (particularly Chinese) sections.
As the establishment is a private school, education is paid for, around 912 euros per trimester; there are also scholarships. Entrance is selective: in 2014, there were 300 applications for entry to the 6th Form, for 60 places.
- German (LV1 until 6th form)
- English (from primary, LV1 until 6th form with a class reserved for bilingual students by level, European section from the 4th year.)
- Chinese (LV2 until 6th form, LV3 from second, Oriental section from the 4th year)
- Spanish (LV2 from the 5th year, LV3 from the second)
- Greek (option from the second)
- Italian (LV2 from the 5th year)
- Latin (obligatory from the 5th year, optional from the 4th)
- Russian (LV3 from the 4th year)
In 2015, the lycée was ranked 12th of 109 at departmental level in terms of teaching quality, and 130th at national level. The ranking was based on three criteria: baccalauréat results, the proportion of students who obtain their baccalauréat having studied at the school for their last two years, and "added value" (calculated based on the social origin of students, their age, and their diploma results).
The school is found at 109, rue Notre-Dame-des-Champs in Paris, in the 6th arrondissement of Paris (between the Petit Collège and the Premières/Terminales at 128, rue d’Assas), not far from the Port-Royal and the Jardin du Luxembourg.
As well as those students of the École alsacienne who are known in the cultural, media, or political spheres, the establishment is known for taking children of celebrities in the public and private spheres.
View of the school from the terrace of 128, rue d'Assas
« La Maison blanche » of 107, rue Notre-Dame-des-Champs, bought in 1973 : used as a headmaster's office.
- Jacques Allier, « Les origines de l’École alsacienne », Bulletin de la Société de l'histoire du protestantisme, vol. 121, 1975, p. 100-112. JSTOR 24294800.
- Sylvia Avrand-Margot, « Musique à l'école : éducation musicale à l'école alsacienne (Paris) », in La Lettre du musicien, 1998, 208
- Théodore Beck, Mes souvenirs 1890-1922, Paris, Fischbacher, 1934, 220 p.
- Cinquantenaire de l'École alsacienne, Paris, s.d. (1924), 258 p.
- École alsacienne : Paris : inauguration des nouveaux bâtiments : discours (9 juin 1881), Cerf, Paris, 1881, 27 p.
- « L'École alsacienne », les Saisons d'Alsace, 1994
- Georges Hacquard, Histoire d'une institution française : l'École alsacienne,
- tome 1 : « Naissance d'une école libre 1871-1891 », Paris, Garnier, 1982, 356 p.
- tome 2 : « L'école de la légende 1891-1922 », preface by Jean Bruller, Paris, Suger, 1987, 528 p.
- tome 3 : « La tradition à l'épreuve 1922-1953 », 352 p.
- tome 4 : « L'école du contrat 1953-1986 », 378 p.
- Gabriel Monod, Les réformes de l'enseignement secondaire et l'École alsacienne, Paris, 1886
- Maurice Testard, Une belle école. Histoire anecdotique préfilmée de l'École alsacienne, préface by Vercors, Paris, Vigot frères, 1950, 121 p.
Notes and reference
- site des anciens élèves de l'école.
- "L'histoire de L'École alsacienne par Roger Gruner". ecole-alsacienne.org. 7 May 2004 [modified on 20 November 2009]. Retrieved 17 March 2018..
- Natacha Polony, « École alsacienne : les raisons d'un succès », Le Figaro, 21 June 2010, p. 2.
- The history of the education of women in France meant that mixed education was not generally used in the French education system until the 1960s.
- Colombe Schneck, « École alsacienne, les liens du rang », GQ, September 2015, pages 94-98.
- Classement départemental et national du lycée
- Méthodologie du classement national des lycées français
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to École alsacienne (Paris).|
- Jean Sturm Gymnasium, private Protestant school in Strasbourg