École Centrale Paris

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École Centrale Paris
Ecole Centrale Paris Logo.svg
Motto Leader, Entrepreneur, Innovateur
Type Public, Grand établissement
Established 1829
President Hervé Biausser
Students 1,394
Location Châtenay-Malabry, France
Affiliations UniverSud Paris, Centrale Graduate School, CESAER
Website http://www.ecp.fr

Coordinates: 48°45′56.8″N 2°17′18.3″E / 48.765778°N 2.288417°E / 48.765778; 2.288417

École Centrale Paris (French pronunciation: ​[ekɔl sɑ̃tʁal paʁi]) is a French graduate institution (grande école) in the field of engineering science. It is also known by its original name École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures (ECP) and its alumni are called Centraliens.

Founded in 1829, it is one of the oldest and most prestigious engineering schools in France and has the special status of Grand établissement.

In 2015, École Centrale Paris merged with Supélec and became CentraleSupélec, which is a member of the new Université Paris-Saclay.

History[edit]

Ecole Centrale Paris was founded in 1829 by means of a private initiative by Alphonse Lavallée, who became its first president, and three scientists who became founding associates: Eugène Peclet, Jean-Baptiste Dumas, and Théodore Olivier.[1] The founding vision was to educate multidisciplinary engineers for the emerging industrial sector in France. The institution was offered to the French state in 1857 by its creator, Alphonse Lavallée.

Partnerships[edit]

École Centrale Paris is one of the Centrale Graduate Schools associated as the Groupe Centrale network with its sister institutions (Lille, Lyon, Marseille, Nantes, Beijing, Hyderabad (with Mahindra Group) and Casablanca).

Since 1837, the school has established international research and education partnerships with several leading universities, such as University of Cambridge, ETH Zurich, Harvard, Indian Institutes of Technology, KAIST, Keio, MIT, NTUA, National University of Singapore, RWTH Aachen, Tsinghua University and TU Delft. It was a founding member of the TIME (Top Industrial Managers for Europe) network among leading European engineering schools, and also a member of the UniverSud Paris and the CESAER association of European engineering schools.[2]

Campus[edit]

Initially located in the Hôtel de Juigné (now Hôtel Salé and home to the Musée Picasso), the main campus of the school was transferred to rue Montgolfier in 1884, where it stayed until 1969. Its current location neighbours the Parc de Sceaux.

Former location of the École Centrale, rue Montgolfier in Paris (3rd arrondissement):


The school is now located at Châtenay-Malabry, Hauts-de-Seine, a southern suburb of Paris, France (in the Île-de-France region), next to the Parc de Sceaux and its Château de Sceaux. Within the main campus at Châtenay Malabry, ECP hosts eight laboratories:

  1. Molecular and Macroscopic Energy, Combustion[3]
  2. System Analysis and Macroeconomics Modeling[4]
  3. Industrial Engineering[5]
  4. Chemical Engineering and Materials Processing Laboratory[6]
  5. Applied Mathematics[7]
  6. Soil and Structure Mechanics[8]
  7. Technology and Strategy[9]
  8. Solids Structure and Properties[10]

Most of the 2000 students at École Centrale Paris stay in dedicated on-campus student residences, which is located near the research labs and easily accessible via public transport.

Admission[edit]

Most French students are admitted to the general engineering program at Ecole Centrale Paris after studying 2–3 years of classes préparatoires or prépas, which corresponds to two years of post high-school education (freshman and sophomore years at US universities) with emphasis in science. At the end of their second year (Mathématiques spéciales), students take an entrance examination for the grandes écoles. Ecole Centrale Paris recruits among the top 5% of students in classes préparatoires for a quota of about 500.[11] Also, a small number of students are admitted based on their results in a 3-year undergraduate program at a French university. Otherwise, the school recruits top performing international students each year (~ 50) from leading partner universities to pursue the same program as a double degree.

Curriculum[edit]

The general engineering program is multidisciplinary and typically lasts 3–4 years. The curriculum is similar to those offered at other écoles d'ingénieurs généralistes, and exposes students to both undergraduate and graduate-level subjects. All courses are taught in either French or English.

During the first year (Tronc Commun, or Common Core), students are required to study several subjects in science (mathematics, quantum physics, biology…), engineering (continuum mechanics, heat transfer, algorithms, programming…), as well as social sciences (economics, management, foreign languages…). In the second year, students are given the option to choose elective courses but with heavy emphasis in science nevertheless. The first two years are also used to train students in various research, startup and industry projects. In the third year, students can choose to major (specialize) in a particular field depending on their academic and professional interests. Upon graduation, students receive the degree of Diplôme d'Ingénieur (equivalent to Master of Science) along with the title of Ingénieur diplômé, which is more commonly called Ingénieur centralien.

The Graduate School[edit]

The school offers a broad range of specialized master's programmes in science and engineering (one-year or two-year programs).[12]

It also offers various Ph.D. programmes for holders of a master's degree. More than 200 doctoral candidates currently work in one of the eight laboratories of the school.

Alumni[edit]

Gustave Eiffel, designed the Eiffel Tower and the internal structure of the Statue of Liberty in New York

Name (Year of graduation):

Notable faculty[edit]

They include:

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

External links[edit]