Entrance facade of the Éden-Théâtre
(with the west facade of the nearby
Palais Garnier in the background on the left)
Detail from an 1893 map of Paris with the Éden-Théâtre on the left and the Opéra (Palais Garnier) on the right
|Address||7 rue Boudreau,
|Opened||7 January 1883|
The Éden-Théâtre was a large theatre (4,000 seats) in the rue Boudreau, Paris, built at the beginning of the 1880s by the architects William Klein and Albert Duclos (1842–1896) in a style influenced by orientalism. It was demolished in 1895.
Inspired by Moghol architecture, it was inaugurated on 7 January 1883 with the ballet Excelsior! with music by Marenco, and this was followed in subsequent years by other spectacular ballets. The theatre witnessed the single performance of the first Paris production of Wagner's Lohengrin, on 3 May 1887 (in French) with Van Dyck and Fidès Devriès, conducted by Lamoureux, which aroused enormous opposition among the Parisian public. This was followed in 1888 by La fille de Madame Angot with Judic and Granier and Le petit duc with Dupuis and Granier. The four-act version of Orphée aux enfers with Christian and Granier, a revival of Excelsior!, and the Paris premiere of Charles Lecocq's Ali-Baba were presented in 1889.
After a ballet and a grand revue, the theatre was renamed Théâtre Lyrique in October 1890, and the first Paris performance of Samson et Dalila with Talazac and Bloch and La jolie fille de Perth with Émile Engel and Cécile Mézeray were presented, but the theatre closed before the end of the year due to lack of funds.
On 12 November 1892 the theatre became the Grand Théâtre, opening with Daudet's play Sapho (with incidental music by Mendelssohn, Delibes and Massenet), followed by a production of Le Malade imaginaire with Charpentier's music arranged by Saint-Saëns. The year 1893 saw a production of L'Arlésienne (music director Gabriel Marie), Pêcheur d'Islande by Loti with Guitry and music by Ropartz, and in November that year the Société des Grand Concerts of Colonne gave Marie-Magdeleine (with Gabrielle Krauss) and La damnation de Faust (with Engel).
In 1893 a foyer of the Grand Théâtre was converted into a much smaller theatre called the Comédie-Parisienne (the present Athénée Théâtre Louis-Jouvet). The colossal theatre suffered continual financial difficulties, closed in 1894, and was demolished in May 1895.
- Wild 2003.
- Decléty, Lorraine (2003). "L'architecte orientaliste". Livraisons d'histoire de l'architecture (in French) (5). pp. 55–65. doi:10.3406/lha.2003.931. Retrieved 15 September 2010.
- "PARIS 1876-1939 : LES PERMIS DE CONSTRUIRE". parisenconstruction.blogspot.com. 12 March 2008. Retrieved 17 September 2010.
- Noel & Stoullig, vol. 9 (année 1883), p. 299.
- Noel & Stoullig, vol. 13 (année 1887), p. 465; Langham-Smith 1992, p. 873.
- Noel & Stoullig, vol. 14 (année 1888), p. 372 (La fille de Madame Angot), p. 379 (Le petit duc).
- Noel & Stoullig, vol. 15 (année 1889), p. 385 (Orphée aux enfers), p. 389 (Excelsior!), p. 392 (Ali-Baba).
- Noel & Stoullig, vol. 16 (année 1890), pp. 509–522.
- Noel & Stoullig, vol. 18 (année 1892), p. 281.
- Noel & Stoullig, vol. 19 (année 1893), pp. 335–342.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Éden-Théâtre.|
- Fauquet, Joël-Marie, editor (2001). Dictionnaire de la musique en France au XIXe siècle. Paris: Fayard. ISBN 9782213593166.
- Langham-Smith, Richard (1992). "Paris: 1870–1902" in Sadie 1992, vol. 3, pp. 873–879.
- Noel, Édouard; Stoullig, Edmond (1875–1918). Les Annales du Théâtre et de la Musique (41 volumes). Paris. View at HathiTrust.
- Sadie, Stanley, editor (1992). The New Grove Dictionary of Opera (4 volumes). London: Macmillan. ISBN 978-1-56159-228-9.
- Tydeman, William; Price, Steven (1991). Wilde: Salome Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-56545-5.
- Wild, Nicole (2003) "Éden-Théâtre" in Fauquet 2003, p. 422.