Église de la Madeleine (Aix-en-Provence)
|Église de la Madeleine|
Bouches-du-Rhône, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
|Heritage designation||Monument historique|
Second Empire architecture
|Archdeaconry||Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Aix|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Église de la Madeleine (Aix-en-Provence).|
The Église de la Madeleine is a Roman Catholic church in Aix-en-Provence.
A convent of the Dominican Order and a Gothic church was built in the 13th century on the Place des Prêcheurs. However, it was burned down in 1383. It was rebuilt, but came down in 1465. The current church building was constructed in its place in the seventeenth century. It was designed by architect Laurent Vallon (1652-1724), and it was built from 1691 to 1703. The facade was designed by architect Henri Révoil (1822-1900) from 1855 to 1860, and it serves as an example of Second Empire architecture. It was renamed in honour of Mary Magdalene in 1822.
Over the centuries, a number of renowned figures have been baptised in this church. On July 21, 1535, the son of François de Malherbe (1555–1628), also named François de Malherbe, was baptised in the church. A century later, André Campra (1660–1744) was baptised here on December 3, 1660. Eighteen years later, Gaspard de Gueidan (1688-1767) was also baptised in the church. Additionally, a century later, Louis-Charles-Jean-Baptiste Michel, who served as Bishop of Fréjus and Toulon from 1829 to 1845, was baptised in the church on July 12, 1761. More recently, the painter Paul Cézanne (1839-1906) was also baptised in this church.
The church has a fair amount of art pieces. For example, paintings inside the church include: La mort de St.Joseph by Jean-Baptiste van Loo (1684–1745), Madeleine chez Simon by Michel Serre (1658-1733), La nativité de Jésus by Pierre Mignard (1612-1695), Annunciation Tryptych by Barthélemy d'Eyck (c. 1420–after 1470), and Le Martyre de Saint-Paul by Théodore Beyermann. There are also paintings by Joseph-Marie Vien (1716-1809) and Jean Daret (1613–1668).
It has been closed for refurbishment since 2006. It will reopen in 2014. The paintings inside are temporarily housed in an air-conditioned warehouse in Marseille for the duration of the refurbishment of the church.
- Base Mérimée: PA00080997, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
- Dominique Auzias, Le Petit Futé, 2008 p. 142 
- Dominique Auzias, Jean-Paul Labourdette, Aix-en-Provence 2012, Le Petit Futé, 2012, p. 299 
- Aix-en-Provence: Place Prêcheurs
- Aix-en-Provence: Monuments à Aix en Provence
- Étienne Antoine Benoît Rouard, Notice sur la bibliothèque d'Aix, dite de Méjanes, Aix, Aubin: Firmin Didot frères, 1831, p. 111 
- Gilles Henry, François de Malherbe : gentilhomme et poète, 1555-1628, Paris: Cheminements, 2005, p. 45
- Maurice Barthélémy, André Campra – 1660-1744, Arles: Actes Sud, 1995
- Bertrand Jestaz, Art et artistes en France de la Renaissance à la Révolution, Paris: Bibliothèque de l'École des Chartes, 2003, p. 259
- L'Ami de la religion, vol. 125, Paris, 1845, p. 421
- Olivier-René Veillon, Seul comme Cézanne, Maisonneuve et Larose, 1995, p. 24.
- Official website: Emmanuel de Fonscolombe
- Association des Amis des Orgues de la Madeleine
- Isabelle Loriant, 'L’Église de la Madeleine sauvée mais sous surveillance durant 6 mois', Aix-en-Provence, 2006
- Le béton au secours de l’église de La Madeleine, Aix-en-Provence, May 10, 2013
- Sébastien Cyffers, 'L’église de la Madeleine soumise à un titanesque inventaire', La Provence, Aix-en-Provence, October 10, 2010, p. 6.