Élisabeth Sophie de Lorraine
|Élisabeth Sophie de Lorraine|
|Duchess of Richelieu|
|Died||2 August 1740 (aged 29–30)|
|Burial||20 August 1740|
Chapelle de la Sorbonne, Paris, France
|Spouse||Armand de Vignerot du Plessis|
|Antoine, Duke of Richelieu|
Jeanne Sophie, Countess of Egmont
|House||House of Lorraine|
|Father||Joseph, Count of Harcourt|
|Mother||Marie Louise Jeannin de Castille|
Élisabeth Sophie de Lorraine (Marie Élisabeth Sophie; 1710 – 2 August 1740.) was a French noblewoman and the second wife of Armand de Vignerot du Plessis, the notoriously lecherous Duke of Richelieu.
She was born in 1710 and was the second daughter of Joseph de Lorraine, Count of Harcourt and his wife Marie Louise Jeannin de Castille. Her older sister Louise Henriette Françoise married Emmanuel Théodose de La Tour d'Auvergne, Duke of Bouillon in 1725.
Family relations included Emmanuel Maurice de Lorraine-Guse, Duke of Elbeuf; Béatrice Hiéronyme de Lorraine, Abbess of Remiremont; Élisabeth Thérèse de Lorraine, Princess of Epinoy; and Queen Elisabeth of Sardinia.
In the end, with the help of Voltaire, the Duke of Richelieu was married to Élisabeth Sophie. As she was a princess of the House of Lorraine, Richelieu had to ask permission from the reigning Duke of Lorraine, Francis III Stephen. The Duke of Lorraine accepted and Élisabeth Sophie married Armand de Vignerot du Plessis, duc de Richelieu on 7 April 1734.
Richelieu had been married before to Anne Catherine de Noailles but had had no children. Élisabeth Sophie gave him two children, including the next Duke of Richelieu.
It was said at court that Élisabeth Sophie had a strong mind and a heart capable of great affection and gratitude. She was praised for her virtuous, passionate nature and was a devoted wife to one of the most notorious womanisers of the age.
She died of scurvy in her husband's arms on 2 August 1740, at about thirty years in age and only five months after the birth of her daughter. She was buried at the Chapelle de la Sorbonne on 20 August 1740. In 1780, her husband married again to Jeanne Catherine Josèphe de Lavaulx; there were no children from the marriage.
- Antoine de Vignerot du Plessis (4 February 1736 – 1791) married Adélaide Gabrielle de Hautefort in 1765 and had issue; married Marie Antoinette de Gallifet and had issue;
- Jeanne Sophie de Vignerot du Plessis (1 March 1740 – 14 October 1773) married Don Casimir Pignatelli, Count of Egmont, Duke of Bisaccia in 1755; no issue.
|Ancestors of Élisabeth Sophie de Lorraine|
Titles and styles
- 1710 – 7 April 1734 Mademoiselle de Guise
- 7 April 1734 – 2 August 1740 Her Highness the Duchess of Richelieu (Son Altesse Madame la duchesse de Richelieu)
References and notes
- van de Pas, Leo. "Marie Élisabeth Sophie de Lorraine". Genealogics .org. Retrieved 2010-03-29.
- Future Holy Roman Emperor and husband of Empress Maria Theresa
- Zinsser, Judith P. "Emilie Du Chatelet: Daring Genius of the Enlightenment". Googlebooks.org. Retrieved 2010-03-29.
- "Mercure de France". Googlebooks.org. Retrieved 2010-03-16.