Émile Bourquelot

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Élie-Émile Bourquelot

Émile Bourquelot (21 June 1851 – 26 January 1921) was a French chemist, and professor of pharmacy at the University of Paris.[1] He was born in Jandun (Ardennes, France), to a farmer, and was the eldest of three sons. Bourqelot became the Chief Pharmacist at the Laënnec Hospital in 1887, where he established a laboratory to conduct his research into carbohydrate chemistry.[2] Bourquelot and other French pharmacists pioneered the study of plant glycosides, molecules in which a sugar is bound to a non-carbohydrate part. They developed methods to stabilize these compounds in solution, and detect them enzymatically.[3] He died at the age of 70 on January 26, 1921, from pneumonia.

The French Academy of Sciences awarded him the Prix Montagne for 1897.[4]


  1. ^ "Prof. Emile Bourqeulot". Nature. 106 (2678): 836–37. 1921. doi:10.1038/106836a0. 
  2. ^ Courtois, Jean Emile (1963). Lawrence Wolfrom, Melville Lawrence, ed. Emile Bourqelot. Advances in Carbohydrate Chemistry. 18. Academic Press. pp. 1–8. ISBN 978-0-12-007218-7. 
  3. ^ Jupile B, Jaussaud P. (2010). "[The French pharmaceutical school of heterosides (glycosides)]". Review d'histoire de la pharmacie. 57 (364): 375–84. PMID 20481379. 
  4. ^ "Séance du 10 janvier". Le Moniteur scientifique du Doctor Quesneville: 223–225. March 1898. 

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