Émile Dubois (murderer)

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Emile Dubois
Emile Dubois 1867-1907.jpg
Born Émile Dubois
(1867-04-29)29 April 1867
Étaples, France
Died 26 March 1907(1907-03-26) (aged 39)
Valparaíso, Chile
Cause of death Executed by firing squad
Other names Emilio Dubois
Emilio Morales
Emile Murraley
Criminal penalty Death
Conviction(s) Murder
Victims 4+
Country Chile

Louis Brihier, alias Émile Dubois (born Étaples 29 April 1867; died Valparaíso, 26 March 1907) was a French-born criminal and multiple murderer known as a folk hero in Chile.[1]

Early life[edit]

Brihier killed the father of his girlfriend, a retired policeman, when he was fifteen. He then worked as miner for two years, until a foreman was found dead. After two months in prison for theft, he embarked for Venezuela at the age of twenty taking the name Émile Dubois. In 1903, aided by his two lovers Ursula Morales and her friend Catalina, he murdered a young Peruvian engineer in a trap laid in a brothel in Ouro, stealing the young man's savings.[citation needed]

In 1904 he murded a French trader, Ernest Lafontaine, in Santiago after losing his money gambling. Then in Valparaíso followed more murders; Gustave Titius, a German businessman, Isidore Challe, another French merchant, and Reinald Tillmans, a German trader.[2]

On June 26, 1905 he attempted to murder an American dentist called Davies, the attack failed and he fled and was pursued and caught by crowds.[3] It was in Valparaíso where Dubois was captured, tried and finally executed by four riflemen on March 26, 1907.

Popular legend[edit]

According to the chroniclers of the time, the victims of Dubois were usurers, so that the people termed him the Chilean Robin Hood, considering the murders as acts of justice of the proletariat against the bourgeoisie. Popular culture has since elevated him to the status of holy person, transforming his grave (located in the Playa Ancha in Valparaiso) into a revered one, full of innumerable gifts and dedications.


  1. ^ Chili, île de Pâques, Patagonie Dominique Auzias, Jean-Paul Labourdette
  2. ^ Ercilla - Issues 1968-1979 - Page 50 1973 "Ese mismo año, tres crímenes en Valparaíso: Reinaldo Tillmans, alemán, 65, comerciante importador; Gustavo Titius, alemán, soltero, 55; Isidoro Chale, también de ascendencia extranjera y de edad avanzada. Aunque las pistas eran"
  3. ^ A memorial to Valparaíso - Page 150 Alfonso Calderón "On June 26, 1905 it witnessed a horrible attack: from the room that today is designated as 1158 the murderer Dubois emerged, bleeding, after he had attempted to kill and rob Mr. Davies, the dentist. He fled by Melgarejo toward the wharf"