Émile Pierre Ratez

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Émile Pierre Ratez (also René Emile Ratez; 1851–1934) was a French composer, administrator and violist.

Ratez was born in Besançon on 5 November 1851, and became a pupil of Pierre De Mol at the music school there[1] and later, a pupil of Bazin and of Jules Massenet at the Conservatoire de Paris in the 1870s.[1] In 1891 he became the director of the Lille branch of the Paris Conservatory.[1]

He died in Lille on 19 May 1934.[2]

His compositions include some chamber music (at least three piano trios, a piano quintet, a cello sonata, at least two violin sonatas, a string trio, for example),[3] a suite for violin and piano,[4] two operas Lydéric (premiered 1895, Lille) and Paula (premiered 1904, Besançon)[5][6] and many songs and other choral and piano works (&c...)[7]

His six Characteristic Pieces have been republished by Billaudot.[8]

Discography[edit]

  • 2016: Acte Préalable AP0358 – Émile Pierre Ratez - Exhibition 1 [9]
  • 2016: Acte Préalable AP0366 – Émile Pierre Ratez - Exhibition 2 [10]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c See Grandemusica.net (http://grandemusica.net/musical-biographies-r-1/ratez-emile-pierre ), Hubbard (The American History and Encyclopedia of Music: Musical biographies, p. 194) and Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians 3rd Edition (1919) p. 202 for identification of "Demol" in that article as either Pierre De Mol or his nephew François-Marie and Baker's p. 742 for further biography of Ratez.
  2. ^ "MusicSack". Retrieved January 26, 2014.  One source (Opernlexikon) has August 1925.
  3. ^ IMSLP; the cello sonata has not yet as of 2014 January been uploaded to IMSLP but is noted OCLC 842337860 (copy at the Bibliothèque Nationale de France); a piano trio in C major Op.24 not at IMSLP is also at BNF - OCLC 842337884
  4. ^ OCLC 842337876
  5. ^ "Opera Glass: Stanford: Composers "R"". Retrieved January 30, 2014. 
  6. ^ Vocal score of Lydéric published in 1896 by Alphonse Leduc. See the Bibliographie de la France, 26 December 1896 issue, page 833.
  7. ^ Worldcat.
  8. ^ See e.g. "Characteristic Piece Op.46 No.1 for Double-Bass and Piano". Billaudot via Boosey. Retrieved January 26, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Émile Pierre Ratez (1851-1934) - Exhibition 1". Retrieved 15 October 2016. 
  10. ^ "Émile Pierre Ratez (1851-1934) - Exhibition 2". Retrieved 15 October 2016. 

External links[edit]